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The Assessment and Short-term Manipulation of Affect in the Severely Demented

  • Heather C. Gaebler (a1) and David R. Hemsley (a2)

A series of observation studies on elderly demented patients were carried out in an attempt to devise a reliable instrument for measuring engaged behaviour and emotional responses. This was achieved in a number of stages, and a final small scale study demonstrated a high level of inter-rater reliability. The instrument was then employed to assess the effects of a short-term intervention in a group of non-verbal elderly patients on a geriatric ward. A single case design was employed and replicated across six subjects. The results provide some support for the efficacy of this type of intervention, although there was considerable inter-subject variability in response.

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J. J. Bartko and W. T. Carpenter (1976). On the methods and theory of reliability. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 163(5), 307317.

P. Ekman (1972). Emotion in the Human Face. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

M. O. Hogstel (1979). The use of reality orientation with ageing confused patients. Nursing Research 28, 161165.

C. M. Whissell (1985). The role of the face in human emotions: first system or one of many. Perceptual and Motor Skills 61, 312.

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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
  • ISSN: 1352-4658
  • EISSN: 1469-1833
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioural-and-cognitive-psychotherapy
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