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Letters from J. F. Bentley to Charles Hadfield – Part I

  • Peter Howell
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1 See Robinson, J. M., ‘A Catalogue of the Architectural Drawings at Carlton Towers, Yorkshire’, Architectural History, XXII (1979), p. 117 . He quotes a description of the State Bedrooms as being reminiscent of the ‘most up-to-date lodging houses’. On Carlton Towers, see also Girouard, M., The Victorian Country House, second edition (1979), pp. 34654.

2 De l’Hôpital, pp. 654–55.

3 Tablet, 10 October 1874, p. 474.

4 De l’Hôpital, pp. 378–79.

5 Kirk, F. J., Reminiscences of an Oblate of St Charles (1905), p. 40.

6 De L’Hôpital, pp. 495–96.

7 For Kirk’s career, see Kirk, F. J., Some Notable Conversions in the County of Wexford (1901), as well as the work cited in note 5. Bentley’s letter of 1 October 1874, asking Kirk to marry him, is printed on p. 56 of the latter. J. R. Kirk, although at first ‘furious’ at his brother’s conversion, eventually also joined the Roman Church (Conversions, p. 44). F. J. Kirk presented a marble group of Our Lady and St John, shown by J. R. Kirk at the Royal Academy in 1862, to St Mary of the Angels.

8 See Roberts, D. E., The Sheffield Gas Undertaking 1818–1949, p. 25 . According to Miss Ruth Harman, the drawings are in the possession of the East Midlands Gas Board, Leicester, but do not show the dome.

9 Builder, xxxiii (1875), pp. 488–89; Building News, xxvin (1875) p. 557. The building is now a Disco, but the dome survives intact.

10 De l’Hôpital, p. 537.

11 Pevsner, N., Buildings of England: Yorkshire West Riding (1967), p. 467 . 11a De l’Hôpital, p. 537.

12 His account of the Manor is on p. 335. He gives a list of the armorial ornaments formerly in the great gallery, as preserved in a Dugdale MS at the College of Arms.

13 Published in Transactions of the RIBA (1874–75), pp. 109–18.

14 Sheffield City Register of Deposited plans, Sheffield City Library C. A. 205/2b, application no. 3892. The plan itself has been destroyed, but see the 1893 10″ O. S. Map.

15 Bentley designed many organ-cases for his friend Lewis: see Part I, note 14.

16 Hadfield, C., A History of St Marie’s Mission and Church (1889), p. 159.

17 De l’Hôpital, p. 623; on Knox see also pp. 585 and 588. I am indebted to Mr E. R. Robbins for information about Knox, including his dates and correct Christian name.

18 De l’Hôpital, p. 537. Their present whereabouts is unknown.

19 ‘Henry Barnascone’ of 6 Broomhall Road, Sheffield, subscribed to Hadfield’s book on St Marie’s, as did ‘Henry Barnascone, junior’. J. Barnascone, master of ceremonies at St Marie’s, died on 25 July 1874 (Tabki, new series, xii (1874), p. 115). A window on the staircase to the Oratory in St Marie’s, designed by Bentley, commemorates Carolina Bernasconi, who died in 1879 aged 16. This is presumably the correct spelling, in which case the family must surely have been related to the well known eighteenth-nineteenth century plasterers.

20 See the 1893 10″ O.S. Map.

21 Transactions of the RIBA, first series, x (1859–60), pp. 38–51 (read on 23 January 1860).

22 A denial he repeated in a letter in Proceedings of the RIBA, new series iii (1887), p. 310. Some, including Street, had disagreed with his 1860 conclusions (see the report of the discussion following his paper). Street later changed his mind (see Hadfield’s paper, pp. 129–30).

23 The History of the King’s Works, edited by H. M. Colvin, 1 (1963), p.174.

24 Woodruff, C. E. and Danks, W., Memorials of Canterbury Cathedral (1912), p. 366.

25 British Association Handbook and Guide to Sheffield (1910), p. 69. There is some doubt over the exact date of this operation. The following note was kindly supplied by Miss Ruth Harman : ‘The parish church was restored and extended between June 1878 and October 1880. The account of the reopening ceremony in the Sheffield and Rotherham Independent (27 October 1880, pp. 2–4) states that the Shrewsbury Chapel and the monuments in it had been thoroughly cleaned and made good by the instructions of the Duke of Norfolk, and there is an entry in the Duke’s estate accounts here (Arundel Castle Manuscripts S 190) recording a payment to J. McCulloch in December 1880 for cleaning the Shrewsbury Tombs in the parish church. I think, however, that the Hadfields’ restoration was not part of this work as there is a letter from M. E. Hadfield to Michael Ellison dated 31 January 1882 (A. C. M. S 370) headed “Shrewsbury Chapel Parish Church” in which he says that they have begun ‘these repairs’. The estate accounts for 1882/3 (A. C. M. S 190) record payments in May 188z to John Pearson for repairing and restoring the Shrewsbury tomb and in December 1882 to M. E. Hadfield and Son for “superintending the reconstruction of the canopied arch over the 4th Earl’s Tomb”. J. McCulloch ran a well known firm of architectural sculptors in Lambeth. For J. Pearson, see Part I, pp. 109f.

26 De l’Hôpital, p. 498. On the building see Builder, XLI (1881), p. 615; Architect, XXVIII (1882), p. 69. The plans were deposited with the Local Authority on 1 August 1878 (Sheffield City Library C. A. 205/3 no. 5270). There are some drawings in the Hadfield Cawkwell Davidson Collection (123/7). One of them (123/7/9) shows the heraldry in detail: the iron gates also look very likely to be by Bentley. There is a watercolour showing the interior among the muniments at Arundel Castle.

27 Builder, LII (1887), p. 384; Building News, LII (1887), p. 379. Frank Tory is described as ‘a student at the Lambeth School of Art, now of Sheffield, who has twice gained the national silver medal for modelling from the antique’ (Building News, ibid.). He also carried out the lively carving on Hadfield’s splendid Parade Chambers, Church Gates, Sheffield (built for Messrs Pawson and Brailsford — Builder, XLVI (1884), p. 281).

28 C. Hadfield, A History of St Marie’s Mission and Church (1889), p. 172.

29 See de l’Hôpital, pp. 565–66 etc.

30 De l’Hôpital p. 492.

31 Girouard, M., The Victorian Country House, second edition (1979), p. 354 . The Dowager Lady Beaumont (her husband had died in 1892) gave £1,000 towards the building of Westminster Cathedral: see Westminster Cathedral Record, 3 (July 1896), p. 79 (with photograph).

32 De l’Hôpital, pp. 488–89.

33 De l’Hôpital, p. 70. They came from Messrs Lawrence and Son’s brickfields (Westminster Cathedral Record, 2 (April 1896), pp. 64–66).

34 Sheffield and Rotherham Independent, 20 July 1894.

35 De l’Hôpital, p. 657.

36 De l’Hôpital, pp. 347–48. The Heigham drawing is reproduced in P. Howell, Victorian Chruches (1968), pl. 10. The parish priest of St James’s, Spanish Place, wanted to appoint Bentley as his architect, but Manning insisted on a competition. This was won by Goldie, but the priest commissioned Bentley to design the furnishings (de l’Hôpital, p. 595). RC competitions were comparatively rare : they included those for St Mary’s College, Hammersmith (1850 and 1854); St Aloysius’s College, Ushaw (1860); and Brompton Oratory (1879) — see D. Evinson, Joseph Aloysius Hansom, London MA thesis (1966), p. 188. For Bentley’s attitude towards competitions see also Part I, p. 103, with note 31.

37 De l’Hôpital, pp. 21–22.

38 Newspaper Cuttings Relating to Sheffield, in SF, p. 113.

39 The Hadfield Cawkwell Davidson Collection contains drawings for the administration block dated 1897–98 (140/3/1-9), and also drawings for later work.

40 De l’Hôpital, p. 670.

41 For a detailed account of his travels, see de l’Hôpital, pp. 26–36.

42 B. Champneys, Coventry Patmore (1900), n, p. 208.

43 Mornings in Florence: The Fourth Morning, §72 = E. T. Cook and A. Wedderburn, The Works of John Ruskin, XXIII (1906), p. 366.

44 The Letters and Diaries of J. H. Newman, xn (1962), p. 326.

45 Mornings in Florence: The Fourth Morning.

46 De l’Hôpital, p. 32.

47 Goodhart-Rendel, H. S., English Architecture since the Regency (1953), p. 218 . There might be more justice in reversing the description.

48 Described in de l’Hôpital, pp. 1–7.

49 See de l’Hôpital, pp. 132, 143–44, 169. Hadfield had used it, for example, for the staircase of the Sheffield Gas Office (Builder, XXXIII (1875), pp. 488–89).

50 See de l’Hôpital, pp. 122–23, and pis xxii and XXV.

51 De l’Hôpital, pp. 669–70.

52 De l’Hôpital, p. 68.

53 J. A. Marshall, ‘Westminster Cathedral’, Builder’s Journal, xxv (17 April 1907), p. 176.

54 De l’Hôpital, p. 672.

55 White, N. and Willensky, E., AIA Guide to New York City, revised edition (1978), pp. 36768 , 413; Wolfe, G. R., New York: A Guide to the Metropolis (1975), pp. 39596 . These two accounts are not entirely consistent.

56 De l’Hôpital, p. 673.

56a Letter from Bishop Mugavero’s Secretary, 28 October 1981. The only surviving drawing is one by Keely for the Cathedral façade.

57 Information from Miss Ruth Harman.

58 De l’Hôpital, p. 675.

59 Marshall, J. A., Builder’s Journal, xxv (1907), p. 176.

60 Westminster Cathedral Record, 7 (February 1899), p. 4.

61 Westminster Cathedral Record, 9 (June 1899), p. 7 (with photograph). When Mrs de l’Hôpital wrote, it was in the Librarian’s Room (p. 280).

62 De l’Hôpital, pp. 273f See also Westminster Cathedral Record, 8 (May 1899), p.8.

63 Purcelland, E. S., de Lisle, E., Life and Letters of Ambrose Phillipps de Lisle (1900), 11, pp. 21213 . On Edwin de Lisle, see the Appendix to this article.

64 Saint, A., Richard Norman Shaw (1976), pp. 21819.

65 De l’Hôpital, pp. 225, 659.

66 Westminster Cathedral Record, 7 (February 1899), pp. 6–7 (quoted by Mrs de l’Hôpital, pp. 225–28).

67 De l’Hôpital, p. 225 n. 2.

68 See Westminster Cathedral Record 8 (May 1899), pp. 5–8; 9 (June 1899), pp. 1–5, 7–8; 10 (December 1900), pp. 2–3; 11 (June 1902), pp. 2–4; de l’Hôpital, pp. 228f.

69 De l’Hôpital, p.91; see also C. Hadfield, RIBA Journal, 7 March 1903, p. 260.

70 De l’Hôpital, p. 675.

71 According to Arnold Bennett, The Roll-Call’(1918), p. 27. I am indebted to Mr Andrew Saint for this reference.

72 RIBA Journal, new series, VII (1900), p. 419.

73 Abercrombie, N., The Life and Work of Edmund Bishop (1959), pp. 76f.

74 Abercrombie, N., The Life and Work of Edmund Bishop (1959), pp. 7879; 486–87.

75 De l’Hôpital, pp. 664–67.

76 Architectural Review, × (1901), pp. 170–71 (quoted by A. Saint, Richard Norman Shaw (1976), pp. 364–65). On the visit, see de l’Hôpital, pp. 88, 308.

77 De l’Hôpital, p. 126. The drawing is in the Cathedral collection.

78 Westminster Cathedral Record, 11 (June 1902), p. 6. See also de l’Hôpital, pp. 126–29; J. A. Marshall, Builder’s Journal, xxv (1907), p. 182.

79 C. Hadfield, RIBA Journal, 7 March 1903, p. 258; de l’Hôpital, p. 88. Hadfield makes slight changes, in which he is followed by Mrs de l’Hôpital.

80 De l’Hôpital, p.88.

81 Marshall, J. A., Builder’s Journal, xxv (1907), pp. 17879 ; and see the plate in the Supplement illustrating his article (also reproduced in de l’Hôpital, p. 79).

82 Builder, LXXXII (1902), p. 14.

83 De l’Hôpital, pp. 310, 668–69.

84 De l’Hôpital, pp. 142–43; Westminster Cathedral Record, 7 (February 1899), p. 2.

85 Building, April 1952.

86 RIBA Journal, third series, LIX (1952), p. 231.

87 Downside Review, vi (July 1887), pp. 144–48; see also N. Abercrombie, The Life and Work of Edmund Bishop (1959), p. 124.

88 De l’Hôpital, pp. 485, 656; Abercrombie, p. 78.

89 Abercrombie (p. 237) mistakenly describes it as addressed to Bishop. Perhaps Green sent it to Bishop for him to see.

90 De l’Hôpital, pp. 57–58, 271.

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