Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Photographic survey of benthos provides insights into the Antarctic fish fauna from the Marguerite Bay slope and the Amundsen Sea

  • Joseph T. Eastman (a1), Margaret O. Amsler (a2), Richard B. Aronson (a3), Sven Thatje (a4), James B. McClintock (a2), Stephanie C. Vos (a3), Jeffrey W. Kaeli (a5), Hanumant Singh (a5) and Mario La Mesa (a6)...

Abstract

We reviewed photographic images of fishes from depths of 381–2282 m in Marguerite Bay and 405–2007 m in the Amundsen Sea. Marguerite Bay fishes were 33% notothenioids and 67% non-notothenioids. Channichthyids (47%) and nototheniids (44%) were the most abundant notothenioids. The deep-living channichthyid Chionobathyscus dewitti (74%) and the nototheniid genus Trematomus (66%) were the most abundant taxa within these two families. The most abundant non-notothenioids were the macrourid Macrourus whitsoni (72%) and zoarcids (18%). Amundsen Sea fishes were 87% notothenioids and 13% non-notothenioids, the latter exclusively Macrourus whitsoni. Bathydraconids (38%) and artedidraconids (30%) were the most abundant notothenioids. We observed that Macrourus whitsoni was benthopelagic and benthic and infested by large ectoparasitic copepods. Juvenile (42 cm) Dissostichus mawsoni was not neutrally buoyant and resided on the substrate at 1277 m. Lepidonotothen squamifrons was seen near and on nests of eggs in early December. A Pogonophryne sp. from 2127 m was not a member of the deep-living unspotted P. albipinna group. Chionobathyscus dewitti inhabited the water column as well as the substrate. The pelagic zoarcid Melanostigma gelatinosum was documented in the water column a few metres above the substrate. The zoogeographic character of the Marguerite Bay fauna was West Antarctic or low-Antarctic and the Amundsen Sea was East Antarctic or high-Antarctic.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Footnotes

Hide All

This paper is dedicated to the memory of Rebecca Dickhut. Her management skills and boundless energy as co-chief scientist of our Oden cruise made it possible for us to capture the images of Amundsen Sea fauna highlighted here.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Andriashev, A.P. 1987. A general review of the Antarctic bottom fish fauna. In Kullander, S.O. & Fernholm, B., eds. Proceedings of the fifth congress of European ichthyologists, Stockholm, 1985. Stockholm: Swedish Museum of Natural History, 357372.
Andriashev, A.P.Neyelov, A.V. 1978. The new whiteblooded fish (Chionobathyscus dewitti, gen. et sp. n.; fam. Channichthyidae) from the continental slope of the East Antarctic. In Skarlato,O.A.,Andriashev, A.P., Barsukov, V.V., Dorofeeva, E.A., Korovina, V.M.&Neyelov, A.V., eds. Morphology and systematics of fish. Leningrad: Akademia Nauk SSSR, 512.
Arana, P.M.Vega, R. 1999. Exploratory fishing for Dissostichus spp. in the Antarctic region (subareas 48.1, 48.2 and 88.3). CCAMLR Science, 6, 117.
Balushkin, A.V.Prut'ko, V.G. 2006. On occurrences of Chionobathyscus dewitti (Notothenioidei Channichthyidae) in the Ross Sea. Journal of Ichthyology, 46, 271273.
Brooks, C.M., Andrews, A.H., Ashford, J.R., Ramanna, N., Jones, C.D., Lundstrom, C.C.Cailliet, G. 2011. Age estimation and lead-radium dating of Antarctic toothfish (Dissostichus mawsoni) in the Ross Sea. Polar Biology, 34, 329338.
Cullins, T.L., DeVries, A.L.Torres, J.J. 2011. Antifreeze proteins in pelagic fishes from Marguerite Bay (western Antarctica). Deep-Sea Research II, 58, 16901694.
Cziko, P.A., Evans, C.W., Cheng, C.-H.C.DeVries, A.L. 2006. Freezing resistance of antifreeze-deficient larval Antarctic fish. Journal of Experimental Biology, 209, 407420.
Daniels, R.A.Lipps, J.H. 1982. Distribution and ecology of fishes of the Antarctic Peninsula. Journal of Biogeography, 9, 19.
Dewitt, H.H., Heemstra, P.C.Gon, O. 1990. Nototheniidae. In Gon,O.&Heemstra,P.C.,eds. Fishes of the Southern Ocean. Grahamstown: JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology, 279–331.
Donnelly, J.Torres, J.J. 2008. Pelagic fishes in the Marguerite Bay region of the West Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf. Deep-Sea Research II, 55, 523539.
Duhamel, G., Gasco, N.Davaine, P. 2005. Poissons des îles Kerguelen et Crozet. Guide régional de l'Océan Austral. Paris: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 419 pp.
Eakin, R.R. 1990. Artedidraconidae. In Gon,O.&Heemstra,P.C.,eds. Fishes of the Southern Ocean. Grahamstown: JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology, 332356.
Eakin, R.R., Eastman, J.T.Matallanas, J. 2008. New species of Pogonophryne (Pisces, Artedidraconidae) from the Bellingshausen Sea, Antarctica. Polar Biology, 31, 11751179.
Eakin, R.R., Eastman, J.T.Near, T.J. 2009. A new species and a molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Antarctic fish genus Pogonophryne (Notothenioidei: Artedidraconidae). Copeia, 4, 705713.
Eastman, J.T. 1993. Antarctic fish biology: evolution in a unique environment. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 322 pp.
Eastman, J.T. 2005. The nature of the diversity of Antarctic fishes. Polar Biology, 28, 93107.
Eastman, J.T.Barry, J.P. 2002. Underwater video observation of the Antarctic toothfish Dissostichus mawsoni (Perciformes: Nototheniidae) in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Polar Biology, 25, 391395.
Eastman, J.T.DeVries, A.L. 1981. Buoyancy adaptations in a swim-bladderless Antarctic fish. Journal of Morphology, 167, 91102.
Eastman, J.T.Hubold, G. 1999. The fish fauna of the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 11, 293304.
Eastman, J.T.Lannoo, M.J. 2003. Anatomy and histology of the brain and sense organs of the Antarctic plunderfish Dolloidraco longedorsalis (Perciformes: Notothenioidei: Artedidraconidae), with comments on the brain morphology of other artedidraconids and closely related harpagiferids. Journal of Morphology, 255, 358377.
Eastman, J.T.Sidell, B.D. 2002. Measurements of buoyancy for some Antarctic notothenioid fishes from the South Shetland Islands. Polar Biology, 25, 753760.
Ekau, W. 1990. Demersal fish fauna of the Weddell Sea, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 2, 129137.
Ekau, W.Gutt, J. 1991. Notothenioid fishes from the Weddell Sea and their habitat, observed by underwater photography and television. Proceedings of the National Institute of Polar Research Symposium on Polar Biology, 4, 3649.
Eschmeyer, W.N., Fricke, R., Fong, J.D.Polack, D.A. 2010. Marine fish diversity: history of knowledge and discovery (Pisces). Zootaxa, 2525, 1950.
Fenaughty, J.M., Stevens, D.W.Hanchet, S.M. 2003. Diet of the Antarctic toothfish (Dissostichus mawsoni) from the Ross Sea, Antarctica (Subarea 88.1). CCAMLR Science, 10, 113123.
Gerasimchuk, V.V. 1986. Characteristics of Antarctic silverfish, Pleuragramma antarctica (Nototheniidae), from Olaf-Pruds Bay (Commonwealth Sea, eastern Antarctica) with notes on the identification of the species. Journal of Ichthyology, 26, 1017.
Gon, O. 1988. The fishes collected during the South African SIBEX I+II expeditions to the Indian Ocean sector of the Southern Ocean (60–66°S, 48–64°E). South African Journal of Antarctic Research, 18, 5570.
Gon, O.Heemstra, P.C., eds. 1990. Fishes of the Southern Ocean. Grahamstown: JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology, 462 pp.
Gutt, J.Ekau, W. 1996. Habitat partitioning of dominant high Antarctic demersal fish in the Weddell Sea and Lazarev Sea. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 206, 2537.
Gutt, J., Ekau, W.Gorny, M. 1994. New results on the fish and shrimp fauna of the Weddell Sea and Lazarev Sea (Antarctic). Proceedings of the National Institute of Polar Research Symposium on Polar Biology, 7, 91102.
Hanchet, S.M., Tracey, D., Dunn, A., Horn, P.L.Smith, N. 2012. Mercury concentrations of two toothfish and three of its prey species from the Pacific sector of the Antarctic. Antarctic Science, 24, 3442.
Hourigan, T.F.Radtke, R.L. 1989. Reproduction of the Antarctic fish Nothotheniops nudifrons. Marine Biology, 100, 277283.
Iwamoto, T. 1990. Macrouridae. In Gon,O.&Heemstra,P.C.,eds. Fishes of the Southern Ocean. Grahamstown: JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology, 192–206.
Jones, C.D.Near, T.J. 2012. The reproductive behaviour of Pogonophryne scotti confirms widespread egg-guarding parental care among Antarctic notothenioids. Journal of Fish Biology, 80, 26292635.
Kaeli, J.W., Singh, H., Murphy, C.Kunz, K. 2011. Improving colour correction for underwater image surveys. Proceedings IEEE/MTS Oceans ’11, Kona, Hawaii, 19–22 September 2011. New York: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 805810.
Kock, K.-H. 1992. Antarctic fish and fisheries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 359 pp.
Kock, K.-H. 2005. Antarctic icefishes (Channichthyidae): a unique family of fishes. A review, part I. Polar Biology, 28, 862895.
Kock, K.-H.Kellermann, A. 1991. Reproduction in Antarctic notothenioid fish. Antarctic Science, 3, 125150.
Kock, K.-H., Jones, C.D.Wilhelms, S. 2000. Biological characteristics of Antarctic fish stocks in the southern Scotia Arc region. CCAMLR Science, 7, 141.
Konecki, J.T.Targett, T.E. 1989. Eggs and larvae of Nototheniops larseni from the spongocoel of a hexactinellid sponge near Hugo Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Polar Biology, 10, 197198.
La Mesa, M., Eastman, J.T.Vacchi, M. 2004. The role of notothenioid fish in the food web of the Ross Sea shelf waters: a review. Polar Biology, 27, 321338.
Marriott, P.M., Horn, P.L.McMillan, P. 2003. Species identification and age estimation for the ridge-scaled macrourid (Macrourus whitsoni) from the Ross Sea. CCAMLR Science, 10, 3751.
Massom, R.A.Stammerjohn, S.E. 2010. Antarctic sea ice change and variability - physical and ecological implications. Polar Science, 4, 149186.
Matallanas, J. 2010. Description of two new genera, Santelmoa and Bentartia, and two new species of Zoarcidae (Teleostei, Perciformes) from the Southern Ocean. Polar Biology, 33, 659672.
Matallanas, J.Olaso, I. 2007. Fishes of the Bellingshausen Sea and Peter I Island. Polar Biology, 30, 333341.
Meredith, M.P., Wallace, M.I., Stammerjohn, S.E., Renfew, I.A., Clarke, A., Venables, H.J., Shoosmith, D.R., Souster, T.Leng, M.J. 2010. Changes in the freshwater composition of the upper ocean west of the Antarctic Peninsula during the first decade of the 21st century. Progress in Oceanography, 87, 127143.
Near, T.J., Russo, S.E., Jones, C.D.DeVries, A.L. 2003. Ontogenetic shift in buoyancy and habitat in the Antarctic toothfish, Dissostichus mawsoni (Perciformes: Nototheniidae). Polar Biology, 26, 124128.
Near, T.J., Dornburg, A., Kuhn, K.L., Eastman, J.T., Pennington, J.N., Patarnello, T., Zane, L., Fernández, D.A.Jones, C.D. 2012. Ancient climate change, antifreeze, and the evolutionary diversification of Antarctic fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109, 34343439.
Olaso, I., Rauschert, M.De Broyer, C. 2000. Trophic ecology of the family Artedidraconidae (Pisces: Osteichthyes) and its impact on the eastern Weddell Sea benthic system. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 194, 143158.
Parker, M.L., Donnelly, J.Torres, J.J. 2011. Invertebrate micronekton and macrozooplankton in the Marguerite Bay region of the Western Antarctic Peninsula. Deep-Sea Research II, 58, 15801598.
Petrov, A.F. 2011a. Distribution and biological characteristics of two sister species of toothfishes of the genus Dissostichus (Fam. Nototheniidae) at Bouvet Island. Journal of Ichthyology, 51, 813818.
Petrov, A.F. 2011b. New data on the diet of deep-sea icefish Chionobathyscus dewitti (Channichthyidae) in the Ross Sea in 2010. Journal of Ichthyology, 51, 692694.
Roberts, J., Xavier, J.C.Agnew, D.J. 2011. The diet of toothfish species Dissostichus eleginoides and Dissostichus mawsoni with overlapping distributions. Journal of Fish Biology, 79, 138154.
Rogers, A.D., Tyler, P.A., Connelly, D.P., Copley, J.T.James, R.E.A.et al. 2012. The discovery of new deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities in the Southern Ocean and implications for biogeography. PLoS Biology, 10, e1001234.
Schneppenheim, R., Kock, K.-H., Duhamel, G.Jansen, G. 1994. On the taxonomy of the Lepidonotothen squamifrons group (Pisces, Perciformes, Notothenioidei). Archive of Fisheries and Marine Research, 42, 137148.
Singh, H., Roman, C., Pizarro, O.Can, A. 2007. Towards high-resolution imaging from underwater vehicles. International Journal of Robotics Research, 26, 5574.
Smith, P.J., Steinke, D., McVeagh, S.M., Stewart, A.L., Struthers, C.D.Roberts, C.D. 2008. Molecular analysis of Southern Ocean skates (Bathyraja) reveals a new species of Antarctic skate. Journal of Fish Biology, 73, 11701182.
Smith, P.J., Steinke, D., McMillan, P.J., Stewart, A.L., McVeagh, S.M., Diaz De Astarloa, J.M., Welsford, D.Ward, R.D. 2011. DNA barcoding highlights a cryptic species of grenadier Macrourus in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Fish Biology, 78, 355365.
Stehmann, M.Bürkel, D.L. 1990. Rajidae. In Gon,O.&Heemstra,P.C.,eds. Fishes of the Southern Ocean. Grahamstown: JLB Smith Institute of Ichthyology, 8697.
Stein, D.L. 2012. Snailfishes (family Liparidae) of the Ross Sea, Antarctica, and closely adjacent waters. Zootaxa, 3285, 1120.
Stein, D.L., Felley, J.D.Vecchione, M. 2005. ROV observations of benthic fishes in the Northwind and Canada Basins, Arctic Ocean. Polar Biology, 28, 232237.
Sutton, C.P., Manning, M.J., Stevens, D.W.Marriott, P.M. 2008. Biological parameters for icefish (Chionobathyscus dewitti) in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. CCAMLR Science, 15, 139165.
Vacchi, M., La Mesa, M., Dalu, M.MacDonald, J. 2004. Early life stages in the life cycle of Antarctic silverfish, Pleuragramma antarcticum in Terra Nova Bay, Ross Sea. Antarctic Science, 16, 299305.
Walter, T., Palm, H.W., Piepiorka, S.Rückert, S. 2002. Parasites of the Antarctic rattail Macrourus whitsoni (Regan, 1913) (Macrouridae, Gadiformes). Polar Biology, 25, 633640.
Yau, C., Collins, M.A., Bagley, P.M., Everson, I.Priede, I.G. 2002. Scavenging by megabenthos and demersal fish on the South Georgia slope. Antarctic Science, 14, 1624.
Zaitsev, A.K. 1989. The reproductive biology of gray Notothenia, Lepidonotothen squamifrons squamifrons, of the Indian sector of Southern Ocean. Journal of Ichthyology, 29, 917.
Zimmermann, C. 1997. On the demersal fish fauna of the Lazarev Sea (Antarctica): composition and community structure. In Battaglia,B., Valencia, J. & Walton, D.W.H., eds. Antarctic communities: species, structure and survival. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2632.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed