Hostname: page-component-7dc689bd49-6fmns Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-03-21T11:55:33.341Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

An Evaluation of a CBT Group for Women with Low Self-Esteem

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 June 2011

Liza Morton*
Lynebank Hospital, Dunfermline, Scotland
Louise Roach
Lynebank Hospital, Dunfermline, Scotland
Helen Reid
Lynebank Hospital, Dunfermline, Scotland
Scott Hallam Stewart
Lynebank Hospital, Dunfermline, Scotland
Reprint requests to Liza Morton, Clinical Psychology Department, Lynebank Hospital, Halbeath Road, Dunfermline KY11 4UW, Fife, Scotland. E-mail:


Background: Self-esteem is an important factor in the development and maintenance of good psychological health. Low self-esteem can be a consequence of mental health disorders (such as depression, anxiety and panic) or it can be a vulnerability factor for the development of such problems. Aims and method: The current study reports pilot findings from a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) group intervention for 37 adult women with low self-esteem, based on Fennell's Overcoming Low Self-Esteem Self-Help Course. Results: Findings suggest that the group is (statistically and clinically) effective at increasing levels of self-esteem and at reducing levels of depression and anxiety. Conclusions: Together, results suggest that the group provides an efficient and therapeutically beneficial service. However, since these findings are limited by the lack of control or follow-up data, they warrant further investigation.

Brief Clinical Reports
Copyright © British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies 2011

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A. and Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory-II. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G. and Steer, R. A. (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 893897.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Burden, D. S. and Gottlieb, N. (1987). Women's socialization and feminist groups. In Brody, C. M. (Ed.), Women's Therapy Groups: paradigms of feminist treatment. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
Fennell, M. J. V. (1997). Low self-esteem: a cognitive perspective. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 25, 126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fennell, M. J. V. (2006). Overcoming Low Self-Esteem Self-Help Course. London: Robinson & Constable.Google Scholar
Herman, J. and Schatzow, E. (1984). Time-limited group therapy for women with a history of incest. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 34, 605616.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McManus, F., Waite, P. and Shafran, R. (2009). Cognitive-behavior therapy for low self-esteem: a case example. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 16, 266275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rigby, L. and Waite, S. (2006). Group therapy for self-esteem, using creative approaches and metaphor as clinical tools. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 35, 361364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robson, P. (1989). Development of a new self-report questionnaire to measure self-esteem. Psychological Medicine, 19, 513518.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Walker, L. J. S. (1987). Women's groups are different. In Brody, C.M. (Ed.), Women's Therapy Groups: paradigms of feminist treatment. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
Submit a response


No Comments have been published for this article.