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IV.—Metal Bowls of the Late-Celtic and Anglo-Saxon Periods

  • J. Romilly Allen

The object of the following paper is to call attention to the highly decorative character of certain metal bowls belonging to the Iron Age, which have been found in Great Britain and in Norway, chiefly with the view of showing that they supply a connecting link between the flamboyant ornament of the Pagan Celtic metal work and the spiral ornament of the Christian Celtic MSS. and sculptured stones.

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page 39 note a Translated by E. Beauvois from a fuller memoir on the subject in the Aarböger, 2nd ser. iv. (1889), 291–316.

page 39 note b pp. 33–44

page 40 note a The Wilton bowl has been figured and described in Messrs. Nightingale and Goddard's Church Plate of Wilts, 27.

page 41 note a Founded first as an oratory by Wulstan, Earl of the Wilsaetas, in 800, and afterwards as a priory of Benedictine sisters by King Alfred in 830. Ethelburga, the widow of Earl Wulstan, was the first prioress. The so-called see of Wilton was really that of Ramsbury, and was founded in 909, Ethelstan being the first bishop. The lands of Wilton were given to the Herbert family by Henry VIII. at the dissolution of the monasteries.

page 41 note b The Lullingstone bowl has been described and figured in Archæologia Cantiana, iii. 44, and pl. 1, and some of the ornaments are given in the late Professor J. O. Westwood's Miniatures of Irish and Anglo-Saxon MSS. pl. 53.

page 42 note a ix. 189.

page 43 note a Catalogue of the Museum of T. Bateman, 154; Bateman's Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, 25; Journal of the British Archaeological Association, iii. 352.

page 44 note b Since this was written Mr. Howarth has been good enough to bring the disc up to London for my inspection. It has been securely fixed the wrong way into the ring, probably by Mr. Bateman, who would thus appear to have been ignorant of the use of the disc.

page 44 note a ii. 162.

page 44 note b iii. 282.

page 46 note a P. 258.

page 46 note b P. 284.

page 46 note c P. 251.

page 47 note a More probably wood much decayed.—C. H. Read.

page 47 note b Pl. 11.

page 47 note c Pl. 16, figs. 5 and 8, and pp. 55 and 76.

page 47 note d The late Sir A. Wollaston Franks, K.C.B.

page 48 note a 2nd series, ii. 202.

page 50 note a Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires du Nord (1890), 34.

page 50 note b Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucester Archaeological Society, v. 137.

page 51 note a A pretty little bronze howl 4½ inches in diameter ornamented with projecting bosses was dug up at the Glastonbury Marsh village.

page 51 note b D. Wilson's Prehistoric Annals of Scotland, i. 140.

page 51 note c Sir W. Wilde's Catalogue, 534.

page 51 note a Mémoires de la Sociétée des Antiquaires du Nord (1890), 37.

page 53 note a O. Rygh's Norske Oldsager, No. 727; Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires du Nord (1890), 35.

page 55 note a Occurring chiefly on medallions in the centre of a cross.

page 55 note b Occurring chiefly on the double disc or so-called “spectacle” symbol; but sometimes also in the centre of a cross.

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The Antiquaries Journal
  • ISSN: 0261-3409
  • EISSN: 2051-3186
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquaries-journal
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