Skip to main content
×
Home

Large-scale occupancy surveys in East Antarctica discover new Adélie penguin breeding sites and reveal an expanding breeding distribution

  • Colin Southwell (a1) and Louise Emmerson (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

Knowledge of spatial distribution is fundamental to ecological studies and crucial for conservation and management of species and biodiversity, but detailed, large-scale spatial data are lacking for most taxa. Although the Adélie penguin is one of the most intensively studied Antarctic vertebrates, spatial data that could aid in ecological study and conservation management are incomplete. We undertook a large-scale survey of the current breeding distribution of Adélie penguins along 3800 km of the East Antarctic coastline. The survey increased the number of known breeding locations by 50% and revealed that the breeding distribution has expanded in some parts of the survey region over the past two to three decades. The expanding breeding distribution may reflect underlying population dynamics of sustained growth and resultant density dependent effect on dispersal and movement from established breeding sites to new sites. The comprehensive, large-scale distribution data from this study will form a baseline for assessing any future changes in Adélie penguin breeding distribution, provide data for developing spatial models for predicting future changes in breeding distribution under plausible scenarios of environmental change, and contribute to the development of metapopulation models by providing estimates of local colonization and extinction probabilities under specific conditions of metapopulation change.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Large-scale occupancy surveys in East Antarctica discover new Adélie penguin breeding sites and reveal an expanding breeding distribution
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Large-scale occupancy surveys in East Antarctica discover new Adélie penguin breeding sites and reveal an expanding breeding distribution
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Large-scale occupancy surveys in East Antarctica discover new Adélie penguin breeding sites and reveal an expanding breeding distribution
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
colin.southwell@aad.gov.au
References
Hide All
Ainley D.G. 2002. The Adélie penguin: bellwether of climate change. New York: Columbia University Press, 310 pp.
Ainley D., Russell J., Jenouvrier S., Woehler E., Lyver P.O., Fraser W.R.Kooyman G.L. 2010. Antarctic penguin response to habitat change as Earth's troposphere reaches 2°C above preindustrial levels. Ecological Monographs, 80, 4966.
Alonso J.C., Johnstone G.W., Hindell M., Osborne P.Guard R. 1987. Las aves del Monolito Scullin, Antartida Oriental (67°47′S, 66°42′E). In Castellvi, J., ed. Actas del Segundo Symposium Espanol de Estudios Antarticos. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 375386.
Barbraud C., Delord K.C., Micol T.Jouventin P. 1999. First census of breeding seabirds between Cap Bienvenue (Terre Adélie) and Moyes Islands (King George V Land), Antarctica: new records for Antarctic seabird populations. Polar Biology, 21, 146150.
Falla R.A. 1937. Birds. BANZARE Reports, series B, vol. 2. Adelaide: Hassell Press, 288 pp.
Fretwell P.T.Trathan P.N. 2009. Penguins from space: faecal stains reveal the location of emperor penguin colonies. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 18, 543552.
Horne R.S.C. 1983. The distribution of penguin breeding colonies on the Australian Antarctic Territory, Heard Island, the MacDonald Islands, and Macquarie Islands. ANARE Research Notes, No. 9, 82 pp.
Jenouvrier S., Barbraud C.Weimerskirch H. 2006. Sea ice affects the population dynamics of Adélie penguins in Terre Adélie. Polar Biology, 29, 413423.
Kato A.Ropert-Coudert Y. 2006. Rapid increase in Adélie penguin populations in the Lützow-Holm Bay area since the mid 1990s. Polar Bioscience, 20, 5562.
Krebs C.J. 1972. Ecology: the experimental analysis of distribution and abundance. New York: Harper and Row, 694 pp.
Law P. 1958. Australian coastal exploration in Antarctica. Geographical Journal, 124, 151162.
Law P. 1962. New ANARE landings in Australian territory 1960. Geographical Journal, 128, 174183.
Low M., Meyer L.Southwell C. 2007. Number and distribution of Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) breeding sites in the Robinson Group of islands, Mac.Robertson Land, East Antarctica. Polar Record, 43, 225229.
MacKenzie D.I.Royle J.A. 2005. Designing occupancy studies: general advice and allocating survey effort. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42, 11051114.
MacKenzie D.I., Nichols J.D., Hines J.E., Knutson M.G.Franklin A.B. 2003. Estimating site occupancy, colonization and local extinction when a species is detected imperfectly. Ecology, 84, 22002207.
Manel S., Williams H.C.Ormerod S.J. 2001. Evaluating presence-absence models in ecology: the need to account for prevalence. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 921931.
Massom R.A.Stammerjohn S.E. 2010. Antarctic sea ice change and variability - Physical and ecological implications. Polar Science, 4, 149186.
Melick D., Jackson A.Petz W. 1995. An initial biological survey of the Davis Islands, Vincennes Bay, East Antarctica. Polar Record, 32, 6769.
Orton M.N. 1963. A brief survey of the fauna of the Windmill Islands, Wilkes Land, Antarctica. Emu, 63, 1522.
Pearce J.L.Boyce M.S. 2006. Modelling distribution and abundance with presence-only data. Journal of Applied Ecology, 43, 405412.
Peterson A.T. 2006. Uses and requirements of ecological niche models and related distributional models. Biodiversity Informatics, 3, 5972.
Pryor M.E. 1968. The avifauna of Haswell Island, Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series, 12, 5782.
Robertson G. 1991. Kidson Island: a breeding site for Antarctic fulmars. Polar Record, 27, 61.
Southwell C., Smith D.Bender A. 2009. Incomplete search effort: a potential source of bias in estimates of Adélie penguin breeding populations in the Australian Antarctic Territory. Polar Record, 45, 375380.
Tsoar A., Allouche O., Steinitz O., Rotem D.Kadmon R. 2007. A comparative evaluation of presence-only methods for modelling species distribution. Diversity and Distributions, 13, 397405.
Whitehead M.D.Johnstone G.W. 1990. The distribution and estimated abundance of Adélie penguins breeding in Prydz Bay, Antarctica. Polar Biology, 3, 9198.
Wilson D., Pike R., Southwell D.Southwell C. 2009. A systematic survey of breeding Adélie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) along the Mawson and Kemp Land coasts, East Antarctica: new colonies and population counts. Antarctic Science, 21, 591592.
Woehler E.J. 1993. The distribution and abundance of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic penguins. Cambridge: Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), 76 pp.
Woehler E.J., Johnstone G.W.Burton H.R. 1989a. The distribution and abundance of Adélie penguins, Pygoscelis adeliae, in the Mawson area and at the Rookery Islands (Specially Protected Area 2), 1981 and 1988. ANARE Research Notes, No. 71, 136 pp.
Woehler E.J., Tierney T.J.Burton H.R. 1989b. The distribution and abundance of Adélie penguins, Pygoscelis adeliae, at Vestfold Hills, 1973. ANARE Research Notes, No. 70, 41 pp.
Woehler E.J., Slip D.J., Robertson L.M., Fullagar P.J.Burton H.R. 1991. The distribution, abundance and status of Adélie penguins Pygoscelis adeliae at the Windmill Islands, Wilkes Land, Antarctica. Marine Ornithology, 19, 118.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antarctic Science
  • ISSN:
  • EISSN:
  • URL: /core/journals/antarctic-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 55 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 153 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.