Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The acquisition of /r/ and /l/ by Japanese learners of English: Evidence that speech production can precede speech perception

  • Amy Sheldon (a1) and Winifred Strange (a1)
Abstract
ABSTRACT

This study examines the relationship between the production and perception of English /r/ and /l/ by native Japanese adults learning English in the United States. For some subjects, production of the contrast was more accurate than their perception of it, replicating and extending a previous finding reported by Goto (1971) in Japan. The difficulty in perception of the liquid contrast varied with its position in the word. Prevocalic /r/ and /l/ in consonant clusters yielded the greatest perceptual errors, while word-final liquids were accurately perceived. This pattern of errors is not predictable on the basis of contrastive phonological analysis, but might be the result of acoustic-phonetic factors. Implications for second language pedagogy are discussed.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Amy Sheldon, Department of Linguistics, 142 Klaeber Court, University of Minnesota, 320 16th Avenue, S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

B. Bloch Studies in colloquial Japanese IV: Phonemics. Language, 1950, 26, 86125.

R. M. Dalston Acoustic characteristics of English /w, r, l/ spoken correctly by young children and adults. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 1975, 57, 462469.

W. B. Dickerson The psycholinguistic unity of language learning and language change. Language Learning, 1976, 26.2, 215231.

P. D. Eimas Auditory and phonetic coding of the cues for speech: Discrimination of the /r-l/ distinction by young infants. Perception and Psychophysics, 1975, 18, 341347.

D. Fucci , M. A. Crary , J. A. Warren , & Z. S. Bond Interaction between auditory and oral sensory feedback in speech regulation. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1977, 45, 123129.

H. Goto Auditory perception by normal Japanese adults of the sounds “1” and “r”. Neuropsychologia, 1971, 9, 317323.

W. A. Henning Discrimination training and self-evaluation in the teaching of pronunciation. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 1966, 4, 717.

R. Jakobson Child Language, aphasia, and phonological universals. The Hague: Mouton, 1968.

H. Lane & B. Schneider Methods for self-shaping echoic behavior. Modern Language Journal, 1963, 47, 154160.

K. Miyawaki , W. Strange , R. R. Verbrugge , A. M. Liberman , J. J. Jenkins , & O. Fujimura An effect of linguistic experience: The discrimination of/r/ and /l/ by native speakers of Japanese and English. Perception and Psychophysics, 1975, 18, 331340.

V. Postovsky Effects of delay in oral practice at the beginning of second language learning. Modern Language Journal, 1974, 58, 229239.

W. Strange , & P. A. Broen The relationship between perception and production of /w/, /r/, and /l/ by three-year-old children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1981, 31, 81102.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Applied Psycholinguistics
  • ISSN: 0142-7164
  • EISSN: 1469-1817
  • URL: /core/journals/applied-psycholinguistics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 528 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 710 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.