Carlini et al. (1990) reported the presence of Xenarthra (Mammalia) from the Eocene deposits of Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula, based on an ungual phalanx from locality RV 8200. The locality, referred to informally as “mammal site” by Woodburne & Zinsmeister (1984), is located at 64°14′21″S, 56°39′44″W at an elevation of 45 m in the middle levels of the shallow marine La Meseta Formation (TELM 5 of Saddler 1988). Carlini et al. (1990) initially identified the phalanx as a megatherioid sloth (Order Tardigrada). Marenssi et al. (1994) revised its identification to ?Tardigrada or ?Vermilingua, by comparison with a primitive myrmecophagid (Order Vermilingua) from the Lower Miocene of Patagonia, whose ungual phalanges are indistinguishable from those of primitive sloths (Carlini et al. 1992). We report a fragmentary tooth of a member of the Tardigrada (Family incertue sedis) confirming the presence of this group in the Eocene of Antarctica.
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