Adamson, E., Adamson, H. & Seppelt, R. 1994. Cement dust contamination of Ceratodon purpureus at Casey, East Antarctica: damage and capacity for recovery. Journal of Bryology, 18, 127–137.
Agnew, D.J. 2004. Fishing south – the history and management of South Georgia fisheries. St. Albans: Penna Press, 123 pp.
Agnew, D., Pearce, J., Peatman, T., Pitcher, T.J. & Pramod, G. 2008. The global extent of illegal fishing. London: MRAG, 32 pp.
Ainley, D.G. & Blight, L.K. 2008. Ecological repercussions of historical fish extraction from the Southern Ocean. Fish & Fisheries, 10.1111/j.1467-2979.2008.00293.x.
Ainley, D.G., Ballard, G., Ackley, S., Blight, L.K., Eastman, J.T., Emslie, S.D., Lescroël, A., Olmastroni, S., Townsend, S.E., Tynan, C.T., Wilson, P. & Woehler, E. 2007. Paradigm lost, or, is top-down forcing no longer significant in the Antarctic marine ecosystem? Antarctic Science, 19, 283–290.
Aislabie, J., Fraser, R., Duncan, S. & Farrell, R.L. 2001. Effects of oil spills on microbial heterotrophs in Antarctic soils. Polar Biology, 24, 308–313.
Aislabie, J.M., Balks, M.R., Foght, J.M. & Waterhouse, E.J. 2004. Hydrocarbon spills on Antarctic soils: effects and management. Environmental Science and Technology, 38, 1265–1274.
Alonzo, S.H., Switzer, P.V. & Mangel, M. 2003. An ecosystem-based approach to management: using individual behavior to predict the indirect effects of Antarctic krill fisheries on penguin foraging. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 692–702.
ASOC (Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition). 2004. Environmental reports of Fildes Peninsula, 1988–1997: benchmarks for environmental management. Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition report, December 2004, 15 pp.
ATS (Antarctic Treaty Secretariat). 1994. Recommendation XVIII-1: guidelines for tourism. Final Report of the eighteenth Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingKyoto11–22 April 1994.
ATS (Antarctic Treaty Secretariat). 2008a. Resolution 2 (2008): site guidelines for visitors. Final Report of the XXXI Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingKiev2–13 June 2008.
ATS (Antarctic Treaty Secretariat). 2008b. Final report of XXX Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingNew Delhi30 April–11 May 2007.
Australia. 2005. Scott Base and McMurdo Station: report of an inspection under Article VII of the Antarctic Treaty and Article 14 of the Protocol on Environmental Protection. June 2005. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australia. Working Paper 16 for XXVIII Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingStockholm6–17 June 2005.
Azmi, O.R. & Seppelt, R.D. 1998. The broad-scale distribution of microfungi in the Windmill Islands region, Antarctica. Polar Biology, 19, 92–100.
Baker, C.S. & Clapham, P.J. 2002. Marine mammal exploitation: whales and whaling. In Douglas, I., ed. Encyclopaedia of global environmental change: vol. 3. Causes and consequences of global environmental change. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 446–450.
Baker, G., Tow, L.A. & Cowan, D.A. 2003. Detection of non-indigenous micro-organisms in ‘pristine’ environments. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 53, 157–164.
Ballance, L., Pitman, R.L., Hewitt, R.P., Siniff, D.B., Trivelpiece, W.Z., Clapham, P.J. & Brownell, R.L. Jr, 2006. The removal of large whales from the Southern Ocean: evidence for long-term ecosystem effects? In Estes, J.A., Demaster, D.P., Doak, D.F., Williams, T.E. & Brownell, R.L. Jr, eds. Whales, whaling and ocean ecosystems. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 215–230.
Ballard, G., Ainley, D.G., Ribic, C.A. & Barton, K.R. 2001. Effect of instrument attachment on foraging trip duration and nesting success of Adélie penguins. Condor, 103, 481–490.
Bargagli, R. 2005. Antarctic ecosystems: environmental contamination, climate change, and human impact. Berlin: Springer, 395 pp.
Barnes, D.K.A., Hodgson, D.A., Convey, P., Allen, C.S. & Clarke, A. 2006. Incursion and excursion of Antarctic biota: past, present and future. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15, 121–142.
Barrera-Oro, E.R. & Marschoff, E. 2007. Information on the status of fjord Notothenia rossii, Gobionotothem gibberifrons and Notothenia coriiceps in the lower South Shetland Islands, derived from 2000–2006 monitoring program at Potter cove. CCAMLR Science, 14, 83–86.
BAS (British Antarctic Survey). 2004. Antarctica, 1: 10 000 000 scale map. BAS (Misc) 11. Cambridge: British Antarctic Survey.
Bastmeijer, C.J. & Roura, R. 2004. Regulating Antarctic tourism and the precautionary principle. American Journal of International Law, 98, 763–781.
Bastmeijer, C.J. & Roura, R. 2007. Environmental impact assessment in Antarctica. In Bastmeijer, C.J. & Koivurova, T., eds. Theory and practice of transboundary environmental impact assessment. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 175–219.
Bertram, E. 2007. Antarctic ship-borne tourism: an expanding industry. In Snyder, J.M. & Stonehouse, B., eds. Prospects for polar tourism. Wallingford: CABI International, 149–169.
Bergstrom, D.M. & Chown, S.L. 1999. Life at the front: history, ecology and change on southern ocean islands. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 14, 472–476.
Bergstrom, D.M., Convey, P. & Huiskes, A.H.L. 2006. Trends in Antarctic terrestrial and limnetic ecosystems: Antarctica as a global indicator. Dordrecht: Springer, 365 pp.
Beyer, L. & Bölter, M. 2002. Geoecology of Antarctic ice free coastal landscapes. Berlin: Springer, 463 pp.
Black, A. 2005. Light induced seabird mortality on vessels operating in the Southern Ocean: incidents and mitigation measures. Antarctic Science, 17, 67–68.
Blanchette, R., Held, B.W., Jurgens, J.A., Aislabie, J., Duncan, S. & Farrell, R.L. 2004. Environmental pollutants from the Scott and Shackleton expeditions during the “Heroic Age” of Antarctic exploration. Polar Record, 40, 143–151.
Boenigk, J., Pfandl, K., Garstecki, T., Harms, H., Novarino, G. & Chatzinotas, A. 2006. Evidence for geographic isolation and signs of endemism within a protistan morphospecies. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 72, 5159–5164.
Bricher, P.K., Lucieer, A. & Woehler, E.J. 2008. Population trends of Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) breeding colonies: a spatial analysis of the effects of snow accumulation and human activities. Polar Biology, 10.1007/s00300-008-0479-z.
Broady, P.A. 1996. Diversity, distribution and dispersal of Antarctic terrestrial algae. Biodiversity and Conservation, 5, 1307–1335.
Brown, C.R. & Adams, N.J. 1983. The effect of underwater explosions on rockhopper penguins Eudyptes chrysocome. Cormorant, 11, 68.
Bugoni, L., Neves, T.S., Leite, N.O. Jr, Carvalho, D., Sales, G., Furness, R.W., Stein, C.E., Peppes, F.V., Giffoni, B.B. & Monteiro, D.S. 2007. Potential bycatch of seabirds and turtles in hook-and-line fisheries of the Itaipava fleet, Brazil. Fisheries Research, 90, 217–224.
Burger, J. & Gochfeld, M. 2007. Responses of emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) to encounters with ecotourists while commuting to and from their breeding colony. Polar Biology, 30, 1303–1313.
Burton, H. & van den Hoff, J. 2002. Humans and the southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina. Australian Mammalogy, 24, 127–139.
Campbell, I.B., Claridge, G.G.C. & Balks, M.R. 1998. Short and long-term impacts of human disturbance on snow-free surfaces in Antarctica. Polar Record, 34, 15–24.
Carlini, A.R., Coria, N.R., Santos, M.M., Libertelli, M.M. & Donini, G. 2007. Breeding success and population trends in Adélie Penguins in areas with low and high levels of human disturbance. Polar Biology, 30, 917–924.
CCAMLR. 1990. Statistical bulletin, Vol. 1 (1970–1979). Hobart: CCAMLR, 61 pp.
CCAMLR. 2002. Report of the Twenty-first Meeting of the Scientific Committee. Hobart: CCAMLR, 524 pp, paragraph 5.19.
CCAMLR. 2003. Report of the Twenty-second Meeting of the Scientific Committee. Hobart: CCAMLR, 524 pp.
CCAMLR. 2005. CCAMLR symposium. 5–8 April 2005. Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile. Volume 1: Report of the Chairs, Chile and Australia. Kingston: Australian Antarctic Division, 32 pp.
CCAMLR. 2007. Report of the Twenty-sixth Meeting of the Scientific Committee. Hobart: CCAMLR, 702 pp.
CCAMLR Performance Review Panel. 2008. Report of the CCAMLR performance review panel. Hobart: CCAMLR, 180 pp.
Chapman, P.M. & Riddle, M.J. 2005. Toxic effects of contaminants in polar marine environments. Environmental Science & Technology, 39, 200A–207A.
Chapman, P.M., McDonald, B.G., Kickham, P.E. & McKinnon, S. 2006. Global geographic differences in marine metals toxicity. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 52, 1081–1084.
Chen, J. & Blume, H.-P. 1997. Impact of human activities on the terrestrial ecosystem of Antarctica: a review. Polarforschung, 65, 83–92.
Chown, S.L. & Convey, P. 2007. Spatial and temporal variability across life's hierarchies in the terrestrial Antarctic. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B362, 2307–2331.
Clarke, A. 2003, Evolution, adaptation and diversity: global ecology in an Antarctic context. In Huiskes, A.H.L, Gieskes, W.W.C., Rozema, J., Schorno, R.M.L., Van Der Vries, S.M. & Wolff, W.J., eds. Antarctic biology in a global context. Leiden: Backhuys, 3–17.
Clarke, A. & Harris, C.M. 2003. Polar marine ecosystems: major threats and future change. Environmental Conservation, 30, 1–25.
Clarke, A., Barnes, D.K.A. & Hodgson, D.A. 2005. How isolated is Antarctica? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 20, 1–3.
Clarke, J. & Kerry, K. 1998. Implanted transponders in penguins: implantation, reliability, and long term effects. Journal of Field Ornithology, 69, 149–159.
Clayton, M.N., Wiencke, C. & Klöser, H. 1997. New records and sub-Antarctic marine benthic macroalgae from Antarctica. Polar Biology, 17, 141–149.
Cobley, N.D. & Shears, J.R. 1999. Breeding performance of gentoo penguins (Pygoscelis papua) at a colony exposed to high levels of human disturbance. Polar Biology, 21, 355–360.
COMNAP (Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs). 1999. An assessment of environmental emergencies arising from activities in Antarctica. Working Paper 16 for XXIII Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingLima24 May–4 June 1999.
Conlan, K.E., Rau, G.H. & Kvitek, R.G. 2006. delta C-13 and delta N-15 shifts in benthic invertebrates exposed to sewage from McMurdo Station, Antarctica. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 52, 1695–1707.
Conlan, K.E., Kim, S.L., Lenihan, H.S. & Oliver, J.S. 2004. Benthic changes during 10 years of organic enrichment by McMurdo Station, Antarctica. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 49, 43–60.
Connor, M.A. 2008. Wastewater treatment in Antarctica. Polar Record, 44, 165–171.
Constable, A.J. 2001. The ecosystem approach to managing fisheries: achieving conservation objectives for predators of fished species. CCAMLR Science, 8, 37–64.
Constable, A.J. 2002. CCAMLR ecosystem monitoring and management: future work. CCAMLR Science, 9, 233–253.
Constable, A.J. 2004. Managing fisheries effects on marine food webs in Antarctica: trade-offs among harvest strategies, monitoring, and assessment in achieving conservation objectives. Bulletin of Marine Science, 74, 583–605.
Convey, P. 1996. The influence of environmental characteristics on the life history attributes of Antarctic terrestrial biota. Biological Reviews, 71, 191–225.
Convey, P. 2006. Antarctic climate change and its influences on terrestrial ecosystems. In Bergstrom, D.B., Convey, P. & Huiskes, A.H.L., eds. Trends in Antarctic terrestrial and limnetic ecosystems. Antarctica as a global indicator. Dordrecht: Springer, 253–272.
Convey, P. 2007. Antarctic ecosystems. In Levin, S.A., ed. Encyclopedia of biodiversity, 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Elsevier, 10.1016/B0-12-226865-2/00014-6.
Convey, P. 2008. Non-native species in Antarctic terrestrial and freshwater environments: presence, sources, impacts and predictions. In Rogan-Finnemore, M., ed. Non-native species in the Antarctic: Proceedings. Christchurch: Gateway Antarctica, 97–130.
Convey, P. & Block, W. 1996. Antarctic dipterans: ecology, physiology and distribution. European Journal of Entomology, 93, 1–13.
Convey, P. & McInnes, S.J. 2005. Exceptional, tardigrade dominated, ecosystems from Ellsworth Land, Antarctica. Ecology, 86, 519–527.
Convey, P. & Stevens, M.I. 2007. Antarctic biodiversity. Science, 317, 1877–1878.
Convey, P., Barnes, D.K.A. & Morton, A. 2002. Artefact accumulation on Antarctic oceanic island shores. Polar Biology, 25, 612–617.
Convey, P., Greenslade, P. & Pugh, P.J.A. 2000a. Terrestrial fauna of the South Sandwich Islands. Journal of Natural History, 34, 597–609.
Convey, P., Frenot, F., Gremmen, N. & Bergstrom, D. 2006. Biological invasions. In Bergstrom, D.B., Convey, P. & Huiskes, A.H.L., eds. Trends in Antarctic terrestrial and limnetic ecosystems. Antarctica as a global indicator. Dordrecht: Springer, 193–220.
Convey, P., Smith, R.I.L., Peat, H.J. & Pugh, P.J.A. 2000b. The terrestrial biota of Charcot Island, eastern Bellingshausen Sea, Antarctica an example of extreme isolation. Antarctic Science, 12, 406–413.
Convey, P., Gibson, J., Hillenbrand, C.-D., Hodgson, D.A., Pugh, P.J.A., Smellie, J.L. & Stevens, M.I. 2008. Antarctic terrestrial life - challenging the history of the frozen continent? Biological Reviews, 10.1111/j.1469-185X.2008.00034.x
Cooney, R. & Dickson, B. 2005. Biodiversity and the precautionary principle: risk and uncertainty in conservation and sustainable use. London: Earthscan, 314 pp.
Crockett, A.B. & White, G.J. 2003. Mapping sediment contamination and toxicity in Winter Quarters Bay, McMurdo Station, Antarctica. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 85, 257–275.
Croxall, J.P. & Nicol, S. 2004. Management of Southern Ocean fisheries: global forces and future sustainability. Antarctic Science, 16, 569–584.
Croxall, J.P., Rivera, K. & Moreno, C.A. 2007. Seabird by-catch mitigation: the southern Ocean (CCAMLR) experience, chapter 8. In Kennelly, S.J., ed. By-catch reduction in the world's fisheries. New York: Springer, 271–281.
Croxall, J.P., Prince, P.A., Rothery, P. & Wood, A.G. 1998. Population changes in albatross at South Georgia. In Robertson, G. & Gales, R., eds. The albatross: their biology and conservation. Chipping Norton: Surrey Beatty & Sons, 69–83.
Crumrine, K.Z. 1992. Surface remediation at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. Proceedings of the fifth symposium on Antarctic logistics and operationsSan Carlos de Bariloche, Republica Argentina8–10 June, 1992, 41–60.
Daskalov, G.M., Grishin, A.N., Rodionov, S. & Mihneva, V. 2007. Trophic cascades triggered by overfishing reveal possible mechanisms of ecosystem regime shifts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104, 10518–10523.
de Leeuw, C. 1994. Tourism in Antarctica and its impact on vegetation. PhD thesis, Groningen: Arctic Centre, University of Groningen. [Unpublished].
Delille, D. & Delille, E. 2000. Distribution of enteric bacteria in Antarctic seawater surrounding the Dumont d'Urville permanent station (Adélie Land). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40, 869–872.
Delille, D., Coulon, F. & Pelletier, E. 2004. Biostimulation of natural microbial assemblages in oil-amended vegetated and desert sub-Antarctic soils. Microbial Ecology, 47, 407–415.
Delord, K., Gasco, N., Weimerskirch, H. & Barbraud, C. 2005. Seabird mortality in the Patagonian toothfish longline fishery around Crozet and Kerguelen islands, 2001–2003. CCAMLR Science, 12, 53–80.
de Poorter, M., Gilbert, N., Storey, B. & Rogan-Finnemore, M. 2006. Final report of the non-native species in the Antarctic workshop. Christchurch: Gateway Antarctica, 40 pp.
de Villiers, M. 2008. Review of recent research into the effects of human disturbance on wildlife in the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic region. In Human disturbance to wildlife in the broader Antarctic region: a review of findings. Appendix 1. Working Paper 12 for XXXI Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingKiev, Ukraine2–13 June 2008.
de Villiers, M., Bause, M., Giese, M. & Fourie, A. 2006. Hardly hard-hearted: heart rate responses of incubating northern giant petrels (Macronectes halli) to human disturbance on sub-Antarctic Marion Island. Polar Biology, 29, 717–720.
DeVries, A.L., Ainley, D.G. & Ballard, G. 2008. Decline of the Antarctic toothfish and its predators in McMurdo sound and the southern Ross Sea, and recommendations for restoration. CCAMLR Document, WG-EMM-08/xx. Hobart, TAS: CCAMLR.
Dózsa-Farkas, K. & Convey, P. 1997. Christensenia, a new enchytraeid genus from Antarctica. Polar Biology, 17, 482–486. [this paper subsequently modified – see Erratum, Polar Biology, 20, 292 (1998)].
Dugger, K.M., Ballard, G. Ainley, D.G. & Barton, K. 2006. Effects of flipper-bands on apparent survival and foraging behavior of Adélie penguins. The Auk, 123, 858–869.
Duhamel, G., Gasco, P. & Davaine, P. 2005. Poissons des Îles Kerguelen et Crozet. Guide Régional de l'Océan Austral. Paris: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 419 pp.
Edwards, D.D., McFeters, G.A. & Venkatsean, M.I. 1998. Distribution of Clostridium perfringens and fecal sterols in a benthic coastal marine environment influenced by the sewage outfall from McMurdo Station, Antarctica. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 64, 2596–2600.
Emslie, S.D. & Patterson, W.P. 2007. Abrupt recent shift in δ13 and δ15 N values in Adélie penguin eggshell in Antarctica. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104, 11 666–11 669.
Evans, C.W., Hills, J.M. & Dickson, J.M.J. 2000. Heavy metal pollution in Antarctica: a molecular ecotoxicological approach to exposure assessment. Journal of Fish Biology, 57, A8–A19.
Filler, D., Snape, I. & Barnes, D., eds. 2008. Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons in cold regions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 288 pp.
Fowler, G.S. 1999. Behavioral and hormonal responses of Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) to tourism and nest site visitation. Biological Conservation, 90, 143–149.
Fraser, W.R. & Patterson, D.L. 1997. Human disturbance and long-term changes in Adélie penguin populations: a natural experiment at Palmer Station, Antarctic Peninsula. In Battaglia, B., Valencia, J., Walton, D.W.H., eds. Antarctic communities: species, structure and survival. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 445–452.
Freckman, D.W. & Virginia, R.A. 1997, Low-diversity Antarctic soil nematode communities: distribution and response to disturbance. Ecology, 78, 363–369.
Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom, D. 2005. Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications. Biological Reviews, 80, 45–72.
Frenot, Y., Convey, P., Lebouvier, M., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P.M., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom, D.M. 2008. Antarctic biological invasions: sources, extents, impacts and implications. In Rogan-Finnemore, M., ed. Non-native species in the Antarctic: proceedings. Christchurch: Gateway Antarctica, 53–96.
Gasparon, M., Ehrler, K., Matschullat, J. & Melles, M. 2007. Temporal and spatial variability of geochemical backgrounds in the Windmill Islands, East Antarctica: implications for climatic changes and human impacts. Applied Geochemistry, 22, 888–905.
Gaston, K.J., Jones, A.G., Hänel, C. & Chown, S.L. 2003. Rates of species introduction to a remote oceanic island. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B270, 1091–1098.
Gauthier-Clerc, M., Gendner, J.-P., Ribic, C.A., Fraser, W.R., Woehler, E.J., Descamps, S., Gilly, C., Bohec, C.L. & Maho, Y.L. 2004. Long-term effects of flipper bands on penguins. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B271, S423–S426.
George, A.L. 2002. Seasonal factors affecting surfactant biodegradation in Antarctic coastal waters: comparison of a polluted and pristine site. Marine Environmental Research, 53, 403–415.
Giese, M. & Riddle, M. 1999. Disturbance of emperor penguin Aptenodytes forsteri chicks by helicopters. Polar Biology, 22, 366–371.
Goerke, H., Weber, K., Bornemann, H., Ramdohr, S. & Plotz, J. 2004. Increasing levels and biomagnification of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in Antarctic biota. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48, 295–302.
Gon, O. & Heemstra, P.C. 1990. Fishes of the Southern Ocean. Grahamstown: JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology, 462 pp.
Gore, D.B., Revill, A.T. & Guille, D. 1999. Petroleum hydrocarbons ten years after spillage at a helipad in Bunger Hills, East Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 11, 427–429.
Green, G., Skerratt, J.H., Leeming, R. & Nichols, P.D. 1992. Hydrocarbon and coprostanol levels in seawater, sea-ice algae and sediments near Davis Station in eastern Antarctica - a regional survey and preliminary-results for a field fuel spill experiment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 25, 293–302.
Greenslade, P. 1995. Collembola from the Scotia Arc and Antarctic Peninsula including descriptions of two new species and notes on biogeography. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 64, 305–319.
Greenslade, P. 2006. The invertebrates of Macquarie Island. Kingston: Australian Antarctic Division, xvi + 326 pp.
Greenslade, P. & Wise, K.A.J. 1984. Additions to the collembolan fauna of the Antarctic. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 108, 203–205.
Gregory, M.R. & Ryan, P.G. 1997. Pelagic plastics and other seaborne persistent synthetic debris: a review of Southern Hemisphere perspectives. In Coe, J.M. & Rogers, D.B., eds. Marine debris: sources, impacts and solutions. New York: Springer, 49–66.
Gremmen, N. & Smith, V. 2004. The flora of Marion and Prince Edward islands. Diever: Data Analyse Ecologie, CD-ROM.
Gremmen, N.J.M., Smith, V.R. & van Tongeren, O.F.R. 2003. Impact of trampling on the vegetation of subantarctic Marion Island. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 35, 442–446.
Gröndahl, F., Sidenmark, J. & Thomsen, A. 2008. Survey of waste water disposal practices at Antarctic research stations. Polar Research, 10.1111/j.1751-8369.2008.00056.x
Hale, R.C., Kim, S.L., Harvey, E., La Guardia, M.J., Mainor, T.M., Bush, E.O. & Jacobs, E.M. 2008. Antarctic research bases: local sources of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ether (PBDE) flame retardants. Environmental Science and Technology, 42, 1452–1457.
Halpern, B.S., Walbridge, S., Selkoe, K.A., Kappel, C.V., Micheli, F., D’Agrosa, C., Bruno, J.F., Casey, K.S., Ebert, C., Fox, H.E., Fujita, R., Heinemann, D., Lenihan, H.S., Madin, E.M.P., Perry, M.T., Selig, E.R., Spalding, M., Steneck, R. & Watson, R. 2008. A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems. Science, 319, 948–952.
Hansom, J.D. & Gordon, J.E. 1998. Antarctic environments and resources. Harlow: Longman, 402 pp.
Harris, C.M. 1991. Environmental management on King George Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Polar Record, 27, 313–324.
Harris, C.M. 2005. Aircraft operations near concentrations of birds in Antarctica: the development of practical guidelines. Biological Conservation, 125, 309–322.
Hee, J.H., Ahn, I.-Y., Lees, K.S., Chung, H. & Choi, H.-G. 2007. Vegetation of Barton Peninsula in the neighbourhood of King Sejong Station (King George Island, maritime Antarctica). Polar Biology, 30, 903–916.
Hemmings, A.D. 1997. Cumulative impact on Antarctic intrinsic, wilderness and aesthetic values. In de Poorter, M. & Dalziell, J.C., eds. Environmental impacts in Antarctica: minimisation and management. Proceedings of the IUCN Workshop 18–21 September 1996, Washington DC, 62–64.
Hemmings, A.D. & Roura, R. 2003. A square peg in a round hole: fitting impact assessment under the Antarctic Environmental Protocol to Antarctic tourism. Impact assessment and project appraisal, 21, 13–24.
Hernandez, J., Prado, V., Torres, D., Waldemstrom, J., Haemig, P.D. & Olsen, B. 2007. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) in Antarctic fur seals Arctocephalus gazella. Polar Biology, 30, 1227–1229.
Hofman, R. & Jatko, J. 2000. Assessment of the possible cumulative environmental impacts of commercial ship-based tourism in the Antarctic Peninsula Area. Proceedings of a workshop held in La Jolla, June 2000, National Science Foundation, Washington, 94 pp.
Hogg, I.D., Cary, S.C., Convey, P., Newsham, K.K., O’Donnell, T., Adams, B.J., Aislabie, J., Frati, F.F., Stevens, M.I. & Wall, D.H. 2006. Biotic interactions in Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems: are they a factor? Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38, 3035–3040.
Holmes, N. 2007. Comparing king, gentoo, and royal penguin responses to pedestrian visitation. Journal of Wildlife Management, 71, 2575–2582.
Holmes, N.D., Giese, M. & Kriwoken, L.K. 2008. Linking variation in penguin responses to pedestrian activity for best practise management on subantarctic Macquarie Island. Polarforschung, 77, 7–15
Howington, J.P., McFeters, G.A., Barry, J.P. & Smith, J.J. 1992. Distribution of McMurdo Station sewage plume. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 25, 324–327.
Hughes, K.A. 2003a. Influence of seasonal environmental variables on the distribution of presumptive fecal coliforms around an Antarctic research station. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69, 4884–4891.
Hughes, K.A. 2003b. Aerial dispersal and survival of sewage-derived faecal coliforms in Antarctica. Atmospheric Environment, 37, 3147–3155.
Hughes, K.A. 2004. Reducing sewage pollution in the Antarctic marine environment using a sewage treatment plant. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 49, 850–853.
Hughes, K.A. 2005. Effect of Antarctic solar radiation on sewage bacteria viability. Water Research, 39, 2237–2244.
Hughes, K.A. 2006. Bird Island path survey. Cambridge: British Antarctic Survey, Internal report, 53 pp.
Hughes, K.A. & Blenkharn, N. 2003. A simple method to reduce discharge of sewage microorganisms from an Antarctic research station. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46, 353–357.
Hughes, K.A. & Nobbs, S.J. 2004. Long-term survival of human faecal microorganisms on the Antarctic Peninsula. Antarctic Science, 16, 293–297.
Hughes, K.A. & Thompson, A. 2004. Distribution of sewage pollution around a maritime Antarctic research station indicated by faecal coliforms, Clostridium perfringens and faecal sterol markers. Environmental Pollution, 127, 315–321.
Hughes, K., Ott, S., Bölter, M. & Convey, P. 2006. Colonisation processes. In Bergstrom, D.B., Convey, P. & Huiskes, A.H.L., eds. Trends in Antarctic terrestrial and limnetic ecosystems. Antarctica as a global indicator. Dordrecht: Springer, 35–54.
Hughes, K.A., Walsh, S., Convey, P., Richards, S. & Bergstrom, D.M. 2005. Alien fly populations established at two Antarctic research stations. Polar Biology, 28, 568–570.
Hughes, K.A., Waluda, C.M., Stone, R.E., Ridout, M.S. & Shears, J.R. 2008. Short-term responses of king penguins Aptenodytes patagonicus to helicopter disturbance at South Georgia. Polar Biology, 10.1007/s00300-008-0492-2
Huiskes, A.H.L., Bergstrom, D.B. & Convey, P. 2006. Trends in Antarctic terrestrial and limnetic ecosystems. Antarctica as a global indicator. In Bergstrom, D.B., Convey, P. & Huiskes, A.H.L., eds. Trends in Antarctic terrestrial and limnetic ecosystems. Antarctica as a global indicator. Dordrecht: Springer, 1–15.
IAATO (International Association for Antarctic Tour Operations). 2007. Report of the International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators 2006–2007. Information Paper 134 for XXX Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingNew Delhi30 April–11 May 2007.
IAATO (International Association for Antarctic Tour Operations). 2008. IAATO overview of Antarctic tourism 2007–2008 Antarctic season and preliminary estimates for 2008–2009 Antarctic season. Information Paper 85 for XXXI Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingKiev2–13 June 2008.
Jackson, S. & Wilson, R.P. 2002. The potential costs of flipper-bands to penguins. Functional Ecology, 16, 141–148.
Japan. 1996. A grass (seed plant) found in Syowa Station area, East Antarctica. Information Paper 66 for XX Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingUtrecht29 April–10 May 1996.
Jones, C.D., Kock, K.-H. & Balguerías, E. 2000. Changes in bioamass of eight species of finfish around the South Orkney Islands (subarea 48.2) from three bottom trawl surveys. CCAMLR Science, 7, 53–74.
Jouventin, P. & Weimerskirch, H. 1990. Longterm changes in seabirds and seal population in the Southern Ocean. In Kerry, K.R. & Hempel, G., eds. Antarctic ecosystems: ecological change and conservation. Berlin: Springer, 208–213.
Jouventin, P., Stahl, J.C., Weimerskirch, H. & Mougin, J.L. 1984. The seabirds of the French subantarctic islands and Adélie Land: their status and conservation. In Croxall, J.P., Evans, P.G.H. & Schreiber, R.W., eds. Status and conservation of the world's seabirds. International Council for Bird Preservation Technical Publication No. 2. Cambridge: ICBP, 609–625.
Kennicutt, M.C. 2003. Spatial and temporal scales of human disturbance: McMurdo Station, Antarctica. Final Report. Austin, TX: Geochemical and Environmental Research Group and Department of Geography, College of Geosciences, Texas A&M University and Marine Science Institute, 184 pp.
Kennicutt, M.C., Sweet, S.T., Fraser, W.R., Stochton, W.L. & Culver, M. 1991. Grounding of the Bahia Paraiso at Arthur Harbor, Antarctica. 1. Distribution and fate of oil spill related hydrocarbons. Environmental Science and Technology, 25, 509–518.
Kerry, K., Riddle, M. & Clarke, J. 1999. Diseases of Antarctic wildlife. A Report for The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) and The Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs (COMNAP), 104pp.
Keys, H. 1999. Towards additional protection of Antarctic wilderness areas. Information Paper 80 for XXXII Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingLima24 May–4 June 1999.
Kim, S.L., Thurber, A., Hammerstrom, K. & Conlan, K. 2007. Seastar response to organic enrichment in an oligotrophic polar habitat. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 346, 66–75.
King, C.K. & Riddle, M.J. 2001. Effects of metal contaminants on the development of the common Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri and comparisons with tropical and temperate echinoids. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 215, 143–154.
Kock, K.-H. 1992. Antarctic fish and fisheries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 359 pp.
Kock, K.-H. 1998. Changes in the fish biomass around Elephant Island (subarea 48.1) from 1976 to 1996. CCAMLR Science, 5, 165–189.
Kock, K.-H., Belchier, M. & Jones, C.D. 2004. Is the attempt to estimate the biomass of Antarctic fish from a multi-species survey appropriate for all targeted species? Notothenia rossii in the Atlantic Ocean sector revisited. CCAMLR Science, 11, 141–153.
Kock, K.-H., Purves, M.G. & Duhamel, G. 2006. Interactions between cetacean and fisheries in the Southern Ocean. Polar Biology, 29, 379–388.
Kock, K.-H., Reid, K., Croxall, J. & Nicol, S. 2007. Fisheries in the Southern Ocean: an ecosystem approach. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, B362, 2333–2349.
Kohnen, H. & Lukin, V. 1998. Dismantling of Georg Forster Station and clean-up of the eastern Schirmacher Oasis. In Hall, J., ed. Proceedings of 7th Symposium on Antarctic logistics and operations. Cambridge: British Antarctic Survey, 289–295.
Knox, G.A. 2006. The biology of the Southern Ocean, 2nd ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC, 640 pp.
Kremser, U., Klemm, P. & Kötz, W.-D. 2005. Estimating the risk of temporary acoustic threshold shift, caused by hydroacoustic devices, in whales in the Southern Ocean. Antarctic Science, 17, 3–10.
Kriwoken, L.K. & Rootes, D. 2000. Tourism on ice: environmental impact assessment of Antarctic tourism. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 18, 138–150.
Lawley, B., Ripley, S., Bridge, P. & Convey, P. 2004. Molecular analysis of geographic patterns of eukaryotic diversity in Antarctic soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70, 5963–5972.
Laws, R.M. 1994. History and present status of southern elephant seal populations. In LeBoeuf, B.J. & Laws, R.M., eds. Elephant seals: population ecology, behaviour, and physiology. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 49–65.
Lee, J.E. & Chown, S.L. 2007. Mytilus on the move: transport of an invasive bivalve o the Antarctic. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 339, 307–310.
Lenihan, H.S., Kiest, K.A., Conlan, K.E., Slattery, P.N., Konar, B.H. & Oliver, J.S. 1995. Patterns of survival and behaviour in Antarctic benthic invertebrates exposed to contaminated sediments: field and laboratory bioassay experiments. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 192, 233–255.
Lewis, P.N., Bergstrom, D.M. & Whinam, J. 2006. Barging in: a temperate marine community travels to the Subantarctic. Biological Invasions, 8, 787–795.
Lewis, P.N., Riddle, M.J. & Smith, S.D.A. 2005. Assisted passage or passive drift: a comparison of alternative transport mechanisms for non-indigenous coastal species into the Southern Ocean. Antarctic Science, 17, 183–191.
Lewis, P.N., Hewitt, C.L., Riddle, M.J. & McMinn, A. 2003. Marine introductions in the Southern Ocean: an unrecognised hazard to biodiversity. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46, 213–223.
Lisle, J.T., Smith, J.J., Edwards, D.D. & McFeters, G.A. 2004. Occurrence of microbial indicators and Clostridium perfringens in wastewater, water column samples, sediments, drinking water, and Weddell Seal feces collected at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70, 7269–7276.
Lohan, M.C., Statham, P.J. & Peck, L. 2001. Trace metals in the Antarctic soft-shelled clam Laternula elliptica: implications for metal pollution from Antarctic research stations. Polar Biology, 24, 808–817.
Martin, J., de Neve, L., Fargallo, J.A., Polo, V. & Soler, M. 2004. Factors affecting the escape behaviour of juvenile chinstrap penguins, Pygoscelis antarctica, in response to human disturbance. Polar Biology, 27, 775–781.
Martins, C.C., Venkatesan, M.I. & Montone, R.C. 2002. Sterols and linear alkylbenzenes in marine sediments from Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands. Antarctic Science, 14, 244–252.
Martins, C.C., Bicego, M.C., Taniguchi, S. & Montone, R.C. 2004. Aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments in Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 16, 117–122.
McClintock, J., Ducklow, H. & Fraser, W. 2008. Ecological responses to climate change on the Antarctic Peninsula. American Scientist, 96, 302.
McDonald, I.R. & Murrell, J.C. 1997. The methanol dehydrogenase structural gene mxaF and its use as a functional gene probe for methanotrophs and methylotrophs. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 63, 3218–3224.
McIntyre, C.P., Harvey, P.M., Ferguson, S., Wressnig, A.M., Snape, I. & George, S.C. 2007. Determining the extent of weathering of spilled fuel in contaminated soil using the diastereomers of pristane and phytane. Organic Geochemistry, 38, 2131–2134.
Micol, T. & Jouventin, P. 2001. Long-term population trends in seven Antarctic seabirds at Pointe Géologie (Terre Adélie): human impact compared with environmental change. Polar Biology, 24, 175–185.
Moreno, C.A. 1995. By-catch of juvenile fishes in the Antarctic krill fishery. UBC Fisheries Centre Research Reports, 3, 26–34.
Morris, C.E., George, J., Tate, P.M. & Cathers, B. 2000. Impacts of wastewater discharge to the Antarctic marine environment. In Hughson, T. & Ruckstuhl, C., eds. Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Cold Region Development, Hobart, 155–158.
Muller-Schwarze, D. 1984. Possible human impact on penguin populations in the Antarctic Peninsula area. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 19, 158–159.
Myers, R.A. & Worm, B. 2003. Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities. Nature, 423, 280–283.
Naveen, R. 2003. Compendium of Antarctic Peninsula Visitor Sites, 2nd ed. A Report to the United States Environmental Protection Agency. US Environmental Protection Agency.
Naveen, R. 2004. Indicators of cumulative impacts on bird and plant populations: approaches taken by the Antarctic Site Inventory. In Practical Biological Indicators of Human Impacts in Antarctica. SCAR/NSF/COMNAP Workshop, Bryan/College Station, TX, 16–18 March 2005, 8 pp.
Negri, A., Burns, K., Boyle, S., Brinkman, D. & Webster, N. 2006. Contamination in sediments, bivalves and sponges of McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Environmental Pollution, 143, 456–467.
Negri, A.P., Hales, L.T., Battershill, C., Wolff, C. & Webster, N.S. 2004. TBT contamination identified in Antarctic marine sediments. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48, 1142–1144.
Nel, D.C., Ryan, P.G. & Watkins, B.P. 2002. Seabird mortality in the Patagonian toothfish longline fishery around the Prince Edward Islands, 1996–2000. Antarctic Science, 14, 151–161.
Nicol, S. & Endo, Y. 1997. Krill fisheries of the world. Rome: FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 367, 100 pp.
Nicol, S. & Foster, J. 2003. Recent trends in the fishery for Antarctic krill. Aquatic Living Resources, 16, 42–45.
Nicol, S., Croxall, J., Trathan, P., Gale, N. & Murphy, E. 2007. Paradigm misplaced? Antarctic marine ecosystems are affected by climate change as well as biological processes and harvesting. Antarctic Science, 19, 291–295.
Northcott, K.A., Snape, I., Scales, P.J. & Stevens, G.W. 2005. Dewatering behaviour of water treatment sludges associated with contaminated site remediation in Antarctica. Chemical Engineering Science, 60, 6835–6843.
Norway. 2001. Report of the Norwegian Antarctic Inspection under Article VII of the Antarctic Treaty and Article 14 of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, January 2001. Working Paper 25 for XXIV Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingSt Petersburg9–20 July 2001.
National Science Foundation/COMNAP/SCAR. 2005. Practical biological indicators of human impacts in Antarctica. Bryan, College Station, TX: Workshop Report, 16–18 March 2005. Vols 1 (24 pp) and 2 (15 pp).
O’Brien, J.S., Todd, J.J. & Kriwoken, L.K. 2004. Incineration of waste at Casey Station, Australian Antarctic Territory. Polar Record, 40, 221–234.
Ohtani, S., Suvama, K. & Kanda, H. 2000. Environmental monitoring by means of soil algae and microorganisms in the vicinity of Syowa Station. Nankyoku Shiryo (Antarctic Record), 44, 265–276.
Olech, M. 1996. Human impact on terrestrial ecosystems in West Antarctica. NIPR Symposium on Polar Biology, Proceedings, No. 9, 299–306.
Osterblöm, H., Casini, M., Olsson, O. & Bignert, A. 2006. Fish, seabirds and trophic cascades in the Baltic Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 323, 233–238.
Osterblöm, H., Hansson, S., Larsson, U., Hjerne, O., Wulff, F., Elmgren, R. & Folke, C. 2007. Human-induced trophic cascades and ecological regime shifts in the Baltic Sea. Ecosystems, 10, 877–889.
Otley, H. 2005. Nature-based tourism: experiences at the Volunteer Point penguin colony in the Falkland Islands. Marine Ornithology, 33, 181–187.
Pauly, D. & Maclean, J. 2003. In a perfect ocean: the state of fisheries and ecosystems in the North Atlantic Ocean. Washington, DC: Island Press, 175 pp.
Pauly, D. & Palomares, M.L. 2005. Fishing down marine food webs: it is far more pervasive than we thought. Bulletin of Marine Science, 76, 197–211.
Peat, H.J., Clarke, A. & Convey, P. 2007. Diversity and biogeography of the Antarctic flora. Journal of Biogeography, 34, 132–146.
Peter, H.-U., Buesser, C., Mustafa, O. & Pfeiffer, S. 2008. Risk assessment for the Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island, and development of management plans for their designation as Specially Protected or Specially Managed Areas. Dessau: German Environmental Agency, http://www.umweltdaten.de/publikationen/fpdf-l/3478.pdf
Pfeiffer, S. & Peter, H.-U. 2003. Umsetzung des Umweltschutzprotokoll-Ausführungsgesetzes (AUG), Teilvorhaben 3: Bestandsaufnahme und Managementpläne für zwei touristisch genutzte Gebiete der Antarktis. Berlin: Umweltbundesamt, 247 pp.
Pfeiffer, S. & Peter, H.-U. 2004. Ecological studies toward the management of an Antarctic tourist landing site (Penguin Island, South Shetland Islands. Polar Record, 40, 345–353.
Pfeiffer, S., Buesser, C., Mustafa, O. & Peter, H.-U. 2006. Tourism growth and proposed management solutions in the Fildes Peninsula Region (King George Island, Antarctica). Tourism in Marine Environments, 4, 151–165.
Phillips, R.A., Xavier, J. & Croxall, J.P. 2003. Effects of satellite transmitters on albatrosses and petrels. Auk, 120, 1082–1090.
Pineschi, L. 2001. The duty of prior environmental impact assessment of Antarctic activities under the Madrid Protocol and its implementation in the Italian legal system. In Caroli, S., Cescon, P. & Walton, D.W.H., eds. Environmental contamination in Antarctica: a challenge to analytical chemistry. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 363–380.
Poland, J.S., Riddle, M.J. & Zeeb, B.A. 2003. Contaminants in the Arctic and the Antarctic: a comparison of sources, impacts, and remediation options. Polar Record, 39, 369–383.
Poncet, S., Robertson, G., Phillips, R.A., Lawton, K., Phalan, B., Trathan, P.N. & Croxall, J.P. 2006. Status and distribution of wandering, black browed and grey-headed albatrosses breeding at South Georgia. Polar Biology, 29, 772–781.
Rayner, J.L., Snape, I., Walworth, J.L., Harvey, P.M. & Ferguson, S.H. 2007. Petroleum-hydrocarbon contamination and remediation by microbioventing at sub-Antarctic Macquarie Island. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 48, 139–153.
Revill, A.T., Snape, I., Lucieer, A. & Guille, D. 2007. Constraints on transport and weathering of petroleum contamination at Casey Station, Antarctica. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 48, 154–167.
Ropert-Coudert, Y., Wilson, R.P., Yoda, K. & Kato, A. 2007. Assessing performance constraints in penguins with externally-attached devices. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 333, 281–289.
Rounsevell, D. & Binns, D. 1991. Mass deaths of king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonica) at Lusitania Bay, Macquarie Island. Aurora, 10, 8–10.
Rounsevell, D.E. & Copson, G.R. 1982. Growth rate and recovery of a king penguin, Aptenodytes patagonicus, population after exploitation. Australian Wildlife Research, 9, 519–25.
Roura, R. 2004. Monitoring and remediation of hydrocarbon contamination at the former site of Greenpeace's World Park Base, Cape Evans, Ross Island, Antarctica. Polar Record, 40, 51–67.
Salwicka, K. & Stonehouse, B. 2000. Visual monitoring of heartbeat and respiration in Antarctic seals. Polish Polar Research, 21, 189–197.
Santos, I.R., Silva, E.V., Schaefer, C.E.G.R., Alburquerque, M.R. & Campos, L.S. 2005. Heavy metal contamination in coastal sediments and soils near the Brazilian Antarctic Station, King George Island. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50, 185–194.
SCAR (Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research). 2006a. SCAR report on marine acoustics on the Southern Ocean. Working Paper 41 for XXIX Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingEdinburgh12–23 June 2006, 17 pp.
SCAR (Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research). 2006b. Proposal to de-list fur seals as specially protected species. Working Paper 39 for XXIX Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingEdinburgh12–23 June 2006, 13 pp.
Scott, J.J. & Kirkpatrick, J.B. 1994. Effects of human trampling on the sub-Antarctic vegetation of Macquarie Island. Polar Record, 30, 207–220.
Schafer, A.N., Snape, I. & Siciliano, S.D. 2007. Soil biogeochemical toxicity endpoints for sub-Antarctic islands contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 26, 890–897.
Seco-Pon, J.P., Gandini, P.A. & Favero, M. 2007. Effect of longline configuration on seabird mortality in the Argentine semi-pelagic kingklip (Genypterus blacodes) fishery. Fisheries Research, 85, 101–105.
Sheppard, D.S., Claridge, G.G.C. & Campbell, I.B. 2000. Metal contamination of soils at Scott Base, Antarctica. Applied Geochemistry, 15, 513–530.
Sjoling, S. & Cowan, D.A. 2000. Detecting human bacterial contamination in Antarctic soils. Polar Biology, 23, 644–650.
Sladen, W.L. & Leresche, R.E. 1970. New and developing techniques in Antarctic ornithology. Antarctic Ecology, 1, 585–596.
Smith, R.I.L. 1996. Introduced plants in Antarctica: potential impacts and conservation issues. Biological Conservation, 76, 135–146.
Smith, R.I.L. 2003. The enigma of Colobanthus quitensis and Deschampsia antarctica in Antarctica. In Huiskes, A.H.L., Gieskes, W.W.C., Rozema, J., Schorno, R.M.L., van der Vies, S.M., Wolff, W.J., eds. Antarctic biology in a global context. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers, 234–239.
Smith, R.I.L. 2005. The bryophyte flora of geothermal habitats on Deception Island, Antarctica. Journal of Hattori Botanical Laboratory, 97, 233–248.
Snape, I., Morris, C.E. & Cole, C.M. 2001a. The use of permeable reactive barriers to control contaminant dispersal during site remediation in Antarctica. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 32, 157–174.
Snape, I., Ferguson, S.H., Harvey, P.M. & Riddle, M.J. 2006. Investigation of evaporation and biodegradation of fuel spills in Antarctica: II - extent of natural attenuation at Casey Station. Chemosphere, 63, 89–98.
Snape, I., Gore, D.B., Cole, C.M. & Riddle, M.J. 2002. Contaminant dispersal and mitigation at Casey Station: an example of how applied geoscience research can reduce environmental risks in Antarctica. Royal Society of New Zealand Bulletin, 35, 641–648.
Snape, I., Harvey, P.M., Ferguson, S.H., Rayner, J.L. & Revill, A.T. 2005. Investigation of evaporation and biodegradation of fuel spills in Antarctica: I - a chemical approach using GC-FID. Chemosphere, 61, 1485–1494.
Snape, I., Stark, J.S., Cole, C.M., Gore, D.G., Duquesne, S. & Riddle, M.J. 2001b. Management and remediation of contaminated sites at Casey Station, Antarctica. Polar Record, 37, 199–214.
Snape, I., Acomb, L., Barnes, D.I., Bainbridge, S., Eno, R., Filler, M., Plato, N., Pol, J.S., Raymond, T.C., Rayner, J.L., Riddle, M.J., Rike, A.G., Rutter, A., Schafer, A.L., Siciliano, S.D. & Walworth, J.L. 2008. Contamination, regulation and remediation: an introduction to bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons in cold regions. In Filler, D., Snape, I. & Barnes, D., eds. Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons in cold regions, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1–37.
Southwell, C. 2005. Response behaviour of seals and penguins to helicopter surveys over the pack ice off East Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 17, 328–334.
Stark, J.S., Riddle, M.J. & Simpson, R.D. 2003a. Human impacts in soft-sediment assemblages at Casey Station, East Antarctica: spatial variation, taxonomic resolution and data transformation. Austral Ecology, 28, 287–304.
Stark, J.S., Snape, I. & Riddle, M.J. 2003c. The effects of petroleum hydrocarbon and heavy metal contamination of marine sediments on recruitment of Antarctic soft-sediment assemblages: a field experimental investigation. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 283, 21–50.
Stark, J.S., Snape, I. & Riddle, M.J. 2006. Abandoned Antarctic waste disposal sites: monitoring remediation outcomes and limitations at Casey Station. Ecological Management and Restoration, 7, 21–31.
Stark, J.S., Riddle, M.J., Snape, I. & Scouller, R.C. 2003b. Human impacts in Antarctic marine soft-sediment assemblages: correlations between multivariate biological patterns and environmental variables at Casey Station. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 56, 717–734.
Stark, J.S., Snape, I., Riddle, M.J. & Stark, S.C. 2005. Constraints on spatial variability in soft-sediment communities affected by contamination from an Antarctic waste disposal site. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50, 276–290.
Summerson, R. & Riddle, M.J. 2000. Assessing wilderness and aesthetic values in Antarctica. In Davison, W., Howard-Williams, C. & Broady, P., eds. Antarctic ecosystems: models for wider ecological understanding. Christchurch: Caxton Press, 303–307.
Tavares, M. & de Melo, G.A.S. 2004. Discovery of the first known benthic invasive species in the Southern Ocean: the North Atlantic spider crab Hyas araneus found in the Antarctic Peninsula. Antarctic Science, 16, 129–131.
Tejedo, P., Austel, A., Benayas, J., Rico, E., Convey, P. & Quesada, A. In press. Human impact on soils in an Antarctic Specially Protected Areas: tools to evaluate SCAR recommendations. Antarctic Science, 21.
Thatje, S., Anger, K., Calcagno, J.A., Lovrich, G.A., Portner, H.O. & Arntz, W.E. 2005. Challenging the cold: crabs reconquer the Antarctic. Ecology, 86, 619–625.
Thompson, B.A.W., Goldsworthy, P.M., Riddle, M.J., Snape, I. & Stark, J.S. 2007. Contamination effects by a ‘conventional’ and a ‘biodegradable’ lubricant oil on infaunal recruitment to Antarctic sediments: a field experiment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 340, 213–226.
Thor, G. 1997. Establishment of permanent plots with lichens and mosses for monitoring local human impact on environment in Heimefrontfjella and Vestfjella, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Nankyoku Shiryo (Antarctic Record), 41, 652–672.
Townsend, A. & Snape, I. 2008. Multiple Pb sources in marine sediments near the Australian Antarctic Station, Casey. Science of the Total Environment, 389, 466–474.
Townsend, A.T. & Snape, I. 2002. The use of Pb isotope ratios determined by magnetic sector ICP-MS for tracing Pb pollution in marine sediments near Casey Station, East Antarctica. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 17, 922–928.
Trathan, P.N., Forcada, J., Atkinson, R., Downie, R.H. & Shears, J. In press. Population assessments of gentoo penguins (Pygoscelis papua) breeding at an important Antarctic tourist site, Goudier Island, Port Lockroy, Palmer Archipelago, Antarctica. Biological Conservation.
Turner, J., Colwell, S.R., Marshall, G.J., Lachlan-Cope, T.A., Carleton, A.M., Jones, P.D., Lagun, V., Reid, P.A. & Iagovkina, S. 2005. Antarctic climate change during the last 50 years. International Journal of Climatology, 25, 279–294.
United Kingdom Australia & Peru. 2005. Antarctic Treaty Inspections 2005. Report of Antarctic Treaty Inspections undertaken jointly by the UK, Australia and Peru in accordance with Article VII of the Antarctic Treaty and Article 14 of the Environmental Protocol. Working Paper 32 for XXVIII Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingStockholm6–17 June 2005.
United States. 2001. Team report of the Inspection conducted in accordance with Article VII of the Antarctic treaty and Article XIV of the Protocol under the auspices of the United States Department of State. February 2–16, 2001. Information Paper 17 for XXIV Antarctic Treaty Consultative MeetingSt Petersburg9–20 July 2001.
Upton, M., Pennington, T.H. & Haston, W. 1997. Detecting commensals in the area around an Antarctic research station. Antarctic Science, 9, 156–161.
Van Ngan, P., Gomes, V., Passos, M.J.A.C.R., Ussami, K.A., Campos, D.Y.F. & Rocha, A.J.D. 2007. Biomonitoring of the genotoxic potential (micronucleus and erythrocyte nuclear abnormalities assay) of the Admiralty Bay water surrounding the Brazilian Antarctic Research Station “Comandante Ferraz,” King George Island. Polar Biology, 30, 209–217.
van Polanen Petel, T.D., Giese, M.A., Wotherspoon, S. & Hindell, M.A. 2007. The behavioural response of lactating Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) to over-snow vehicles: a case study. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 85, 488–496.
van Polanen Petel, T.D., Terhune, J.N., Hindell, M.A. & Giese, M.A. 2006. An assessment of the audibility of sound from human transport by breeding Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii). Wildlife Research, 33, 275–291.
Walworth, J., Reynolds, C.M., Rutter, A. & Snape, I. 2008. Landfarming. In Filler, D., Snape, I. & Barnes, D., eds. Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons in cold regions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 170–189.
Weber, K. & Goerke, H. 2003. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in Antarctic fish: levels, patterns, changes. Chemosphere, 53, 667–678.
Weimerskirch, H., Shaffer, S.A., Mabille, G., Martin, J., Boutard, O. & Rouanet, J.L. 2002. Heart rate and energy expenditure of incubating wandering albatrosses: basal levels, natural variation, and the effects of human disturbance. Journal of Experimental Biology, 205, 475–483.
Wheeler, M., de Villiers, M.S. & Majiedt, P.A. 2008. The effect of frequency and nature of pedestrian approaches on the behaviour of wandering albatrosses at sub-Antarctic Marion Island. Polar Biology, 10.1007/s00300-008-0520-2.
Whinam, J., Chilcott, N. & Bergstrom, D.M. 2004. Subantarctic hitchhikers: expeditioners as vectors for the introduction of alien organisms. Biological Conservation, 121, 207–219.
Willock, A. & Lack, M. 2006. Follow the leader: learning from experience and best practice in regional fisheries management organizations. Gland: WWF International and TRAFFIC International, 57 pp.
Wilson, R.P., Culik, B. & Adelung, D. 1991. People in Antarctica - how much do Adélie penguins Pygoscelis adeliae care? Polar Biology, 11, 363–370.
Wilson, R.P., Coria, N.R., Spairani, H.J., Adelung, D. & Culik, B. 1989. Human-induced behaviour in Adélie penguins Pygoscelis adeliae. Polar Biology, 10, 77–80.
Woehler, E.J., Riddle, M.J. & Ribic, C.A. 2003. Long-term population trends in southern giant petrels in East Antarctica. In Huiskes, A.H.L., Gieskes, W.W.C., Rozema, J., Schorno, R.M.L., van der Vies, S.M. & Wolff, W.J., eds. Antarctic biology in a global context. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers, 290–295.
Worm, B., Barbier, E.B., Beaumont, N., Duffy, J.E., Folke, C., Halpern, B.S., Jackson, J.B.C., Lotze, H.K., Micheli, F., Palumbi, S.R., Sala, E., Selkoe, K.A., Stachowicz, J.J. & Watson, R. 2006. Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science, 314, 787–790.
Yergeau, E., Bokhorst, S., Huiskes, A.H.L., Boschker, H.T.S., Aerts, R. & Kowalchuk, G.A. 2007. Size and structure of bacterial, fungal and nematode communities along an Antarctic environmental gradient. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 59, 436–451.