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A Roman pastrycook's mould from Silchester

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 November 2011


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Copyright © The Society of Antiquaries of London 1958

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page 237 note 1 No further details seem to exist.

page 237 note 2 The fabric contains well-rounded grains of yellow, milky, and clear quartz, which may well have been derived from the Reading Beds. A fragment of lamellibranch shell is unfortunately too small to be of assistance in determining the origin of the material. (I am indebted to Mr. A. Tynan, lately Asst. Keeper of Geology at the National Museum of Wales, for this information.)

page 237 note 3 It will be appreciated that, in the state of the impression, not all the features described in the text may be visible on the photographs. In many cases, prolonged study of the object, in all lightings, was necessary before certain points could be cleared up.

page 237 note 4 Arch. Ael. ser. 3, vi, 224–5, figs. 6, 6A; J.R.S., xxix, 208, pl. 29; unpubl.

page 237 note 5 Lauriae Aquincenses, i, 312 ff. (Diss. Pann., ser. 2, X, 1938).

page 237 note 6 Alföldi, p. 312, gives refs.

page 237 note 7 p. 337; pl. LVII, 3a–b.

page 237 note 8 p. 331, no. 23, MANlius; pp. 335–6, no. 40, CERA, &c.

page 237 note 9 pp. 335–6, no. 40, pl. LII; pp. 337–8, no. 43, pl. LVII, 3a-b.

page 238 note 1 pp. 328 ff., 331, for these; pls. XLVIII–L.

page 238 note 2 It is perhaps noteworthy that Alföldi, pls. XLVIII et seqq. shows examples with the same kind of bordering as appears on the present specimen.

page 238 note 3 Cohen, , Médailles impériales, 2nd ed., iii, pp. 155 (early)Google Scholar, 150 (late).

page 238 note 4 Ibid., pp. 216 (Lucilla), 386 (Crispina).

page 238 note 5 Ibid., pp. 402–3.

page 238 note 6 Roman Imperial Coinage, IV, i, p. 63, dates this style to c. 206–11.

page 238 note 7 Cohen, iv, pp 247, 249 (Plautilla), 376 ff. for later empresses.

page 238 note 8 Ibid., p. 107, lower fig., p. 115.

page 238 note 9 Ibid., pp. III, 116, 123–4, 125.

page 238 note 10 Ibid., pp. 16, &c.

page 239 note 1 Ibid., pp. 185, &c.

page 239 note 2 Ibid., p. 277.

page 239 note 3 Roman Silchester (1957), p. 127.

page 239 note 4 By the rite of confarreatio, in which special cakes were burnt; it was thought that the right-hand male figure held such a cake. Marriages, or rather married persons, as shown on coins, are represented as standing well apart and clearly clasping hands; usually with a concordia-legend. Cf. Cohen, iv, pp. 247, 381, 384, 487.

page 239 note 5 e.g. saecularia sacra, Cohen, iv, p. 272.

page 239 note 6 BMC Roman Empire, V, pls. 53–62; RIC, IV, i, 212 ff., 314 ff. Cohen quotes a coin from Vaillant (iv, p. 253, no. 1) with a laurelled Caesar-bust of Geta, but it is probably false.

page 240 note 1 CIL, vii, 7: IVLIAE AVG/MATRI SE/NATVS ET/CASTROR/M SABINIVS/VICTOR OB/------/. Cf. also Dessau, 442–4.

page 240 note 2 The British war reached its climax in 210, in which year coins with Victory types, and obverse inscription BRITannicus, appeared (RIC 332 ff., &c., of Severus; 202b, 203, &c. of Caracalla, and 91 f., &c, of Geta). Perhaps a trophy, or captives, or a representation of Victory, would be more appropriate to the conclusion of the campaign than the scene shown on the Silchester mould, which may accordingly refer to a slightly earlier occasion.