Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 48
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Lucks Mendel, Lisa and Widner, Hannah 2016. Speech perception in noise for bilingual listeners with normal hearing. International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 55, Issue. 2, p. 126.

    Masuda, Hinako 2016. Misperception patterns of American English consonants by Japanese listeners in reverberant and noisy environments. Speech Communication, Vol. 79, p. 74.

    Ouzia, Julia and Filippi, Roberto 2016. Cognitive Control and Consequences of Multilingualism.

    Peng, Z. Ellen and Wang, Lily M. 2016. Effects of noise, reverberation and foreign accent on native and non-native listeners' performance of English speech comprehension. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 139, Issue. 5, p. 2772.

    Phillips, Natalie A. 2016. The Implications of Cognitive Aging for Listening and the Framework for Understanding Effortful Listening (FUEL). Ear and Hearing, Vol. 37, p. 44S.

    Schmidtke, Jens 2016. The Bilingual Disadvantage in Speech Understanding in Noise Is Likely a Frequency Effect Related to Reduced Language Exposure. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 7,

    Wang, Ruiming Fan, Xiaoyue Liu, Cong and Cai, Zhenguang G. 2016. Cognitive control and word recognition speed influence the Stroop effect in bilinguals. International Journal of Psychology, Vol. 51, Issue. 2, p. 93.

    Bidelman, Gavin M. and Dexter, Lauren 2015. Bilinguals at the “cocktail party”: Dissociable neural activity in auditory–linguistic brain regions reveals neurobiological basis for nonnative listeners’ speech-in-noise recognition deficits. Brain and Language, Vol. 143, p. 32.

    Heinrich, Antje Henshaw, Helen and Ferguson, Melanie A. 2015. The relationship of speech intelligibility with hearing sensitivity, cognition, and perceived hearing difficulties varies for different speech perception tests. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 6,

    Kraus, Nina and White-Schwoch, Travis 2015. Unraveling the Biology of Auditory Learning: A Cognitive–Sensorimotor–Reward Framework. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 19, Issue. 11, p. 642.

    Mishra, Ramesh Kumar 2015. Listening through the native tongue: A review essay on Cutler'sNative listening: Language experience and the recognition of spoken words. Philosophical Psychology, Vol. 28, Issue. 7, p. 1064.

    Shi, Lu-Feng 2015. English word frequency and recognition in bilinguals: Inter-corpus comparison and error analysis. International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 54, Issue. 10, p. 674.

    Slater, Jessica Skoe, Erika Strait, Dana L. O’Connell, Samantha Thompson, Elaine and Kraus, Nina 2015. Music training improves speech-in-noise perception: Longitudinal evidence from a community-based music program. Behavioural Brain Research, Vol. 291, p. 244.

    Xu, Ke Soli, Sigfrid D. Zheng, Yun Liu, Shixi Li, Gang Tao, Yong and Meng, Zhaoli 2015. Quantification of the effects of Mandarin dialect differences on the use of norm-referenced speech perception tests. International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 54, Issue. 7, p. 461.

    Zhou, Xiaoqing Yuan, Wei Galvin, John J. Fu, Qian-Jie and Zhang, Ying 2015. Influence of language experience on digit recognition by English and Chinese listeners. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 138, Issue. 3, p. EL324.

    Gilbert, Rachael C. Chandrasekaran, Bharath and Smiljanic, Rajka 2014. Recognition memory in noise for speech of varying intelligibilitya). The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 135, Issue. 1, p. 389.

    Gor, Kira 2014. Raspberry, not a car: context predictability and a phonological advantage in early and late learners’ processing of speech in noise. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 5,

    Rankin, Elizabeth Newton, Caroline Parker, Ann and Bruce, Carolyn 2014. Hearing loss and auditory processing ability in people with aphasia. Aphasiology, Vol. 28, Issue. 5, p. 576.

    Van Engen, Kristin J. and Peelle, Jonathan E. 2014. Listening effort and accented speech. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Vol. 8,

    Omidvar, Shaghayegh Jafari, Zahra Tahaei, Ali Akbar and Salehi, Masoud 2013. Comparison of auditory temporal resolution between monolingual Persian and bilingual Turkish-Persian individuals. International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 52, Issue. 4, p. 236.


Effects of bilingualism, noise, and reverberation on speech perception by listeners with normal hearing

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2006

This study compared monosyllabic word recognition in quiet, noise, and noise with reverberation for 15 monolingual American English speakers and 12 Spanish–English bilinguals who had learned English prior to 6 years of age and spoke English without a noticeable foreign accent. Significantly poorer word recognition scores were obtained for the bilingual listeners than for the monolingual listeners under conditions of noise and noise with reverberation, but not in quiet. Although bilinguals with little or no foreign accent in their second language are often assumed by their peers, or their clinicians in the case of hearing loss, to be identical in perceptual abilities to monolinguals, the present data suggest that they may have greater difficulty in recognizing words in noisy or reverberant listening environments.

Corresponding author
Catherine L. Rogers, University of South Florida, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, 4202 E. Fowler Avenue, PCD 1017, Tampa, FL 33620. E-mail:
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Applied Psycholinguistics
  • ISSN: 0142-7164
  • EISSN: 1469-1817
  • URL: /core/journals/applied-psycholinguistics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *