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Designing indicators for assessing the effects of marine protected areas on coral reef ecosystems: A multidisciplinary standpoint

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 March 2005

Dominique Pelletier
IFREMER, Laboratoire MAERHA (Mathématiques Appliquées à l'Exploitation des Ressources halieutiques), BP 21105, 44311 Nantes Cedex 03, France
Jose A. García-Charton
Universidad de Murcia, Departamento de Ecología e Hidrología, Campus de Espinardo, 30100 Murcia, Spain
Jocelyne Ferraris
IRD-UR CoRéUs, Université de Perpignan, 52 avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan, France
Gilbert David
IRD-US Espace, BP 172, 97492 Ste Clotilde, La Réunion
Olivier Thébaud
IFREMER Centre de Brest, Service d'Economie maritime, BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France
Yves Letourneur
Université de la Méditerranée, Centre d'Océanologie de Marseille, UMR 6540 Dimar, Campus de Luminy, Case 901, 13288 Marseille Cedex 9, France
Joachim Claudet
IFREMER, Laboratoire MAERHA (Mathématiques Appliquées à l'Exploitation des Ressources halieutiques), BP 21105, 44311 Nantes Cedex 03, France EPHE UMR 8046 CNRS, 52 avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan Cedex, France
Marion Amand
IFREMER, Laboratoire MAERHA (Mathématiques Appliquées à l'Exploitation des Ressources halieutiques), BP 21105, 44311 Nantes Cedex 03, France IRD Centre de Nouméa, Unité de Recherche CoRéUs, BP A5, 98848 Nouméa Cedex, Nouvelle-Calédonie
Michel Kulbicki
IRD-UR CoRéUs, Université de Perpignan, 52 avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan, France IRD Centre de Nouméa, Unité de Recherche CoRéUs, BP A5, 98848 Nouméa Cedex, Nouvelle-Calédonie
René Galzin
EPHE UMR 8046 CNRS, 52 avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan Cedex, France
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The present paper aims at identifying and assessing indicators of the effects of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in coral reef regions, based on a bibliography review in ecology, economics and social sciences. First the various effects studied within each of these domains and the variables used to measure them were censused. Potential ecological indicators were assessed through their link with the question used (here termed “relevance”) and their “effectiveness” which encompasses the issues of precision, accuracy and statistical power. Relevance and effectiveness were respectively measured by the frequency of use of each indicator and the proportion of significant results in the reviewed articles. For social and economic effects, the approach was not possible due to the low number of references; we thus discussed the issue of finding appropriate indicators for those fields. Results indicate: 1- the unbalance in literature between disciplines; 2- the need for protocols and methodologies which include controls in order to assess MPA effects; 3- an important proportion of ecological indicators with low effectiveness; 4- the large number of ecological effects still not studied or not demonstrated at present.

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© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD, 2005

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