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I.—Excavations at Caerwent, Monmouthshire, on the Site of the Romano-British City of Venta Silurum, in the year 1908

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 November 2011

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The excavations of 1908 began on 15th June, and were continued until 6th November, under the direction of Messrs. Ashby, Hudd, and Jones, assisted by Mr. F. King as architect.

Research Article
Copyright © The Society of Antiquaries of London 1910

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page 1note 1 See Archaeologia, lx. 451Google Scholar.

page 1 note 2 Archaeologia, lix. pl. xiGoogle Scholar.

page 3 note 1 Vol. lx. plate xlii.

page 4 note 1 London, 1879.

page 5 note 1 A later pit, roughly rectangular, and 6 feet in depth, has been formed in mediaeval or modern times on the west side of this space.

page 5 note 2 These relics are not conclusive, but like the Lydney temple this one may have been dedicated to a health deity, possibly Aesculapius, or Hygeia. The serpent's head is too heavy to have formed part of a bracelet or brooch, and it has been suggested that it may have been part of a statuette of Hygeia, who was sometimes represented with a serpent twined around her body. A stone effigy of the Romano British period, with remains of a serpent coiled round the bust, was found some years ago a few miles east of Caerwent, but has not yet been described or illustrated. The Caerwent serpent differs from any other known to me from Roman times in having a distinct triangular crest on the top of its head. [A. E. H.]

page 6 note 1 The elements of decoration are as follows: In the first vertical division Déchelette 34 (seahorse to right), under it a garland; under this D. 969 (quadruped, hare?, to left). In the second vertical division a medallion with a scene; under it D. 1035, 1009 (bird to left and bird to right). The pattern is then repeated: the seahorse apparently recurs (to left) and under it is D. 927 (dog to right).

page 8 note 1 Archaeologia, lix. 117 and pl. xiGoogle Scholar.

page 8 note 2 On the wall south of the eastern courtyard of the house was found a gold coin of Elagabalus Cohen, 2nd Ed. no. 194) in good condition. This is the first gold coin we have found at Caerwent.

page 12 note 1 Similar frit has been found at Caerwent previously, which seems to indicate that the beautiful enamelled objects found on the site were probably made there.

page 15 note 1 Archaeologia, lviii. 150Google Scholar.

page 15 note 2 It is similar to one figured in the Catalogue of the Guildhall Museum, London, plate xiv. 65, and to one found in the south-west digging at Caerwent. Examples have also been found at Silchester.

page 15 note 3 These have been examined and identified by Mr. Clement Reid, whose report is given below.

page 19 note 1 The greater celandine still grows in profusion at Caerwent. Alexanders is an abundant plant on the “Roman” camp at Clifton.—H.