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Semantic ambiguity norms for 530 Spanish words


This study presents semantic ambiguity norms for 530 Spanish words. Two subjective measures of semantic ambiguity and two subjective measures of relatedness of ambiguous word meanings were collected. In addition, two objective measures of semantic ambiguity were included. Furthermore, subjective ratings were obtained for some relevant lexicosemantic variables, such as concreteness, familiarity, emotional valence, arousal, and age of acquisition. In sum, the database overcomes some of the limitations of the published databases of Spanish ambiguous words; in particular, the scarcity of measures of ambiguity, the lack of relatedness of ambiguous word meanings measures, and the absence of a set of unambiguous words. Thus, it will be very helpful for researchers interested in exploring semantic ambiguity as well as for those using semantic ambiguous words to study language processing in clinical populations.

Corresponding author
ADDRESS FOR CORRESPONDENCE Juan Haro, Department of Psychology and CRAMC, University Rovira i Virgili, Crta. De Valls s/n., 43007-Tarragona. Spain. E-mail:
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Applied Psycholinguistics
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