Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-662rr Total loading time: 0.309 Render date: 2022-05-29T08:06:06.686Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

Metacognitions in Desire Thinking: A Preliminary Investigation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 July 2010

Gabriele Caselli*
Affiliation:
London South Bank University, UK and Cognitive Psychotherapy School, Modena, Italy
Marcantonio M. Spada
Affiliation:
London South Bank University, and North East London NHS Foundation Trust, UK
*
Reprint requests to Gabriele Caselli, Department of Mental Health and Learning Disabilities, Faculty of Health and Social Care, London South Bank University, 103 Borough Road, London SE1 0AA, UK. E-mail casellig@lsbu.ac.uk

Abstract

Background: Desire thinking is defined as a voluntary thinking process orienting to prefigure images, information and memories about positive target-related experience. Recent research has highlighted the role of desire thinking in the maintenance of addictive, eating and impulse control disorders. Currently little is known about metacognitions in desire thinking. Aim: To investigate: (1) the presence and content of desire thinking during a desire experience; (2) the presence of metacognitive beliefs in desire thinking; (3) the goal of desire thinking; (4) attentional focus during desire thinking; and (5) the impact of desire thinking on craving. Method: Twenty-four individuals with a diagnosis of either alcohol abuse, bulimia nervosa, pathological gambling or smoking dependence were assessed using a semi-structured interview. Results: Findings indicated that participants engaged in desire thinking and endorsed both positive and negative metacognitive beliefs about this process. The goal of desire thinking was to regulate internal states. Participants also reported that during a desire experience their attentional focus was continuously shifting between internal state and external context and that engaging in desire thinking increased craving. Conclusions: These findings provide preliminary evidence that metacognitions play a role in desire thinking.

Type
Brief Clinical Reports
Copyright
Copyright © British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies 2010

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: Author.Google ScholarPubMed
Castellani, B. and Rugle, L. (1995). A comparison of pathological gamblers to alcoholics and cocaine misusers on impulsivity, sensation seeking and craving. International Journal of Addiction, 30, 275289.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Field, M., Schoenmakers, T. and Wiers, R. W. (2008). Cognitive processes in alcohol binges: a review and research agenda. Current Drug Abuse Reviews, 1, 263279.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kavanagh, D. J., Andrade, J. and May, J. (2004). Beating the urge: implications of research into substance-related desires. Addictive Behaviors, 29, 1399–1372.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kavanagh, D. J., Andrade, J. and May, J. (2005). Imaginary relish and exquisite torture: the elaborated intrusion theory of desire. Psychological Review, 112, 446467.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
May, J., Andrade, J., Panabokke, N. and Kavanagh, D. (2004). Images of desire: cognitive models of craving. Memory, 12, 447461.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Moreno, S., Warren, C. S., Rodriguez, S., Fernandez, M. C. and Cepeda-Benito, A. (2009). Food cravings discriminate between anorexia and bulimia nervosa: implications for “success” versus “failure” in dietary restriction. Appetite, 52, 588594.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nikčević, A. V. and Spada, M. M. (2010). Metacognitions about smoking: a preliminary investigation. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy (published electronically 26/02/2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Salkovskis, P. M. and Reynolds, M. (1994). Thought suppression and smoking cessation. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 32, 193201.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Spada, M. M. and Wells, A. (2009). A metacognitive model of problem drinking. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 16, 383393.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wells, A. (2000). Emotional Disorders and Metacognition: innovative cognitive therapy. Chichester, UK: Wiley.Google Scholar
Wells, A. (2008). Metacognitive Therapy for Anxiety and Depression. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Wells, A. and Matthews, G. (1994). Attention and Emotion: a clinical perspective. Hove, UK: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Zajonc, R. B. (1980). Feeling and thinking: preferences need no inferences. American Psychologist, 35, 151175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Submit a response

Comments

No Comments have been published for this article.
60
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Metacognitions in Desire Thinking: A Preliminary Investigation
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Metacognitions in Desire Thinking: A Preliminary Investigation
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Metacognitions in Desire Thinking: A Preliminary Investigation
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *