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Abbreviations

Benson: George Benson, Handbook to York Minster, 4th ed. 1910

Browne: Browne, John, The History of the Metropolitan Church of St. Peter, York, London 1847

Colvin: Colvin, H. M., A Biographical Dictionary of English Architects, 1660–1840, London 1954

C.W.O.: Clerk of Work's Office, York Minster

F.Y.M.R.: The Friends of York Minster, Annual Reports

Gent: Gent, Thomas, The Ancient and Modem History of the Famous City of York, London 1730

Gunnis: Gunnis, Rupert, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660–1851, Odhams Press, 1953

Purey-Cust: A. P. Purey-Cust, Walks round York Minster, 1907

Y.A.J.: The Yorkshire Archaeological fournal

Y.D.G.: The York Diocesan Gazette

Y.E.P.: The Yorkshire Evening Press

Y.G.: The Yorkshire Gazette

Y.H.: The Yorkshire Herald

Y.M.L.: York Minster Library, Dean and Chapter Muniments

Y.M.R.: York Minster Restoration Occasional Papers, 1899–1911

Notes

1 Spiers, Lewis Walter, The Notebook and Account Book of Nicholas Stone, Walpole Society VII, OUP, 1919, pp.39, 42

2 F.Y.M.R. 1956, pp.25–37; ex. inf. Royal Greenwich Observatory

3 Browne, p. 329; ex. inf. C.W.O.

4 Y.G., 7.3.1863

5 Y.G. 11.6.1921

6 Y.M.L. (E3)(E4a), Fabric Ace. 1662–1828, Disbursements 1802–05. In Y.M.L. are also Bernasconi's bills, Martinmas 1802–03 and 1803–04. The work was carried out in York by one, and at times two, of Bernasconi's plasterers and a boy. The materials were sent from London.

7 Brit. Mus. Harleian MSS 3616, f. 106V; cf. f.IV

8 Y.M.L. (E3), W. O. Powell's bill, 4.8.1883, passed and signed by Bodley

9 Y.G. 10.5.1884

10 Y.D.G. 1896, pp. 65–66.

11 Y.D.G. 1897, pp. 189–190.

12 ex. inf. C.W.O.

13 Y.M.R. 6th Occas. Paper, Aug. 1903, pp. 6–11

14 ibid. 7th Occas. Paper, March 1903, p. 5

15 Y.H. 29.6.1904

16 Y.M.R. 9th Occas. Paper 1906, p. 27; ex. inf. C.W.O.

17 Y.G. 27.3.1886

18 Y.H. 11.4.1891; ex. inf. P. J. Carvill, son of Charles Carvill A

19 Y.D.G. 1897, p. 50 Y

20 ex. inf. Reg. HQ.

21 ex. inf. Reg. HQ.

22 Y.M.R. 9th Occas. Paper, June 1906, p. 28

23 Y.D.G. 1895, pp. 134–136

24 Y.M.R. postscript to 10th Occas. Paper, Aug. 1907, p.5; Y.G. 6.7.1907

25 Y.M.L. (D2a), Whytehead Log Book, 1886-94, f.61

26 Y.M.R. 6th Occas. Paper, Aug. 1903, p. 11

27 Y.G. 25.10.1890

28 Y.G. 27.6.1903

29 Y.M.L. (E4f), Fabric Ace. 1866–86, Expenditure 1886

30 Benson, p.74; ex. inf. R. Bridgeman & Sons; F.Y.M.R. 1945, p.32

31 Y.M.R. 8th, 9th, 10th Occas. Papers, June 1905, June 1906, July 1907

32 ex. inf. Brierley, Leckenby, Keighley, architects, Lendal, York

33 Y.G. 3.8.1878

34 Y.M.R. 6th Occas. Paper, Aug. 1903, pp.5–6; ex. inf. C.W.O.

35 Y.M.L. (E4a), Fabric Ace. 1662–1828, Disbursements 1798-99; Browne, pp.103, 318

36 Y.A.J. 37 (1950), pp. 258-261

37 ex. inf. Reg. HQ.

38 F.Y.M.R. 1964, pp. 13–18

39 ex. inf. Middlesbrough Central Library. Banner made for Church Congress, Middlesbrough, 1912

40 F.Y.M.R. 1946, pp. 12–13, 38

41 F.Y.M.R. 1949, p. 18

42 Browne, p.319; Y.M.L. (E4a), Fabric Ace. 1662–1828, Disbursements 1803–04

43 ex. inf. D. M. Doyle

44 Y.G. 22.4.1871

45 For the genealogical table I am indebted to the late Mr Rupert Gunnis

46 Y.G. 28.9.1907; Algernon, Graves, The Society of Artists of Great Britain 1760–91; The Free Society of Artists 1761-83, London 1907, p.92

47 The Gentleman's Magazine, 69 (1789), p. 1000

48 Y.G. 18.6.1810

49 Y.H. 21.9.1921

50 F.Y.M.R. 1949, p. 19; 1950, pp.7–8

51 ibid. 1954, p. 11

52 ibid. 1956, pp.7–8

53 Y.G. 14.1.1871

54 Bodleian, MS Autogr. d. ll. p.335; receipt dated 9 October 1691, signed by Grinling Gibbons, acknowledging £100 from Thomas Lamplugh ‘on account of a monument I am obliged to make for his Father, the late Archbishop of York’

55 ex. inf. C.W.O.

56 F.Y.M.R. spring 1930, p.33; ex. inf. C.W.O.

57 F.Y.M.R. 1960, pp. 12–15

58 Y.H. 11.4.1891; inscriptions on clock works; Y.M.L. (E3), W. O. Powell's bill 4.8.1883

59 In Browne, p. 323, Mr Moon is obviously a misprint for Mr Hume

60 Y.H. 14.11.1890

61 Y.G. 11.3.1899

62 Date on inscription in window

63 Y.H. 9.5.1903

64 Colvin, p.346. Date my own conjecture, based on Gunnis, p. 183, and that monument not mentioned in Gent, published 1730.

65 Y.M.L. (B4), The accompt of subscriptions towards the new paving of the Cathedral Church of York; and Memorandum of Agreement with Plan of Paving annexed, between the four masons and the Dean of York, represented by the Registrar of the Chapter. The paving seems to have been laid between 1731 and 1734; but bills not finally paid till 1736. Hawksmoor in 1735 writes as if paving finished, see Downes, Kerry, Hawksmoor, Zwemmer, 1959, p. 259. See also Drake, Francis, Eboracum, 1736, p. 519 .

66 F.Y.M.R. 1958, pp. 4-5

67 ex. inf. Reg. HQ.

68 ex. inf. C.W.O.

69 ibid.

70 F.Y.M.R. 1956, p.29

71 Y.G. 12.5.1849; 9.6.1849

72 F.Y.M.R. 1953, pp. 9–11

73 Fallow, T. M., Yorkshire Church Plate, Y.A.J. 1912,1, p. 4

74 Y.M.L. (B3), Papers 1829–32, restoration, receipt 358

75 Y.G. 11.1.1915

76 Y.D.M. 1909, pp.6, 203

77 Y.G. 11.11.1911

78 Y.G. 20.6.1917

79 Newby Hall Archives, letter, 1755, Mrs Carr, Mitley's sister, to Mrs Worsley. For this reference I am indebted to the late Mr Rupert Gunnis.

80 Y.G. 23.8.1842; inscriptions on clock works; Y.M.L. (B4), Papers, 1840–44, restoration

81 Y.G. 27.10.1855

82 Y.G. 13.2.1864

83 Y.E.P. 2.10.1922; Y.G. 7.10.1922

84 The Gentleman's Magazine, 76, i (1806), p.401

85 Browne, p.317

86 Y.M.L. (E4a) Fabric Ace. 1662–1828, Disbursements 1795-96

87 F.Y.M.R. 1939, p.27

88 ibid. pp. 26–27, 9–10

89 ibid. 1945, pp.30, 6

90 ibid. p. 6

91 Y.G. 22.2.1858

92 Y.G. 7.6.1916

93 Y.G. 26.2.1859; Builder, 1859, p.239

94 Raine, Angelo, History of St. Peter's School, York, London 1926, p. 112

95 Y.D.G. 1904, p. 104

96 F.Y.M.R. 1947, p. 42

97 ibid. 1948, pp. 3–4,38

98 ibid. 1948, p. 16

99 ibid. 1951, pp.11,34

100 ibid. 1953, p.6

101 ibid. 1960, pp. 6–8

102 ibid. 1950, p. 9

103 ibid. 1951, pp. 9–10

104 ibid. 1953, pp. 7–9

105 Y.G. 12.2.1859

106 F.Y.M.R. 1949, pp. 16–17

107 Vertue Note Books, III, p. 56 (Walpole Society, XXII, OUP, 1934). Date my conjecture. Gent, p.47, says monument is preparing in London; but it must have been erected before his book published in 1730, as on pp. 126–128 he describes it in situ.

108 Clement, Markham, Markham Memorials, II, p. 48 , Spottiswoode, 1913; Thomas Willement's ledger 1481–65, f.20 (in the possession of his descendant, Rev. J. de B. Bateman, Hornsea Vicarage, E. Yorks)

109 F.Y.M.R. 1946, pp. 11–12

110 ibid. 1948, pp. 18–19

111 ibid. 1953, pp. 11–12

112 F.Y.M.R. 1964, p. 17, footnote

113 Browne, p.318; Y.M.L. (E5a), Shout's Day Book; Y.M.L. (E4a), Fabric Ace. 1662–1828, disbursements 1804–16, yearly payments to Taylor

114 Y.M.L. (E5a), Shout's Day Book

115 ibid.

116 Y.G. 17.4.1852

117 Y.G. 24.5.1862

118 Y.M.L. (B3), Papers 1829–32 restoration

119 Fronts of choristers’ stalls date from 1861; and the gilding of the canopies from 1944–61

120 Y.M.L. (B3), Papers 1829-32 restoration, bill 4.10.1831

121 ibid. Receipts 314, 358

122 ibid. Receipt 451

123 ibid. Receipt 205

124 ibid. Receipt 323

125 Y.G. 27.12.1834

126 Y.M.L. (B4), Papers 1840-44 restoration, but bills and receipts not numbered

127 ibid. Time sheets, Sept. to Dec. 1842 and early months of 1843

128 ibid. Receipt 19.8.1844

129 ibid. Receipt 2.1.1843

130 ibid. Walker's bill March-May 1843; Coates’ bill May 1843

131 ibid. Coates’ bills, July-Nov. 1843; Walker's bill Feb.-Sept. 1845

132 Y.M.L. (B5), Papers, Beckwith repairs chapter house

133 ibid. Bill 21.2.1845

134 ibid. Bill 18.10.1844

135 Thomas Willement's ledger 1841–65 (see note 108) f.334

136 The tiles are signed ‘Minton’ on the back

137 Y.M.L. (B5), Papers, Beckwith repairs chapter house, bill 6.12.1845

138 Y.M.L. (B3), design signed ‘Sydney Smirke 1843'; Purey-Cust, p.71

139 Benson, George, York Bell Founders, A.A.A.S. Reports and Papers, 27 (1903–04), p.635 ; F.Y.M.R. 1951, p.34

140 F.Y.M.R. 1956, p. 29

141 ibid. 1955, pp. 12–13

142 ex. inf. C.W.O.

143 F.Y.M.R. 1958, pp. 19–20

144 Y.M.L. (B3), Papers 1871-80 south transept restoration, printed letter from Street to Dean Duncombe, 16.10.1876, which fully describes this work

145 ibid. Receipt 233

146 Y.G. 24.3.1877; 22.6.1878; 15.2.1879; inscription back of wings; Y.M.L. Hornby MS II, 202–210

147 Y.M.L. (E4f), Fabric Ace. 1866-86, Expenditure 1884

148 Y.G. 6.5.1882; 24.6.1882; 7.10.1882

149 F.Y.M.R. 1948, pp. 14–15

150 Y.G. 5.11.1910

151 Y.D.G. 1914, p. 42

152 ibid. 1916, p. 122

153 ex. inf. R. Bridgeman & Sons Ltd

154 Y.G. 6.9.1919

155 The War Memorials, The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding), n.p:n.d.; ex inf. R. Bridgeman & Sons Ltd

156 Y.H. 1.4.1913

157 The Bugle, 1925, June, p. 37; Nov. p. 24

158 The War Memorials of the West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales’ Own), n.p :n.d; ex. inf. R. Bridgeman & Sons Ltd, J. Whitehead & Sons Ltd

159 ex. inf. C.W.O.

160 Y.G. 4.9.1926; Y.H. 23.10.1926; ex. inf. J. Whitehead & Sons Ltd.

161 ex. inf. R. Bridgeman & Sons Ltd

162 F.Y.M.R. 1933, pp. 19–20; 1934, pp. 17–19

163 ibid. 1938, p. 13

164 ibid. 1939, pp.8–9; 1946, pp. 13–14

165 ibid.

166 ibid. 1939, pp.26–28

167 Y.M.L. (E4h), Fabric Ace. 1906–22, Receipts Sept. 1914; see also Y.H. 18.6.1914

168 F.Y.M.R. spring 1931, pp.30–31

169 The Bugle, 1925, June, p. 37, Nov. p. 24

170 ex. inf. C.W.O.; M. J. Tapper. See also Y.H. 5.10.1910; F.Y.M.R. 1936, p.32

171 Browne, p.318

172 ibid, p.318

173 See A Full and Authentic Report of the Trial of Jonathan Martin, York, 1829, p. 26, where tablet said to be of ‘very recent erection’.

174 F.Y.M.R. 1950, p.9; ex. inf. Denis Tegetmeier

175 See inscription formerly on lead of roof and transcribed in the Knowles Scrap Book, York City Library. Inscription probably removed when roof releaded in Sydney Smirke's (q.v.) restoration 1843-45. There can, however, be only a little of John Terry's work left in the present roof.

176 Y.M.L. (A4(l)a), Carr's Survey of the State of the Minster 1770, says this roof is ‘new framed’. The bills for Martinmas 1762–63 show that it almost certainly dates from 1763 and was made by Leonard Terry. His bill is for £153. All but £12 is for ‘repairing ye roof. Twelve joiners were engaged in the work and four on sawing timber. A thousand and twenty feet of oak were bought. Terry's bill does not say which roof. But in the bill of the mason, Robert Sisson, is the cost of‘repairing the battlement of the south side of the Church. Making the wall good where the joiners lay the timber and helping the joiners and plumbers.’ There is also a plumber's bill for casting and laying the lead for the ‘new roof’. This roof must be the existing one at the eastern end of the south choir aisle. No substantial work has been done here since the eighteenth century apart from some repairs in teak after the 1829 fire. The bills cannot mean the roof of the south aisle of the nave, as Carr in his survey commented unfavourably on its condition.

177 Browne, p. 317, says as a result of Carr's Survey in 1770, the roofs of the north and south transepts were repaired or renovated. Y.M.L. (B4), Papers 1840–44 restoration, in a report on the fabric made to the Chapter by Sydney Smirke in 1842, he comments favourably on the south transept roof and says it was put up ‘about seventy years since’. Further on, in mentioning the roof again, he says it was constructed about ‘fifty years since’. But the ‘fifty’ is crossed out. Seventy years from 1842 brings us nearly to 1776; and this date is on one of the tie beams. In the Fabric Ace. 1662–1828, in the Disbursements for 1774–75 and 1775–76 are payments to Leonard Terry of £78 17 and £195 respectively; and also large payments for raff £118.12 and £74.14. Unfortun ately, of course, no details are given as to what these payments were for; and the bills for these two years have not survived, though Browne speaks as if he had seen them. It seems reasonable to date this roof 1776, as there is no evidence in the accounts that much work was done here after 1776, apart from the alterations in 1796–97. For scissor trusses, see Y.M.L. (B3), Papers 1871–80 south transept restoration, receipt 196.

178 Date on inscription: Tower's ‘wheatsheaf’ on bottom panel

179 ex. inf. C.W.O.

180 The Bugle, 1922, July, p. 19, Aug. pp. 16–17

181 Y.M.L. (B4), 1840-44 Restoration papers

182 F.Y.M.R. 1961, p. 21

183 The Gentleman's Magazine, 80(i) (1810), p. 178

184 Algernon, Graves, The Royal Academy Exhibitors 1769–1904, London 1906, VII, p.244 ; F.Y.M.R. 1952, pp.8–10

185 Y.M.L. (E4a), Fabric Ace. 1662–1828, Disbursements 1808–09

186 Y.M.L. (B4), 1845 General repairs time sheets, April, May

187 Y.G. 27.6.1868

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Architectural History
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