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A note on the energy cost of walking in cattle

  • J. M. de C. R. Ribeiro (a1), J. M. Brockway (a1) and A. J. F. Webster (a1)
Summary

Measurements were made of the heat production of cattle while standing at rest or walking on a treadmill at different speeds, both on the level and at a gradient of 6°. The energy cost of horizontal locomotion was about 2 J/kg per m at speeds of 40 to 85 m/min, irrespective of body weight or plane of nutrition. The energy cost of vertical locomotion was about 26 J/kg per vertical m.

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References
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Clapperton, J. L. 1964. The energy metabolism of sheep walking on the level and on gradients. Br. J. Nutr. 18: 4754.
Hall, W. C. and Brody, S. 1934. The energy cost of horizontal walking in cattle and horses of various ages and body weights. Res. Bull. Mo. agric. Exp. Stn, No. 208.
Lusk, G. 1931. The Elements of the Science of Nutrition. 4th ed. Saunders, London.
McLean, J. A. 1972. On the calculation of heat production from open-circuit calorimetric measurements. Br. J. Nutr. 27: 597600.
Osuji, P. O. 1974. The physiology of eating and the energy expenditure of the ruminant at pasture. J. Range Mgmt 27: 437443.
Webster, A. J. F., Smith, J. S., Crabtree, R. M. and Mollison, G. S. 1976. Prediction of the energy requirements for growth in beef cattle. 2. Hereford × British Friesian steers given dried grass or barley. Anim. Prod. 23: 329340.
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Animal Science
  • ISSN: 1357-7298
  • EISSN: 1748-748X
  • URL: /core/journals/animal-science
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