Skip to main content
×
×
Home

John Carter, FSA (1748–1817): ‘The Ingenious, and Very Accurate Draughtsman’

  • Bernard Nurse (a1) and J Mordaunt Crook (a2)
Abstract

John Carter's newly catalogued papers and correspondence in the archives of King's College London throw considerable new light on his relationship with members of the Society of Antiquaries and his patrons, and include previously unpublished sketches of several of them. His memoirs show that a small group of wealthy antiquaries recognized his skills as an accurate and conscientious draughtsman and encouraged him faithfully to record historic – and especially medieval – buildings and monuments. Many of these buildings were later altered or destroyed, and his numerous surviving drawings are thus of immense value to scholars. The opportunity has also been taken to publish a postscript with additional comments and corrections to the Society's monograph, John Carter and the Mind of the Gothic Revival (1995).

Les écrits et la correspondance de John Carter qui se trouvent dans les archives de King's College, Londres, et qui viennent d’être catalogués, jettent vraiment un jour nouveau sur ses rapports avec les membres de la Société des Antiquaires et ses patrons, et comprennent des croquis de plusieurs d'entre eux, qui n'avaient jamais été publiés. Ses mémoires montrent qu'un petit groupe de riches antiquaires reconnaissaient son talent de dessinateur précis et consciencieux et l'encourageaient à faire des dessins très exacts de bâtiments et de monuments historiques – tout particulièrement médiévaux. Nombre de ces bâtiments furent changés ou détruits par la suite, et les nombreux dessins qui nous restent de lui sont donc d'une très grande valeur pour les spécialistes. Nous avons également saisi l'occasion de publier un post-scriptum contenant des corrections et des remarques supplémentaires à la monographie de la Société, John Carter and the Mind of the Gothic Revival (1995).

John Carters katalogisierten Aufsätze und Korrespondenzen in den Archiven des King's College, London offenbaren viele neue Informationen über seine Beziehungen zu den Mitgliedern der Society of Antiquaries und deren Schirmherren, unter anderem auch bis jetzt unveröffentlichte Skizzen von mehreren von ihnen. Carters Memoiren zeigen, daß eine kleine Gruppe von wohlhabenden Altertumskennern sein Talent als sorgfältigen und gewissenhaften Zeichner erkannten und ihn anregten historische – und vor allem mittelalterliche – Gebäude und Monumente akkurat aufzuzeichnen. Viele dieser Gebäude wurden später umgebaut oder zerstört und seine umfangreiche Sammlung von Zeichnungen ist daher von unmittelbarem Wert für Gelehrte. Es wird auch die Gelegenheit ergriffen, ein Nachwort für die Monographie der Society John Carter and the Mind of the Gothic Revival (1995) zu veröffentlichen, das viele zusätzliche Kommentare und Korrekturen enthält.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Ashmolean, Department of Western Art, Moore-Miller Papers
BL, Add mss 26109, 27322, 29925–44, 31113
Bodleian, ms Eng Lett a 1, b 32, Don d 89
KCL, Archives, Leathes 7/1–8
Leeds, University Library, Brotherton Collection, Misc Letters 2 Carter (letters to Barrett, 1781–94)
Private Collection, London (Arnold Hunt), Carter's letters to Gough, 1792 and 1796
SAL, Archives, Correspondence
SAL, Archives, Audit Books 1761–80, 1785–91
SAL, Blue Portfolio (St Stephen's)
SAL, Council Minutes
SAL, Red Portfolio (Derby)
SAL, Red Portfolio (Hants)
SAL, Red Portfolio (Herts)
SAL, Minutes
SAL, ms 447/2
Badham, S 1987. ‘Richard Gough and the flowering of romantic antiquarianism’, Church Monuments, 2, 3243
Bailey, M 2006. ‘The rediscovery of the Hereford Mappamundi, early references, 1684–1873’, in The Hereford World Map (ed P D A Harvey), 4578, London: British Library
Bell, A 2004. ‘Sykes, Sir Mark Masterman, third baronet (1771–1823)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/26869> (2 Feb 2011)
Bell, C F 1915–17. ‘Fresh light on some water-colour painters of the old British School, derived from the collections and papers of James Moore, FSA’, Walpole Soc, 5, 4783
Blum, P Z 1998. ‘Thirteenth-century glass of the Salisbury Chapter House’, Gesta, 37 (2), 142149
Bradley, S 2002. ‘The Englishness of Gothic: theories and interpretations from William Gilpin to J H Parker’, Architect Hist, 45, 325346
British Architectural Library 1994–2003. Early Printed Books 1478–1840, 5 vols, Munich: Bowker-Saur
Britton, J 1828. History and Antiquities of Peterborough Cathedral, London: Longman & Co
Britton, J 1850. ‘On the life, professional works, writings, and character of John Carter, FSA and draughtsman’, The Builder, 8, pt 386 (29 June 1850), 302304
Britton, J 1851. ‘Carter's drawings of York Cathedral’, Notes Queries, 33, 40
Brydges, E 1834. The autobiography … of Sir Egerton Brydges, 2 vols, London: Cochrane & M'Crone
[Buckler, J C] 1817. ‘Memoir of Mr John Carter, F.A.S.’, GM, 87 (2), 366368
Cameron, C 1772. The baths of the Romans explained and illustrated, with the restorations of Palladio corrected and improved, London: George Scott
Campbell, L 1998. National Gallery Catalogues: the fifteenth-century Netherlandish schools, London: National Gallery Publications and Yale University Press
Campbell, T 2007. Henry VIII and the Art of Majesty: tapestries at the Tudor court, London: Yale University Press
Carter, J 1780–94. Specimens of the Ancient Sculpture and Painting, now remaining in this kingdom, from the earliest period to the reign of Henry VIII, 2 vols, London
Carter, J 1786–93. Views of Ancient Buildings in England, 6 vols, London
Carter, J 1802. ‘Pursuits of architectural innovation’, GM, 72 (2), 1115
Carter, J 1803. ‘Publications of cathedrals by the Antiquarian Society’, GM, 73 (1), 106107
Carter, J 1804. ‘Pursuits of architectural innovation’, GM, 74 (1), 508512
Carter, J 1817. Specimens of English ecclesiastical costume, from the earliest period down to the sixteenth century, selected from sculptures, paintings, and brasses … extracted from the new edition of Fosbrooke's ‘British Monachism’, London: Nichols, Son & Bentley
Chambers, W 1791. Treatise on the Decorative Part of Civil Architecture, London: Joseph Smeeton
Champ, J 2004. ‘Milner, John (1752–1826)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/18791> (2 Feb 2011)
Chandler, R, Revett, N Pars, W 1769. Ionian antiquities, London: Society of Dilettanti
Coles, J M 1962. ‘European Bronze Age shields’, Proc Prehist Soc, new ser, 28, 156190
Colvin, H 2008. A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600–1840, 4th edn, London: Yale University Press
Crook, J M 1973. ‘Strawberry Hill revisited’, Country Life, 153 (7 June), 1598–1602; (14 June), 1726–30; (21 June), 1794–7; and letter (28 June), 1886
Crook, J M 1995. John Carter and the Mind of the Gothic Revival, London: Society of Antiquaries
Crook, J M 2004. ‘Carter, John (1748–1817)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/4791> (2 Feb 2011)
Dille, C 2006. ‘Seward, William (1747–99)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/25137> (2 Feb 2011)
Dressler, R 2005. ‘“Those effigies which belonged to the nation”: antiquarianism, nationalism and Charles Alfred Stothard's Monumental Effigies of Great Britain, Stud Medievalism, 14, 143174
Englefield, H Windham, J 1792. Report on the proper methods of measuring and drawing antient buildings, London: Society of Antiquaries
Englefield, H Windham, J 1797. Plans, Elevations … of the Cathedral Church of Exeter, London: Society of Antiquaries
Evans, D M 2009. ‘“Banks is the villain!”? Sir Joseph Banks and the governance of the Society of Antiquaries’, Antiq J, 89, 337363
Evans, J 1956. A History of the Society of Antiquaries, London: Society of Antiquaries
Farington, J 1978–84. The Diary of Joseph Farington (eds K Garlick, A Macintyre and K Cave), 16 vols, London: Yale University Press
Farrant, J H 2008. ‘Grimm, Samuel Hieronymous (bap. 1733, d. 1794)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/11635> (2 Feb 2011)
Frew, J M 1980. ‘An aspect of the Early Gothic Revival: the transformation of medievalist research, 1770–1800’, J Warburg Courtauld Inst, 43, 174185
Frew, J M 1982. ‘Gothic is English: John Carter and the revival of Gothic as England's national style’, Art Bull, 64, 315319
Gough, R 1783. The History and Antiquities of Croyland-Abbey in the County of Lincoln, in J Nichols, Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica, 3 (11), 1–176
Gough, R 1786–96. Sepulchral monuments in Great Britain applied to illustrate the history of families, manners, habits, arts, London: J Nichols
Graves, A 1905–6. The Royal Academy of Art, 8 vols, London: H Graves
Graves, A 1907. The Society of Artists of Great Britain 1760–1791 [and] The Free Society of Artists 1761–1783, London: G Bell & Sons
Grose, F 1773–87. The Antiquities of England and Wales, 6 vols, London: S Hooper
Hardie, M 1967. Water-colour Painting in Britain 1: the eighteenth century, 2nd edn, London: Batsford
Harris, E 1990. British Architectural Books and Writers 1556–1785, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Hayward Gallery 1984. English Romanesque Art 1066–1200, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
Hazen, A T 1973. A Bibliography of the Strawberry Hill Press, Folkstone: Dawsons
Hoare, R C 1806. The Itinerary of Archbishop Baldwin through Wales, 2 vols, London: William Miller
[Hore, J] 1817. ‘Memoir of the late Mr John Carter, F.A.S.’, GM, 87 (2), 363366
Hutchings, V 2009. ‘Hoare, Sir (Richard) Colt, second baronet (1758–1838)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/13387> (2 Feb 2011)
Kuist, J M 1982. The Nichols File of the Gentleman's Magazine: attributions of authorship and other documentation in editorial papers at the Folger Library, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press
Lewis, E 2007. ‘Drawings of antiquities in the Society's albums c 1750–1860’, Ant J, 87, 365386
Lewis, W S (ed) 1937–83. Horace Walpole's Correspondence, 48 vols, New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press
Lloyd, S Sloan, K 2008. The Intimate Portrait, Edinburgh: National Galleries of Scotland and London: British Museum
Lorraine de Montluzin, E 1993. ‘Attributions of authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine, 1793–1808: a supplement to Kuist’, Stud Bibliography, 46, 320349
Lorraine de Montluzin, E 1994. ‘Attributions of authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine, 1809–26: a supplement to Kuist’, Stud Bibliography, 47, 164195
Murphy, J 1795. Plans, Elevations, Sections, and Views of the Church of Batalha, London
Nichols, J B 1855. ‘Some notices of the library at Stourhead’, Wiltshire Archaeol Natur Hist Mag, 2, 119125
Nurse, B 2000. ‘George Cruikshank's The Antiquarian Society, 1812, and Sir Henry Charles Englefield’, Antiq J, 80, 316320
Nurse, B 2007. ‘Bringing truth to light’, in Nurse et al (eds) (2007), 143–61
Nurse, B 2008. ‘Englefield, Sir Henry Charles, seventh baronet (c.1752–1822)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/8812> (2 Feb 2011)
Nurse, B, Gaimster, D McCarthy, S (eds) 2007. Making History: antiquaries in Britain 1707–2007, London: Royal Academy
Park, D 1988. ‘A lost fourteenth-century altar-piece from Ingham, Norfolk’, Burlington Mag, 130, 132136
Parry, G 1995. The Trophies of Time: English antiquarians of the seventeenth century, Oxford: Oxford University Press
Peltz, L 2007. ‘A friendly gathering: the social politics of presentation books and their extra-illustration in Horace Walpole's circle’, J Hist Collect, 19 (1), 3349
Pickles, J D 2004. ‘Lort, Michael (1724/5–1790)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/17022> (2 Feb 2011)
Pinkerton, J M 1978. ‘Richard Bull of Ongar, Essex’, The Book Collector, 27, 4159
Pooley, J 2008. ‘Bray, William (1735/6–1832)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/3299> (2 Feb 2011)
Roberts, M E 1986. ‘John Carter at St. Stephen's Chapel: a romantic turns archaeologist’, in England in the Fourteenth Century: proceedings of the 1985 Harlaxton symposium (ed W M Ormrod), 202212, Woodbridge: Shaun Tyas
Roberts, M 1988. The Emergence of Clarity: images of English cathedrals 1640–1840, Charlottesville: McIntire Department of Art, University of Virginia
Rodwell, W 2009. Dorchester Abbey, Oxfordshire: the archaeology and architecture of a cathedral, monastery and parish church, Oxford: Oxbow
Rodwell, W Leighton, G 2006. Architectural Records of Wells by John Carter, FSA, 1784–1808, Somerset Rec Soc 92, Taunton: Somerset Record Society
Rodwell, W 2010. ‘The chapter house complex: morphology and construction’, in Westminster Abbey Chapter House (eds W Rodwell and R Mortimer), 131, London: Society of Antiquaries
Rogers, C 1782. ‘An Account of certain earthen masks from the Musquito [sic] Shore’, Archaeologia, 6, 107–9
Roscoe, I 2009. A Biographical Dictionary of Sculptors in Britain 1660–1851, London: Yale University Press
Sebag-Montefiore, C 2004. ‘Parker, Thomas Lister (1779–1858)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21343> (2 Feb 2011)
Smiles, S 2000. ‘Recording the Gothic: art and information’, in Eye Witness: artists and visual documentation in Britain 1770–1830 (ed S Smiles), 4775, Aldershot: Ashgate
Smiles, S 2002. ‘Data, documentation and display in eighteenth-century investigations of Exeter Cathedral’, Art Hist, 25 (4), 500–19
Smiles, S 2003. ‘Record and reverie: representing British antiquity in the eighteenth century’, in Enlightening the British: knowledge, discovery and the museum in the eighteenth century (eds R G W Anderson, M L Caygill, A G MacGregor and L Syson), 176184, London: British Museum Press
Smiles, S 2007. ‘The art of recording’, in Nurse et al (eds) (2007), 123–5
Smith, G 2002. The Emergence of the Professional Watercolourist, Aldershot: Ashgate
Snodin, M (ed) 2009. Horace Walpole's Strawberry Hill, London: Yale University Press
Stothard, C 1817–32. The Monumental Effigies of Great Britain, London: J McCreery
Stuart, J Revett, N 1762–87. The Antiquities of Athens, i, 1762; ii, 1787, London: Society of Dilettanti
Sweet, R H 2004. Antiquaries: the discovery of the past in eighteenth-century Britain, London: Hambledon & London
Sweet, R H 2008. ‘Gough, Richard (1735–1809)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/11141> (2 Feb 2011)
Sweet, R H 2009. ‘Richard Gough: the man and the antiquary’, Bodleian Library Rec, 22 (2), 120141
Tiller, K (ed) 2005. Dorchester Abbey: church and people 635–2005, Witney: Stonesfield Press
Topham, J Englefield, H 1795–1811. Plans, Elevations, Sections and Specimens of the Architecture and ornaments of … St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster, London: Society of Antiquaries
Tyack, G 2004. ‘Buckler, John (1770–1851)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, <http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/3863> (2 Feb 2011)
Whittemore, P Byrom, C 2009. A Very British Antiquary: Richard Gough 1735–1809, London: Wynchmore Books
Woodbridge, K 1970. Landscape and Antiquity: aspects of culture at Stourhead 1718 to 1838, Oxford: Clarendon Press
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Antiquaries Journal
  • ISSN: 0003-5815
  • EISSN: 1758-5309
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquaries-journal
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed