Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

What compound words mean to children with specific language impairment

  • KARLA K. MCGREGOR (a1), GWYNETH C. ROST (a1), LING YU GUO (a1) and LI SHENG (a1)

Abstract

Sixteen children (17 age mates, 17 vocabulary mates) with specific language impairment (SLI) participated in two studies. In the first, they named fantasy objects. All groups coined novel noun–noun compounds on a majority of trials but only the SLI group had difficulty ordering the nouns as dictated by semantic context. In the second study, the children described the meaning of conventional noun–noun compounds. The SLI and AM groups did not differ in parsing the nouns, but the SLI group was poorer at explaining the semantic relationships between them. Compared to vocabulary mates, a larger proportion of the SLI group successfully parsed the compounds but a smaller proportion could explain them. These difficulties may reflect problems in the development of links within the semantic lexicon.

Copyright

Corresponding author

ADDRESS FOR CORRESPONDENCE Karla K. McGregor, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, 121-C Speech and Hearing Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242. E-mail: karla-mcgregor@uiowa.edu

References

Hide All
American Speech–Language–Hearing Association. (1997). Guidelines for audiologic screening. Rockville, MD: Author.
Berko, J. (1958). The child's learning of English derivational morphology. Word, 14, 150177.
Bishop, D. V. M. (1992). The underlying nature of specific language impairment. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 33, 366.
Bishop, D. V. M. (1997). Uncommon understanding: Development and disorders of language comprehension in children. Hove: Psychology Press.
Carr, E. (1959). Word-compounding in American speech. Speech Monographs, 26, 120.
Clahsen, H. (1991). Child language and developmental dysphasia. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Clark, E. V. (1993). The lexicon in acquisition. Cambridge: University Press.
Clark, E. V., Gelman, S. A., & Lane, N. M. (1985). Compound nouns and category structure in young children. Child Development, 56, 8494.
Clarke, M., & Leonard, L. (1996). Lexical comprehension and grammatical deficits in children with specific language impairment. Journal of Communication Disorders, 29, 95105.
Dalalakis, J. E. (1999). Morphological representation in specific language impairment: Evidence from Greek word formation. Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica, 51, 2035.
Dawson, J. I., Stout, C. E. & Eyer, J. A. (2003). Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test (3rd ed.). DeKalb, IL: Janelle Publications.
DeThorne, L. S., & Watkins, R. V. (2006). Language abilities and nonverbal IQ in children with language impairment: Inconsistency across measures. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 20, 641658.
Dockrell, J. E., Messer, D., George, R., & Ralli, A. (2003). Beyond naming patterns in children with WFDs—Definitions for nouns and verbs. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 16, 191211.
Dollaghan, C. A., Campbell, T. F., Paradise, J. L. et al. (1999). Maternal education and measures of early speech and language. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 42, 14321443.
Dunn, L. M., & Dunn, L. M. (1997). Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (3rd ed.). Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
Fukuda, S. E., & Fukuda, S. (1999). The operation of rendaku in the Japanese specifically language-impaired: a preliminary investigation. Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica 51, 3654.
Gillam, R. B., & Pearson, N. A. (2004). Test of Narrative Language. Austin TX: ProEd.
Goulden, R., Nation, P., & Read, J. (1990). How large can a receptive vocabulary be? Applied Linguistics, 11, 341363.
Grela, B., Snyder, W., & Hiramatsu, K. (2005). The production of novel root compounds in children with specific language impairment. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 19, 701715.
Hamann, C., Penner, Z., & Lindner, K. (1998). German impaired grammar: The clause structure revisited. Language Acquisition, 7, 193245.
Haynes, C. (1992). Vocabulary deficit: one problem or many? Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 8, 117.
Hsu, J. (1999). Multiple comparisons: Theory and methods. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman & Hall/CRC Press.
Kail, R., & Leonard, L. B. (1986). Word-finding abilities in language-impaired children. ASHA Monographs, 25.
Kaufman, A. S., & Kaufman, N. L. (1990). Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
Kehayia, E. (1997). Lexical access and representation in individuals with developmental language impairment: A cross-linguistic study. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 10, 139149.
Korkman, M., Kirk, U., & Kemp, S. (1998). A Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment (NEPSY). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Krott, A., Gagné, C., & Nicoladis, E. (2009). How the parts relate to the whole: Frequency effects on children's interpretations of novel compounds. Journal of Child Language, 36, 85112.
Krott, A., & Nicoladis, E. (2005). Large constituent families help children parse compounds. Journal of Child Language, 32, 139158.
Leonard, L., Miller, C., & Gerber, E. (1999). Grammatical morphology and the lexicon in children with specific language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 42, 678689.
Leonard, L. B. (1998). Children with specific language impairment. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Leonard, L. B., Davis, J., & Deevy, P. (2007). Phonotactic probability and past tense use by children with specific language impairment and their typically developing peers. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 21, 747758.
McGregor, K. K., & Appel, A. (2002). On the relation between mental representation and naming in a child with specific language impairment. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 16, 120.
McGregor, K. K., Berns, A., Owen, A. J., & Michels, S. A. (2010). Associations between syntax and the lexicon among children with SLI and ASD. Unpublished manuscript.
McGregor, K. K., Newman, R. M., Reilly, R., & Capone, N. C. (2002). Semantic representation and naming in children with specific language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 45, 9981014.
Miller, C., Kail, R., Leonard, L., & Tomblin, J. B. (2001). Speed of processing in children with specific language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 44, 416433.
Munro, N. (2007). The quality of word learning in children with specific language impairment. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Sydney.
Nicoladis, E. (2002). The cues that children use in acquiring adjectival phrases and compound nouns: Evidence from bilingual children. Brain and Language, 81, 635648.
Nicoladis, E., & Krott, A. (2007). Word family size and French-speaking children segmentation of existing compounds. Language Learning, 57, 201228.
Oetting, J. B., & Rice, M. L. (1993). Plural acquisition in children with specific language impairment. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 36, 12361248.
Perona, K., Plante, E., & Vance, R. (2005). Diagnostic accuracy of the Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test (SPELT-3) (3rd ed.). Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 36, 103115.
Purcell, S., Eley, T. C., Dale, P. S., Oliver, B., Petrill, S. A., Price, T. S. et al. (2001). Comorbidity between verbal and non-verbal cognitive delays in 2-year-olds: A bivariate twin analysis. Developmental Science, 4, 195208.
Raitano, N. A., Pennington, B. F., Tunick, R. A., Boada, R., & Shriberg, L. D. (2004). Pre-literacy skills of subgroups of children with speech sound disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 821.
Roberts, S. S., & Leonard, L. B. (1997). Grammatical deficits in German and English: A crosslinguistic study of children with specific language impairment. First Language, 17, 131150.
Sheng, L., & McGregor, K. K. (2008). Lexical–semantic organization in children with SLI. Unpublished manuscript.
Simmonds, L., Messer, D., & Dockrell, J. (2005, July). Exploring semantic deficits in children with WFDs. Paper presented at the 10th International Congress for the Study of Child Language, Berlin.
Stothard, S. E., Snowling, M. J., Bishop, D. V. M., Chipchase, B. B., & Kaplan, C. A. (1998). Language impaired preschoolers: A follow-up into adolescence. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 41, 407418.
Thal, D., O'Hanlon, L., Clemmons, M., & Fralin, L. (1999). Validity of a parent report measure of vocabulary and syntax for preschool children with language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 42, 482496.
Tomblin, J. B., Smith, E., & Zhang, X. (1997). Epidemiology of specific language impairment: Prenatal and perinatal risk factors. Journal of Communication Disorders, 30, 325344.
Trauner, D., Wulfeck, B., Tallal, P., & Hesselink, J. (1995). Neurologic and MRI profiles of language impaired children (Technical Report No. CND-9513). San Diego, CA: University of California San Diego, Center for Research in Language.
Van Der Lely, H. K. J., & Christian, V. (2000). Lexical word formation in children with grammatical SLI: A grammar-specific versus an input-processing deficit? Cognition, 75, 3363.
Van Helden-Lankhaar, M. (2001). A connection in lexical development. Annual Review of Language Acquisition, 1, 157190.
Watkins, R. V., Kelly, D. J., Harbers, H. M., & Hollis, W. (1995). Measuring children's lexical diversity: Differentiating typical and impaired language learners. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 38, 13491355.
Williams, K. T. (1997). Expressive Vocabulary Test. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
Windsor, J. (1999). Effect of semantic inconsistency on sentence grammaticality judgements for children with and without language-learning disabilities. Language Testing, 16, 293313.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Applied Psycholinguistics
  • ISSN: 0142-7164
  • EISSN: 1469-1817
  • URL: /core/journals/applied-psycholinguistics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed