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Following the crowd: spatial layout and crowd behaviour

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 August 2008

Mark David Major
Building and Urban Design Research Studio603 West 13th StreetSuite 1A, #930 AustinTexas 78701–1796, USA
Alan Penn
The Bartlett School of Graduate StudiesUniversity College LondonPhilips House1–19 Torrington Place London WC1E 6BT, UK


In preparation for the Millennium Eve celebrations, a study was undertaken to predict crowd movement. The objectives were: to identify characteristics of crowd movement and congregation, and how this might be related to spatial layout; to evaluate, in consultation with risk management experts, how this might affect public safety; and to help develop and prepare effective crowd management measures. The study demonstrates how the observational techniques of space syntax have evolved to enable the investigation of the effect, if any, of spatial layout on crowd behaviour.

Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2000

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