Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Depositional environment and climate changes during the Holocene in Grande Valley, Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Antarctica

  • Zhuding Chu (a1), Liguang Sun (a1), Yuhong Wang (a2), Tao Huang (a1) and Xin Zhou (a1)...
Abstract

A 9.24 m sediment core, GA-2, was collected on the coastal platform of Grande Valley, a relatively narrow and shallow fjord in Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Antarctica. The sediment was formed between 6600 and 2000 cal. yr bp according to accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) 14C dating of five bulk sediment samples. The comprehensive proxy indicators (grain size, loss on ignition at 550°C, magnetic susceptibility, elements) were analysed, and three separate depositional environments and an alternating climate change pattern were identified. Grande Valley experienced a warm marine environment between 6600 and 5800 cal. yr bp, a minor cooling between 5800 and 4800 cal. yr bp, the transition from cool to warm during 4800–4400 cal. yr bp, a mid-Holocene climatic optimum between 4400 and 2700 cal. yr bp, and the onset of the Neoglacial at 2700 cal. yr bp. This study reconstructed the environmental history of Grande Valley during the mid–late Holocene, provides the missing marine record of historical climate for the western coast of Fildes Peninsula and lays the foundation for further study of the climate and environment changes therein. Our finding that the sea level was c. 12 m a.m.s.l. at 2000 cal. yr bp allows for detailed reconstruction of Holocene sea level variations.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: slg@ustc.edu.cn
References
Hide All
Ball, D.F. 1964. Loss‐on‐ignition as an estimate of organic matter and organic carbon in non‐calcareous soils. European Journal of Soil Science, 15, 8492.
Barnard, A., Wellner, J.S. & Anderson, J.B. 2014. Late Holocene climate change recorded in proxy records from a Bransfield Basin sediment core, Antarctic Peninsula. Polar Research, 33, 10.3402/polar.v33.17236.
Bentley, M.J., Hodgson, D., Smith, J., Cofaigh, C.Ó., Domack, E., Larter, R., Roberts, S., Brachfeld, S., Leventer, A., Hjort, C., Hillenbrand, C.D. & Evans, J. 2009. Mechanisms of Holocene palaeoenvironmental change in the Antarctic Peninsula Region. Holocene, 19, 5169.
Björck, S., Håkansson, H., Olsson, S., Barnekow, L. & Janssens, J. 1993. Palaeoclimatic studies in South Shetland Islands, Antarctica, based on numerous stratigraphic variables in lake sediments. Journal of Paleolimnology, 8, 233272.
Björck, S., Håkansson, H., Zale, R., Karlén, W. & Jönsson, B.L. 1991. A late Holocene lake sediment sequence from Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands, with palaeoclimatic implications. Antarctic Science, 3, 6172.
Björck, S., Olsson, S., Ellis-Evans, C., Håkansson, H., Humlum, O. & deLirio, J.M. 1996. Late Holocene palaeoclimatic records from lake sediments on James Ross Island, Antarctica. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 121, 195220.
Bloemendal, J. 1983. Paleoenvironmental implications of the magnetic characteristics of sediments from deep-sea drilling project site-514, southeast argentine basin. Initial Reports of the Deep-Sea Drilling Project, 71, 10971108.
Brachfeld, S.A., Banerjee, S.K., Guyodo, Y. & Acton, G.D. 2002. A 13 200 year history of century to millennial-scale paleoenvironmental change magnetically recorded in the Palmer Deep, western Antarctic Peninsula. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 194, 311326.
Chen, Z.Y., Chen, Z.L. & Zhang, W.G. 1997. Quaternary stratigraphy and trace-element indices of the Yangtze Delta, eastern China, with special reference to marine transgressions. Quaternary Research, 47, 181191.
Chu, Z.D., Sun, L.G., Huang, W., Huang, T. & Zhou, X. 2016. On selecting bulk fjord sediment samples for radiocarbon dating in Fildes Peninsula, Antarctica. Quaternary International, 425, 173182.
Ciais, P., Jollzel, J., Petit, J.R., Lipenkov, V. & White, J.W.C. 1994. Holocene temperature variations inferred from six Antarctic ice cores. Annals of Glaciology, 20, 427436.
Domack, E.W. & Williams, C.R. 1990. Fine structure and suspended sediment transport in three Antarctic fjords. Antarctic Research Series, 50, 7189.
Heiri, O., Lotter, A.F. & Lemcke, G. 2001. Loss on ignition as a method for estimating organic and carbonate content in sediments: reproducibility and comparability of results. Journal of Paleolimnology, 25, 101110.
Hjort, C., Ingólfsson, Ó., Möller, P. & Lirio, J.M. 1997. Holocene glacial history and sea-level changes on James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Journal of Quaternary Science, 12, 259273.
Jones, V.J., Hodgson, D.A. & Chepstow-Lusty, A. 2000. Palaeolimnological evidence for marked Holocene environmental changes on Signy Island, Antarctica. Holocene, 10, 4360.
Kirby, M.E., Domack, E.W. & McClennen, C.E. 1998. Magnetic stratigraphy and sedimentology of Holocene glacial marine deposits in the Palmer Deep, Bellingshausen Sea, Antarctica: implications for climate change? Marine Geology, 152, 247259.
Liu, X.D., Zhao, S.P., Sun, L.G., Luo, H.H., Yin, X.B., Xie, Z.Q., Wang, Y.H., Liu, K.X., Wu, X.H., Ding, X.F. & Fu, D.P. 2006. Geochemical evidence for the variation of historical seabird population on Dongdao Island of the South China Sea. Journal of Paleolimnology, 36, 259279.
Majewski, W., Wellner, J.S., Szczuciński, W. & Anderson, J.B. 2012. Holocene oceanographic and glacial changes recorded in Maxwell Bay, West Antarctica. Marine Geology, 326, 6779.
Mäusbacher, R., Muller, J. & Schmidt, R. 1989. Evolution of postglacial sedimentation in Antarctic lakes (King-George-Island). Zeitschrift Fur Geomorphologie, 33, 219234.
McLaren, P. & Bowles, D. 1985. The effects of sediment transport on grain-size distributions. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 55, 457470.
Michalchuk, B.R., Anderson, J.B., Wellner, J.S., Manley, P.L., Majewski, W. & Bohaty, S. 2009. Holocene climate and glacial history of the northeastern Antarctic Peninsula: the marine sedimentary record from a long SHALDRIL core. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28, 30493065.
Milliken, K.T., Anderson, J.B., Wellner, J.S., Bohaty, S.M. & Manley, P.L. 2009. High-resolution Holocene climate record from Maxwell Bay, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 121, 17111725.
Minzoni, R.T., Anderson, J.B., Fernandez, R. & Wellner, J.S. 2015. Marine record of Holocene climate, ocean, and cryosphere interactions: Herbert Sound, James Ross Island, Antarctica. Quaternary Science Reviews, 129, 239259.
Rosqvist, G.C. & Schuber, P. 2003. Millennial-scale climate changes on South Georgia, Southern Ocean. Quaternary Research, 59, 470475.
Schmidt, R., Mäusbacher, R. & Müller, J. 1990. Holocene diatom flora and stratigraphy from sediment cores of two Antarctic lakes (King George Island). Journal of Paleolimnology, 3, 5574.
Shevenell, A.E., Domack, E.W. & Kernan, G.M. 1996. Record of Holocene palaeoclimate change along the Antarctic Peninsula: evidence from glacial marine sediments, Lallemand Fjord. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 130, 55–64.
Simms, A.R., DeWitt, R., Kouremenos, P. & Drewry, A.M. 2011a. A new approach to reconstructing sea levels in Antarctica using optically stimulated luminescence of cobble surfaces. Quaternary Geochronology, 6, 5060.
Simms, A.R., Milliken, K.T., Anderson, J.B. & Wellner, J.S. 2011b. The marine record of deglaciation of the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica since the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 15831601.
Smith, L.M. & Andrews, J.T. 2000. Sediment characteristics in iceberg dominated fjords, Kangerlussuaq region, East Greenland. Sedimentary Geology, 130, 1125.
Sun, L.G., Liu, X.D., Yin, X.B., Xie, Z.Q. & Zhao, J.L. 2005. Sediments in palaeo-notches: potential proxy records for palaeoclimatic changes in Antarctica. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 218, 175193.
Sun, L.G., Liu, X.D., Yin, X.B., Zhu, R.B., Xie, Z.Q. & Wang, Y.H. 2004. A 1,500-year record of Antarctic seal populations in response to climate change. Polar Biology, 27, 495501.
Syvitski, J.P.M., Burrell, D.C. & Skei, J.M. 2012. Fjords: processes and products. New York, NY: Springer, 215 pp.
Tatur, A., del Valle, R., Barczuk, A. & Martinez-Macchiavello, J. 2004. Records of Holocene environmental changes in terrestrial sedimentary deposits on King George Island, Antarctica: a critical review. Ocean and Polar Research, 26, 531537.
Thiry, M. 2000. Palaeoclimatic interpretation of clay minerals in marine deposits: an outlook from the continental origin. Earth-Science Reviews, 49, 201221.
Udden, J.A. 1914. Mechanical composition of clastic sediments. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 25, 655744.
Watcham, E.P., Bentley, M.J., Hodgson, D.A., Roberts, S.J., Fretwell, P.T., Lloyd, J.M., Larter, R.D., Whitehouse, P.L., Leng, M.J., Monien, P. & Moreton, S.G. 2011. A new Holocene relative sea level curve for the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 31523170.
Wentworth, C.K. 1922. A scale of grade and class terms for clastic sediments. Journal of Geology, 30, 377392.
Yan, Q. & Xu, S. 1987. Recent Yangtze Delta deposits. Shanghai: East China Normal University Press, 6875.
Yoon, H.I., Park, B.-K., Kim, Y. & Kim, D. 2000. Glaciomarine sedimentation and its paleoceanographic implications along the fjord margins in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica during the last 6000 years. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 157, 189211.
Zhou, X., Sun, L.G., Huang, W., Cheng, W.H. & Jia, N. 2012. Precipitation in the Yellow River drainage basin and East Asian monsoon strength on a decadal time scale. Quaternary Research, 78, 486491.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antarctic Science
  • ISSN: 0954-1020
  • EISSN: 1365-2079
  • URL: /core/journals/antarctic-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed