Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-jb2ch Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-02-29T11:50:18.923Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Following the crowd: spatial layout and crowd behaviour

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 August 2008

Mark David Major
Affiliation:
Building and Urban Design Research Studio603 West 13th StreetSuite 1A, #930 AustinTexas 78701–1796, USA
Alan Penn
Affiliation:
The Bartlett School of Graduate StudiesUniversity College LondonPhilips House1–19 Torrington Place London WC1E 6BT, UK

Extract

In preparation for the Millennium Eve celebrations, a study was undertaken to predict crowd movement. The objectives were: to identify characteristics of crowd movement and congregation, and how this might be related to spatial layout; to evaluate, in consultation with risk management experts, how this might affect public safety; and to help develop and prepare effective crowd management measures. The study demonstrates how the observational techniques of space syntax have evolved to enable the investigation of the effect, if any, of spatial layout on crowd behaviour.

Type
urbanism
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2000

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Campos, B. (1997). ‘Strategic Space: Patterns of Use in Public Squares of the City of London’, in Major, M.D., Amorim, L. and Dufaux, F. (eds.), Space Syntax – First International Symposium Proceedings, 2, Space Syntax Laboratory, University College London, 26.01–26.11.Google Scholar
Hillier, B., Stonor, T., Major, M.D. and Spende, N. (1998). ‘From Research to Design: Re-engineering the Space of Trafalgar Square’, Urban Design Quarterly, 68, 10 1998, pp.3537.Google Scholar
Hillier, B. (1996). Space is the Machine, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
Hillier, B., Penn, A., Hanson, J., Grajewski, T., and Xu, J. (1993). ‘Natural Movement: or, Configuration and Attraction in Urban Pedestrian Movement’ in Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, pp.20, 29–66.Google Scholar
Hillier, B., Hanson, J. (1984). The Social Logic of Space, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Major, M.D., Penn, A., Spiliopoulou, G., Spende, N., Doxa, M., and Fong, P. (1999). ‘In with the Right Crowd: Crowd Movement and Space Use in Trafalgar Square during the New Year's Eve Celebrations’, in de Holanda, F., Amorim, L. and Dufaux, F. (eds.), Space Syntax – Second International Symposium Proceedings, 1, Universidade de Brasilia, 27.01–27.16. Also, forthcoming in special issue on space syntax in the Journal of Architecture and Planning Research.Google Scholar
Penn, A. and Hillier, B. (1998). ‘Configurational Modelling of Urban Movement Networks’ in Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, pp., 5984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar