Skip to main content
×
Home

Population structure of Friesea grisea (Collembola, Neanuridae) in the Antarctic Peninsula and Victoria Land: evidence for local genetic differentiation of pre-Pleistocene origin

  • Giulia Torricelli (a1), Francesco Frati (a1), Peter Convey (a2), Marco Telford (a1) and Antonio Carapelli (a1)...
Abstract
Abstract

Friesea grisea is the only springtail species currently described from both East (Victoria Land) and West Antarctica (Antarctic Peninsula), although levels of genetic divergence between the two regions suggest the possibility of cryptic species. Determining the genetic structure of populations in the two regions is necessary in order to compare the effects of the different environmental conditions in the two regions, the different evolutionary histories of their inhabitants, and for assessing any influence of latitude in each region on genetic diversity. We analysed sequences of the mitochondrial COX1 and ATP6 genes from a total of 111 individuals for 17 sites (nine on the Antarctic Peninsula and eight in Victoria Land), to assess levels of genetic diversity. Both regions have their own unique sets of haplotypes, differing by about 20% of their nucleotide sequences. A similar number of haplotypes was found in the two regions, and within each we found two groups of populations sharing no haplotypes. In the Antarctic Peninsula, two, presumably ancestral, haplotypes are dominant in frequency. In Victoria Land, the Cape Hallett population showed a distinct set of haplotypes, genetically different from the southernmost populations, suggesting differentiation on pre-Pleistocene timescales.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Population structure of Friesea grisea (Collembola, Neanuridae) in the Antarctic Peninsula and Victoria Land: evidence for local genetic differentiation of pre-Pleistocene origin
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Population structure of Friesea grisea (Collembola, Neanuridae) in the Antarctic Peninsula and Victoria Land: evidence for local genetic differentiation of pre-Pleistocene origin
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Population structure of Friesea grisea (Collembola, Neanuridae) in the Antarctic Peninsula and Victoria Land: evidence for local genetic differentiation of pre-Pleistocene origin
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*corresponding author: frati@unisi.it
References
Hide All
Adams B.J., Bardgett R.D., Ayres E., Wall D.H., Aislabie J., Bamforth S., Bargagli R., Cary C., Cavacini P., Connell L., Convey P., Fell J.W., Frati F., Hogg I., Newsham K., O’Donnell A., Russell N., Seppelt R. Stevens M.I. 2006. Diversity and distribution of Victoria Land biota. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 38, 30033018.
Andrássy I. 1998. Nematodes in the sixth continent. Journal of Nematode Morphology & Systematics, 1, 107186.
Bargagli R. 2005. Antarctic ecosystems: environmental contamination, climate change, and human impact. Berlin: Springer, 392 pp.
Bergstrom D.M. Chown S.L. 1999. Life at the front: history, ecology and change on Southern Ocean islands. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 13, 472477.
Bergstrom D., Hodgson D.A. Convey P. 2006. The physical setting of the Antarctic. In Bergstrom, D.M., Convey, P. & Huiskes, A.H.L., eds. Trends in Antarctic terrestrial and limnetic ecosystems: Antarctica as a global indicator. Dordrecht: Springer, 1533.
Beyer L. Boelter M. 2002. Geoecology of Antarctic ice-free coastal landscapes. Berlin: Springer, 154 pp.
Block W. 1994. Terrestrial ecosystems: Antarctica. Polar Biology, 14, 293300.
Carapelli A., Comandi S., Convey P., Nardi F. Frati F. 2008. The complete mitochondrial genome of the Antarctic springtail Cryptopygus antarcticus (Hexapoda: Collembola). BMC Genomics, 9, 315.
Caruso T., Hogg I.D. Bargagli R. 2010. Identifying appropriate sampling and modelling approaches for analysing distributional patterns of Antarctic terrestrial arthropods along the Victoria Land latitudinal gradient. Antarctic Science, 21, 10.1017/S095410201000043X.
Caruso T., Hogg I.D., Carapelli A., Frati F. Bargagli R. 2009. Large-scale spatial patterns in the distribution of Collembola (Hexapoda) species in Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems. Journal of Biogeography, 36, 879886.
Chown S.L. Convey P. 2007. Spatial and temporal variability across life’s hierarchies in the terrestrial Antarctic. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, B362, 23072331.
Clement M., Posada D. Crandall K. 2000. TCS: a computer program to estimate gene genealogies. Molecular Ecology, 9, 16571660.
Convey P. 1996. Overwintering strategies of terrestrial invertebrates in Antarctica - the significance of flexibility in extremely seasonal environments. European Journal of Entomology, 93, 489505.
Convey P. 2001. Antarctic ecosystems. In Levin, S.A., ed. Encyclopedia of biodiversity. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 171184.
Convey P. Stevens M.I. 2007. Antarctic biodiversity. Science, 317, 18771878.
Convey P., Gibson J.A.E., Hillebrand C.-D., Hodgson D.A., Pugh P.J.A., Smellie J.L. Stevens M.I. 2008. Antarctic terrestrial life – challenging the history of the frozen continent? Biological Reviews, 83, 103117.
Convey P., Stevens M.I., Hodgson D.A., Smellie J.L., Hillenbrand C.-D., Barnes D.K.A., Clarke A., Pugh P.J.A., Linse K. Cary S.C. 2009. Exploring biological constraints on the glacial history of Antarctica. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28, 30353048.
Courtright E.M., Wall D.H., Virginia R.A., Frisse L.M., Vida J.T. Thomas W.K. 2000. Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence diversity in the Antarctic nematode Scottnema lindsayae. Journal of Nematology, 32, 143153.
Excoffier L., Laval G. Schneider S. 2005. Arlequin ver. 3.0: an integrated software package for population genetics data analysis. Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online, 1, 4750.
Fanciulli P.P., Summa D., Dallai R. Frati F. 2001. High levels of genetic variability and population differentiation in Gressittacantha terranova (Hexapoda, Collembola) from Victoria Land, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 13, 246254.
Frati F., Fanciulli P.P., Carapelli A. Dallai R. 1997. The Collembola of northern Victoria Land (Antarctica): distribution and ecological remarks. Pedobiologia, 41, 5055.
Greenslade P. 1995. Collembola from the Scotia Arc and Antarctic Peninsula including descriptions of two new species and notes on biogeography. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 64, 305319.
Hogg I.D., Cary C., Convey P., Newsham K.K., O’Donnell A.G., Adams B.J., Aislabie J., Frati F., Stevens M. Wall D.H. 2006. Biotic interactions in Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems: are they a factor? Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 38, 30353040.
Lawver L.A. Gahagan L.M. 2003. Evolution of Cenozoic seaways in the circum-Antarctic region. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 198, 1137.
Maddison D.R. Maddison W.P. 2000. McClade. Classroom version 4.0. Sunderland, MA, Sinauer Associates.
Marshall D.J. Coetzee L. 2000. Historical biogeography and ecology of a continental Antarctic mite genus, Maudheimia (Acari, Oribatida): evidence for a Gondwanan origin and Pliocene–Pleistocene speciation. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 129, 111128.
McGaughran A., Hogg I.D. Stevens M.I. 2008. Patterns of population genetic structure for springtails and mites in southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 46, 606618.
McGaughran A., Torricelli G., Carapelli A., Frati F., Stevens M., Convey P. Hogg I. 2010. Contrasting phylogeographic patterns for springtails reflect different evolutionary histories between the Antarctic Peninsula and continental Antarctica. Journal of Biogeography, 37, 103119.
McInnes S.J. Pugh P.J.A. 1998. Biogeography of limno-terrestrial Tardigrada, with particular reference to the Antarctic fauna. Journal of Biogeography, 25, 3136.
Nardi F., Spinsanti G., Boore J.L., Carapelli A., Dallai R. Frati F. 2003. Hexapod origins: monophyletic or polyphyletic? Science, 299, 18871889.
Nolan L., Hogg I.D., Stevens M.I. Haase M. 2006. Fine scale distribution of mtDNA haplotypes for the springtail Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni (Collembola) corresponds to an ancient shoreline in Taylor Valley, continental Antarctica. Polar Biology, 29, 813819.
Posada D. Crandall K.A. 1998. Modeltest: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics, 14, 817818.
Pugh P.J.A. 1997. A synonymic catalogue of the Acari from Antarctica, the sub-Antarctic islands and southern Ocean. Journal of Natural History, 27, 323421.
Pugh P.J.A. Convey P. 2008. Surviving out in the cold: Antarctic endemic invertebrates and their refugia. Journal of Biogeography, 35, 21762186.
Rogers A.D. 2007. Evolution and biodiversity of Antarctic organisms: a molecular perspective. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, B362, 21912214.
Stevens M.I. Hogg I.D. 2003. Long-term isolation and recent range expansion revealed for the endemic springtail Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni from southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Molecular Ecology, 12, 23572369.
Stevens M.I. Hogg I.D. 2006a. Contrasting levels of mitochondrial DNA variability between mites (Penthalodidae) and springtails (Hypogastruridae) from the Trans-Antarctic Mountains suggest long-term effects of glaciation and life history on substitution rates, and speciation processes. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 38, 31713180.
Stevens M.I. Hogg I.D. 2006b. Molecular ecology of Antarctic terrestrial invertebrates. In Bergstrom, D.M., Convey, P. & Huiskes, A.H.L., eds. Trends in Antarctic terrestrial and limnetic ecosystems: Antarctica as a global indicator. Dordrecht: Springer, 177192.
Stevens M.I., Greenslade P., Hogg I.D. Sunnucks P. 2006. Southern hemisphere springtails: could any have survived glaciation of Antarctica? Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 23, 874882.
Stevens M.I., Frati F., McGaughran A., Spinsanti G. Hogg I.D. 2007. Phylogeographic structure suggests multiple glacial refugia in northern Victoria Land for the endemic Antarctic springtail Desoria klovstadi (Collembola, Isotomidae). Zoologica Scripta, 36, 201212.
Sugden D.E., Bentley M.J. Cofaigh C.O. 2006. Geological and geomorphological insights into Antarctic ice sheet evolution. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, A364, 16071625.
Swofford D.L. 2001. PAUP*: phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and other methods), version 4.0. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
Torricelli G., Carapelli A., Convey P., Nardi F., Boore J.L. Frati F. 2010. High divergence across the whole mitochondrial genome in the “pan-Antarctic” springtail Friesea grisea: evidence for cryptic species? Gene, 449, 3040.
Wharton D.A. 2003. The environmental physiology of Antarctic terrestrial nematodes: a review. Journal of Comparative Physiology, B173, 621628.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antarctic Science
  • ISSN: 0954-1020
  • EISSN: 1365-2079
  • URL: /core/journals/antarctic-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary Materials

Torricelli et al supplementary material
Table S1

 Word (28 KB)
28 KB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 64 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 98 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 12th December 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.