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Lexical storage and retrieval in language-impaired children*

  • Robert Kail (a1), Catherine A. Hale (a1), Laurence B. Leonard (a1) and Marilyn A. Nippold (a1)

We tested 20 language-impaired children, 20 age-matched normal children, and 20 language-matched normal children. In free recall, children simply remembered as many words possible; in cued recall, the experimenter provided the category names as retrieval cues; in repeated free recall, children recalled the list three times in succession. The principal results were that (1) language-impaired children recalled fewer words than their agemates in both free and cued recall, and (2) the pattern of repeated free recall suggested that language-impaired children were less likely than their agemates to store a word when presented, and were less consistent in their retrieval of words. Our discussion concerns the roles of lexical acquisition and lexical retrieval in language-impaired children's word-finding problems.

Corresponding author
Laurence B. Leonard, Department of Audiology and Speech Sciences, Heavilon Hall, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907
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This article was processed and accepted under the editorship of Sheldon Rosenberg.

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Applied Psycholinguistics
  • ISSN: 0142-7164
  • EISSN: 1469-1817
  • URL: /core/journals/applied-psycholinguistics
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