Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

In Search of “That Semi-Mythical Waif: Hungarian Liberalism”: The Culture of Political Radicalism in 1918–1919

  • Mary Gluck (a1)

Extract

In contemporary discussions of the new, post-Communist regimes of Eastern Europe, Hungary is often given pride of place as the most “liberalized” society in the region. Although this perception is based on undeniable political and economic facts, it is also nourished by long-established historical traditions and myths. During the revolutions of 1848–49, Hungarians were also hailed by European opinion as the champions of liberty and heroic resistance to oppression. Over half a century later, in the wake of the political and military collapse of the Habsburg monarchy, Hungary once again staged a series of dramatic revolutions which earned it the reputation of being part of a political avant-garde. And in 1956, Hungarians yet again assumed the mantle of political idealism and revolutionary self-sacrifice in the face of foreign despotism.

Copyright

References

Hide All

1 Kun, Béla, “Hungarian Kereskyism,” Pravda, 10 31, November 1, 1918, in Tõkés, Rudolf L., Béla Kun and the Hungarian Soviet Republic, The Origins and Role of the Communist Party of Hungary in the Revolutions of 1918–19 (New York: Frederick Praeger, 1967), p. 94.

2 Farkas, József, “Rohanunk a forradalomba:” A magyar irodalom eszmélése 1914–1919 (Budapest: Gondolat, 1969), p. 9.

3 Tihanyi, Leslie C. to Jászi, Oszkár, 11 29, 1935, “Jászi Collection,” Butler Library, Columbia University.

4 See Károlyi, MihályEgy egész világ ellen (Against the entire world) (Budapest: Gondolat, 1965); Bóhm, Vilmos, Két forradalom tüzében (In the fire of two revolutions) (Budapest: Népszava, n.d.); Buchinger, Manó, Küzdelem a szocializmusért (Struggle for socialism) (Budapest: Népszava, n.d.); Jászi, Oszkár, Jászi Oszkár publicisztikája: Válogatás (Oszkár Jászi's articles: A collection) (Budapest: Magvetö, 1982); Sinkó, Ervin, Optimisták (Optimists) (Novi Sad: Forum, 19531955); Kassák, Lajos, Egy ember élete (The life of a man) (Budapest: Pantheon, n.d.).

5 Aprilis (November 20, 1918), p. 2.

6 Bõhm, Vilmos, Két forradalom tüzében, p. 152.

7 Buchinger, Manó, Küzdelem a szocializmusért, II, 3435.

8 Babits, Mihály, quoted in Farkas, József, Értelmiség és forradalom: Kultúra, sajtó, és irodalom a Magyar Tanácsköztársásgban (Intellectuals and revolution: Culture, the press, and literature during the Hungarian Socialist Republic) (Budapest: Kossuth, 1984), p. 32.

9 Tõkés, Rudolf, Béla Kun, p. 164.

10 Ibid., p. 22.

11 Jászi, Oszkár, “A háború átéléséröl” (Living through the war), Huszadik Század (07 1915), pp. 5253.

12 Polányi, Karl, “Fizikai és szellemi munka” (Physical and intellectual work), Szabadgondolat (03 1919).

13 Kassák, Lajos, “Programme,” A Tett (03 20, 1916), p. 153.

14 Haraszti, Zoltán, “A betũktõl az istenig” (From language to divinity), A Tett (12 1, 1915), p. 37.

15 Vajda, János, “Világnézet,” A Tett 01 5, 1916), p. 70.

16 See Gluck, Mary, Georg Lukács and His Generation, 1900–1918 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985).

17 Jászi, Oszkár, Mi a radikalizmus? (What is radicalism?) (Budapest: n.p., 1918), p. 7.

18 Haraszti, , “A betũktõl az istenig,” p. 39.

19 Editorial, Szabadgondolat (December 1918).

20 Lukács, Georg, “Taktika és etika” (Tactics and ethics) in Utam Marxhoz (My road to Marx) (Budapest: Gondolat, 1971), I, 196.

21 Sinkó, Ervin, Optimisták, I, 307.

22 Jászi, Oszkár, “Proletárdiktatúra” (Dictatorship of the proletariat), Szabadgondolat (12 1918).

23 Barta, Sándor, “A kultúrában forradalmasított ember” (The culturally radicalized individual), Ma (06 1, 1919), p. 110.

24 Szélpál, Arpád, “Forradalmi mũvészet vagy pártmũvészet” (Revolutionary art versus party propaganda), Ma (01 26, 1919), p. 19.

25 Kassák, Lajos, “Aktivizmus” (Activism), Ma (04 10, 1919), p. 48.

26 Kassák, Lajos, Egy ember élete (The life of a man) (Budapest: Pantheon, n.d.), pp. 207208.

27 See Gerõ, András, “Népképviselet a Monarchia Magyarországán” (National representation in the Hungary of the Monarchy), Unpublished dissertation, University of Budapest, 1986.

28 Bõhm, Vilmos, Két formdalom tüzében, p. 210.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed