Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Lacustrine systems of Clearwater Mesa (James Ross Island, north-eastern Antarctic Peninsula): geomorphological setting and limnological characterization

  • Matěj Roman (a1) (a2), Linda Nedbalová (a3), Tyler J. Kohler (a3), Juan M. Lirio (a4), Silvia H. Coria (a4), Jiří Kopáček (a5), Paula A. Vignoni (a6), Kateřina Kopalová (a3), Karina L. Lecomte (a6) (a7), Josef Elster (a8) and Daniel Nývlt (a1)...

Abstract

Lentic freshwater habitats are important centres of biodiversity within the infrequent ice-free oases across Antarctica. Given imminent climate changes, it is crucial to catalogue these habitats in order to provide baseline data for future monitoring and biological surveys. The lacustrine systems of Clearwater Mesa, a previously unexplored part of James Ross Island, north-eastern Antarctic Peninsula, are described here. We conducted basic geomorphological and limnological surveys over three Antarctic summers (2009–16) to characterize landscape evolution, infer the origin of lake basins and assess the variability in their water chemistry. Stable shallow lakes, formed in depressions between lava tumuli following the last deglaciation, were found to dominate the volcanic mesa, although several peripheral lakes in ice-proximal settings appear to have formed recently as a result of post-Neoglacial ice recession. We found large heterogeneity in conductivity (~10–7000 μS cm−1), despite the lithologically uniform substrate. This variability was shown to be related to lake type, basin type (open vs closed), meltwater source and proximity to the coast. Inter-annual differences were attributed to changes in sea spray influx and snow accumulation driven by variable weather conditions. Overall, the ion composition of lakes suggested that sea spray was the dominant source of ions, followed by the weathering of bedrock.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Ambrožová, K., Láska, K., Hrbáček, F., Kavan, J. & Ondruch, J. 2019. Air temperature and lapse rate variation in the ice-free and glaciated areas of northern James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula, during 2013–2016. International Journal of Climatology, 39, 10.1002/joc.5832.
ATCM (Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting) 2015. Antarctic Trial of WWF's Rapid Assessment of Circum-Arctic Ecosystem Resilience (RACER) Conservation Planning Tool: Results of RACER Workshop Focused on James Ross Island. (ATCM XXXVIII Information Paper 34). Available at www.ats.aq
Barrett, J.E., Virginia, R.A., Lyons, W.B., McKnight, D.M., Priscu, J.C., Doran, P.T., et al. 2007. Biogeochemical stoichiometry of Antarctic Dry Valley ecosystems. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, 10.1029/2005JG000141.
Björck, S., Olsson, S., Ellis-Evans, C., Håkansson, H., Humlum, O. & Lirio, J.M. 1996. Late Holocene palaeoclimatic records from lake sediments on James Ross Island, Antarctica. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 121, 10.1016/0031-0182(95)00086-0.
Borghini, F. & Bargagli, R. 2004. Changes of major ion concentrations in melting snow and terrestrial waters from northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 16, 10.1017/S095410200400197X.
Carrivick, J.L., Davies, B.J., Glasser, N.F., Nývlt, D. & Hambrey, M.J. 2012. Late-Holocene changes in character and behaviour of land-terminating glaciers on James Ross Island, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology, 58, 10.3189/2012JoG11J148.
Davies, B.J., Carrivick, J.L., Glasser, N.F., Hambrey, M.J. & Smellie, J.L. 2012. Variable glacier response to atmospheric warming, northern Antarctic Peninsula, 1988–2009. The Cryosphere, 6, 10.5194/tc-6-1031-2012.
Davies, B.J., Glasser, N.F., Carrivick, J.L., Hambrey, M.J., Smellie, J.L. & Nývlt, D. 2013. Landscape evolution and ice-sheet behaviour in a semi-arid polar environment: James Ross Island, NE Antarctic Peninsula. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, No. 381, 10.1144/SP381.1.
Engel, Z., Láska, K., Nývlt, D. & Stachoň, Z. 2018. Surface mass balance of small glaciers on James Ross Island, north-eastern Antarctic Peninsula, during 2009–2015. Journal of Glaciology, 64, 10.1017/jog.2018.17.
Engel, Z., Nývlt, D. & Láska, K. 2012. Ice thickness, areal and volumetric changes of Davies Dome and Whisky Glacier (James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula) in 1979–2006. Journal of Glaciology, 58, 10.3189/2012JoG11J156.
Glasser, N.F., Davies, B.J., Carrivick, J.L., Rodés, A., Hambrey, M.J., Smellie, J.L. & Domack, E. 2014. Ice-stream initiation, duration and thinning on James Ross Island, northern Antarctic Peninsula. Quaternary Science Reviews, 86, 10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.11.012.
Hamilton, P.B., De Haan, M., Kopalová, K., Zidarova, R. & Van De Vijver, B. 2014. An evaluation of selected Neidium species from the Antarctic region. Diatom Research, 29, 10.1080/0269249X.2013.822020.
Hamsher, S., Kopalová, K., Kociolek, J.P., Zidarova, R. & Van de Vijver, B. 2016. The genus Nitzschia on the South Shetland Islands and James Ross Island. Fottea, 16, 79102.
Hodgson, D.A., Vyverman, W., Sabbe, K. 2001. Limnology and biology of saline lakes in the Rauer Islands, eastern Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 13, 10.1017/S0954102001000372.
Hrbáček, F., Kňažková, M., Nývlt, D., Láska, K., Mueller, C.W. & Ondruch, J. 2017. Active layer monitoring at CALM-S site near J.G. Mendel Station, James Ross Island, eastern Antarctic Peninsula. Science of the Total Environment, 601–602, 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.05.266.
Johnson, J.S., Bentley, M.J., Roberts, S.J., Binnie, S. A. & Freeman, S.P.H.T. 2011. Holocene deglacial history of the northeast Antarctic Peninsula – a review and new chronological constraints. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.10.011.
Johnson, J.S., Smellie, J.L., Nelson, A.E. & Stuart, F.M. 2009. History of the Antarctic Peninsula Ice Sheet since the early Pliocene-Evidence from cosmogenic dating of Pliocene lavas on James Ross Island, Antarctica. Global and Planetary Change, 69, 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2009.09.001.
Kopáček, J., Kaňa, J., Bičárová, S., Fernandez, I.J., Hejzlar, J., Kahounová, M., et al. 2017. Climate change increasing calcium and magnesium leaching from granitic Alpine catchments. Environmental Science and Technology, 51, 10.1021/acs.est.6b03575.
Kopalová, K., Nedbalová, L., Nývlt, D., Elster, J. & Van de Vijver, B. 2013. Diversity, ecology and biogeography of the freshwater diatom communities from Ulu Peninsula (James Ross Island, NE Antarctic Peninsula). Polar Biology, 36, 10.1007/s00300-013-1317-5.
Laybourn-Parry, J. & Wadham, J. 2014. Antarctic lakes. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 242 pp.
Lecomte, K.L., Vignoni, P.A., Córdoba, F.E., Chaparro, M.A.E., Chaparro, M.A.E., Kopalová, K., et al. 2016. Hydrological systems from the Antarctic Peninsula under climate change: James Ross archipelago as study case. Environmental Earth Sciences, 75, 10.1007/s12665-016-5406-y.
Lee, J.R., Raymond, B., Bracegirdle, T.J., Chadès, I., Fuller, R.A., Shaw, J.D. & Terauds, A. 2017. Climate change drives expansion of Antarctic ice-free habitat. Nature, 547, 10.1038/nature22996.
Lyons, W.B., Welch, K.A., Gardner, C.B., Jaros, C., Moorhead, D.L., Knoepfle, J.L. & Doran, P.T. 2012. The geochemistry of upland ponds, Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 24, 10.1017/S0954102011000617.
Nedbalová, L., Nývlt, D., Kopáček, J., Šobr, M. & Elster, J. 2013. Freshwater lakes of Ulu Peninsula, James Ross Island, north-east Antarctic Peninsula: origin, geomorphology and physical and chemical limnology. Antarctic Science, 25, 10.1017/S0954102012000934.
Nedbalová, L., Nývlt, D., Lirio, J.M., Kavan, J. & Elster, J. 2017. Current distribution of Branchinecta gaini on James Ross Island and Vega Island. Antarctic Science, 29, 10.1017/S0954102017000128.
Nývlt, D., Braucher, R., Engel, Z., Mlčoch, B. & ASTER Team. 2014. Timing of the Northern Prince Gustav Ice Stream retreat and the deglaciation of northern James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula during the last glacial–interglacial transition. Quaternary Research, 82, 10.1016/j.yqres.2014.05.003.
Oliva, M., Navarro, F., Hrbáček, F., Hernández, A., Nývlt, D., Pereira, P. et al. 2017. Recent regional climate cooling on the Antarctic Peninsula and associated impacts on the cryosphere. Science of the Total Environment, 580, 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.12.030.
Quayle, W.C., Peck, L.S., Peat, H., Ellis-Evans, J.C. & Harrigan, P.R. 2002. Extreme responses to climate change in Antarctic lakes. Science, 295, 10.1126/science.1064074.
Roberts, S.J., Hodgson, D.A., Sterken, M., Whitehouse, P.L., Verleyen, E., Vyverman, W., et al. 2011. Geological constraints on glacio-isostatic adjustment models of relative sea-level change during deglaciation of Prince Gustav Channel, Antarctic Peninsula. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.09.009.
Sakaeva, A., Sokol, E.R., Kohler, T.J., Stanish, L.F., Spaulding, S.A., Howkins, A., et al. 2016. Evidence for dispersal and habitat controls on pond diatom communities from the McMurdo Sound region of Antarctica. Polar Biology, 39, 10.1007/s00300-016-1944-8.
Sarmiento, J.L. & Gruber, N. 2006. Ocean biogeochemical dynamics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 528 pp.
Silva-Busso, A., Moreno, L., Ermolin, E., López-Martínez, J., Durán, J.J., Martínez-Navarrete, C. & Cuchí, J.A., 2013. Modelos hidrogeológicos a partir de datos geocriológicos e hidroquímicos en Cabo Lamb, Isla Vega, Península Antártica. Revista de la Asociación Geologica Argentina, 70, 249266.
Skilling, I.P. 2002. Basaltic pahoehoe lava-fed deltas: large-scale characteristics, clast generation, emplacement processes and environmental discrimination. In Smellie, J.L. & Chapman, M.G., eds. Volcano–ice interaction on Earth and Mars. Special Publication of the Geological Society of London, No. 202, 91113.
Smellie, J.L., Johnson, J.S., McIntosh, W.C., Esser, R., Gudmundsson, M.T., Hambrey, M.J. & van Wyk de Vries, B. 2008. Six million years of glacial history recorded in volcanic lithofacies of the James Ross Island Volcanic Group, Antarctic Peninsula. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 260, 10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.08.011.
Smellie, J.L., Johnson, J.S. & Nelson, A.E. 2013. Geological Map of James Ross Island 1. James Ross Island Volcanic Group (1:125 000 scale). BAS GEOMAP 2 Series, Sheet 5, 0.1029/2006GC001450.20.
Sterken, M., Roberts, S.J., Hodgson, D.A., Vyverman, W., Balbo, A.L., Sabbe, K., et al. 2012. Holocene glacial and climate history of Prince Gustav Channel, northeastern Antarctic Peninsula. Quaternary Science Reviews, 31, 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.10.017
Škaloud, P., Nedbalová, L., Elster, J. & Komárek, J. 2013. A curious occurrence of Hazenia broadyi spec. nova in Antarctica and the review of the genus Hazenia (Ulotrichales, Chlorophyceae). Polar Biology, 36, 10.1007/s00300-013-1347-z.
ter Braak, C.J.F. & Šmilauer, P. 2012. CANOCO reference manual and user's guide: software for ordination (version 5.0). Ithaca, NY: Microcomputer Power, 496 pp.
Terauds, A. & Lee, J.R. 2016. Antarctic biogeography revisited: updating the Antarctic Conservation Biogeographic Regions. Diversity and Distributions, 22, 10.1111/ddi.12453.
Toro, M., Camacho, A., Rochera, C., Rico, E., Bañón, M., Fernández-Valiente, E., et al. 2007. Limnological characteristics of the freshwater ecosystems of Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, in maritime Antarctica. Polar Biology, 30, 10.1007/s00300-006-0223-5.
Turner, J., Lu, H., White, I., King, J.C., Phillips, T., Hosking, J.S., et al. 2016. Absence of 21st century warming on Antarctic Peninsula consistent with natural variability. Nature, 535, 10.1038/nature18645.
Váczi, P., Barták, M., Nedbalová, L. & Elster, J. 2011. Comparative analysis of temperature courses in Antarctic lakes of different morphology: study from James Ross Island, Antarctica. Czech Polar Reports, 1, 10.5817/CPR2011-2-7.
Van de Vijver, B., Kopalová, K., Kociolek, J.P. & Ector, L. 2015. Denticula jamesrossensis, a new freshwater diatom (Bacillariophyta) species from the Maritime Antarctic Region. Fottea, 15, 105111.
Van Hove, P., Belzile, C., Gibson, J.A.E. & Vincent, W.F. 2006. Coupled landscape–lake evolution in High Arctic Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 43, 10.1139/e06-003.
van Lipzig, N.P.M., King, J.C., Lachlan-Cope, T.A. & van den Broeke, M.R. 2004. Precipitation, sublimation, and snow drift in the Antarctic Peninsula region from a regional atmospheric model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, 10.1029/2004JD004701
Verleyen, E., Hodgson, D.A., Gibson, J., Imura, S., Kaup, E., Kudoh, S., et al. 2012. Chemical limnology in coastal East Antarctic lakes: monitoring future climate change in centres of endemism and biodiversity. Antarctic Science, 24, 10.1017/S0954102011000642.
Verleyen, E., Hodgson, D.A., Vyverman, W., Roberts, D., McMinn, A., Vanhoutte, K. & Sabbe, K. 2003. Modelling diatom responses to climate induced fluctuations in the moisture balance in continental Antarctic lakes. Journal of Paleolimnology, 30, 10.1023/A:1025570904093.
Vinocur, A. & Unrein, F. 2000. Typology of lentic water bodies at Potter Peninsula (King George Island, Antarctica) based on physical–chemical characteristics and phytoplankton communities. Polar Biology, 23, 10.1007/s003000000165.

Keywords

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Roman et al. supplementary material
Roman et al. supplementary material 1

 PDF (1.2 MB)
1.2 MB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed