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III.—Stefan von Haschenperg, an Engineer to King Henry VIII, and his Work

  • B. H. St. J. O'Neil
Extract

For some years before 1538 the politics of western Europe had been dominated by the mutual jealousy of the Emperor Charles V and Francis I, king of France. Henry VIII's diplomacy had often tended to increase the tension between them, since it was clearly in England's interest to divide her potential enemies. The Pope on the other hand sought to reconcile them, and in June 1538 he succeeded so far as to negotiate a truce for ten years between the rivals.

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page 137 note 1 v. Pollard, A. F., Henry VIII (1934), 372 ff.

page 138 note 1 Taylor, F. L., The Art of War in Italy, 1494–1529 (Cambridge, 1921), 130–1.

page 138 note 2 Langenskiold, Eric, Michele Sanmicheli, the Architect of Verona (Uppsala, 1938, in English), 156 The writer is indebted to Mr. J. T. Mann for drawing his attention to this book.

page 139 note 1 Ibid., and figs. 74 and 75.

page 139 note 2 For some of these details see Bodo Ebhart, Wehrbauten Veronas, taf. 20. The writer is indebted to Dr. W. Douglas Simpson for lending him a copy of this work.

page 139 note 3 Wegg, J., Antwerp, 1477–1599 100.

page 139 note 4 Etliche underricht, zu befestigung der Stett, Schloss, und flecken.

page 140 note 1 Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic (1539), xiv, i, 363, no. 755.

page 140 note 2 Arch. Cant., xx, 247.

page 140 note 3 Lett, and Pap. F. and D., xiv, ii, 234–7, no. 645, and xvi, 57, no. 113.

page 140 note 4 Arch. Cant., xx, 228–57.

page 140 note 5 Ibid., 247.

page 141 note 1 John Shotford, v. Ibid., 247.

page 141 note 2 Lett, and Pap. F. and D. (1539), xiv, ii, 37, no. 123.

page 141 note 3 Arch. Cant., xx, 244.

page 141 note 4 Lett, and Pap. F. and D. (1539), xiv, ii, 158, no. 435 (33).

page 141 note 5 Ibid., 126, no. 358.

page 141 note 6 Ibid. (1540), 478, no. 942 (108).

page 141 note 7 Add. MSS. 5754, fols. 90–2, seeArch. Cant., xx, 246.

page 141 note 8 Arch. Cant., xx, 228–57.

page 142 note 1 Ibid., 244.

page 142 note 2 Ibid., 253.

page 142 note 3 Ibid., 252–3.

page 142 note 4 Ibid., opp. 252.

page 143 note 1 Archaeologia, lxxxv, 143–4.

page 143 note 2 MS. Cotton Faustina, E. vii, fols. 33–8. Printed inThe Chronicle of Calais, Camden Soc, no. 35 (1845), 126, 128.

page 143 note 3 No doubt the drawing is purely conventional. The disposition of the gunports is also wrong.

page 143 note 4 Lett, and Pap. F. and D. (1540-1541), xvi, 99, no. 221.

page 143 note 5 Ibid., 107, no. 248.

page 144 note 1 Ibid., 112, no. 263.

page 144 note 2 Ibid., 114, no. 268.

page 144 note 3 The Chronicle of Calais, Camden Soc, no. 35 (1845), 191–7.

page 144 note 4 Lett, and Pap. F. and D. (1540-1541), xvi, 115, no. 269.

page 145 note 1 Porter, W., History of the Corps of Royal Engineers, i, 23.

page 145 note 2 Lett, and Pap. F. and D. (1540-1541), xvi, 124–5, no. 297.

page 145 note 3 Ibid., 125–6, no. 298.

page 145 note 4 Ibid., 237, no. 499.

page 146 note 1 Ibid., 319, no. 662.

page 146 note 2 Ibid., 467, no. 958.

page 146 note 3 Ibid.,, 467–8, no. 959.

page 146 note 4 Ibid., 528, no. 1118.

page 147 note 1 Ibid., 628, no. 1360.

page 147 note 2 Ibid., 412, no. 869.

page 147 note 3 Ibid., 482, no. 1009.

page 147 note 4 Ibid., 598, no. 1295.

page 147 note 5 Ibid. (1542), XVII, 70, no. 150.

page 147 note 6 Ibid., 643, no. 1155.

page 147 note 7 Ibid. (1543), XVIII, i, 492–3, no. 901.

page 147 dnote 8 B.M. Add. MS. 5754, fols. 95, 96.

page 147 note 9 Ibid., fol. 93 and Lett, and Pap. F. and D. (1543), XVIII, ii, 213, no. 395.

page 147 note 10 Lett, and Pap. F. and D. (1545), xx, ii, 1516, no. 37.

page 147 note 11 Reference as for note 9, but full transcript in modern style.

page 148 note 1 Two of them, it will be noticed, have ic after the signature. A similar abbreviation occurs in the Sandgate Castle accounts and no doubt stands for iconomus (Arch. Cant., xx, 247). The B.M. Catalogue describes one of them (Aug. I, ii, 16) as of Berwick, but this is certainly an error for Carlisle.

page 149 note 1 Lett, and Pap. F. and D. (1544), xix, i, 638, no. 1035 (158).

page 150 note 1 Ibid., xix, ii, 37, no. 94.

page 150 note 2 Ibid., 58, no. 131.

page 150 note 3 Ibid., 58, no. 132.

page 151 note 1 Ibid., 64, no. 150.

page 152 note 1 Ibid. (1545), xx, ii, 15-16, no. 37.

page 152 note 2 Ibid. (1546), xxi, ii, 357, no. 679.

page 153 note 1 Pilnáček, Josef, Staromoravišti rodové, (Altmährische Geschlechter, Wein, 1930), Seite 196. The name is, however, by no means uncommon in the district, and the identification cannot, therefore, be made with certainty.

page 154 note 1 Archaeologia, lxxxv, 138.

page 154 note 2 Ibid., 142.

page 154 note 3 The Arte of IVarre, Tudor Translations (1905), 206.

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