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  • Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, Volume 30, Issue 2
  • April 2002, pp. 227-231


  • Kerry A. Armstrong (a1) and Nigar G. Khawaja (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2002

Past research has demonstrated that anxiety disorders represent a significant mental health concern. A review of the literature in the area indicates that there is limited information regarding gender differences on the basis of cognitions in clinical or nonclinical samples. The current investigation sought to determine whether any observable gender differences existed in the expression of symptoms, cognitions, and anxiety sensitivity for a nonclinical sample of 48 males and 49 females. Multivariate analyses of variance revealed support for gender differences in the expression of physiological hyperarousal, catastrophic cognitions and a general level of anxiety sensitivity in a nonclinical population. The strengths, limitations, and directions for future research are discussed.

Corresponding author
Reprint requests and requests for extended report to Nigar G. Khawaja, Department of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Carseldine, QLD 4034, Australia. E-mail:
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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
  • ISSN: 1352-4658
  • EISSN: 1469-1833
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioural-and-cognitive-psychotherapy
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