This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
A. T. Beck , N. Epstein , G. Brown and R. A. Steer (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 893–897.
T. D. Borkovec , E. Robinson , T. Pruzinsky and J. A. DePee (1983). Preliminary exploration on worry: some characteristics and processes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 21, 9–16.
T. D. Borkovec , W. J. Ray and J. Stöber (1998). Worry: a cognitive phenomenon intimately linked to affective, physiological, and interpersonal behavioral processes. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 22, 561–576.
C. R. Brewin , B. Andrews and I. H. Gotlib (1993). Psychopathology and early experience: a reappraisal of retrospective reports. Psychological Bulletin, 113, 82–98.
T. A. Brown , M. M. Antony and D. Barlow (1993). Psychometric properties of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire in a clinical anxiety disorders sample. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 30, 33–37.
S. Cartwright-Hatton and A. Wells (1997). Beliefs about worry and intrusions: the metacognitions questionnaire and its correlates. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 11, 279–315.
S. Cartwright-Hatton , A. Mather , V. Illingworth , J. Brocki , R. Harrington and A. Wells (2004). Development and preliminary validation of the Meta-cognitions Questionnaire—Adolescent version. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 18, 411–422.
D. M. Cheron , J. T. Ehrenreich and D. B. Pincus (2009). Assessment of parental experiential avoidance in a clinical sample of children with anxiety disorder. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 40, 383–403.
B. F. Chorpita and D. H. Barlow (1998). The development of anxiety: the role of control in early environment. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 3–21.
J. Cohen (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (2nd edn). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
D. M. Fresco , D. S. Mennin , R. G. Heimberg and C. Turk (2003). Using the Penn State Worry Questionnaire to identify individuals with generalized anxiety disorder: a receiver operating characteristic analysis. Journal of Behaviour Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 34, 283–291.
B. Gallagher and S. Cartwright-Hatton (2008). The relationship between parenting factors and trait anxiety: mediating role of cognitive errors and metacognition. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 22, 722–733.
C. Gerlsma , P. M. Emmelkamp and W. A. Arrindell (1990). Anxiety, depression and perception of early parenting: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 10, 251–277.
K. Grüner , P. Muris and H. Merckelbach (1999). The relationship between anxious rearing behaviours and anxiety disorders symptomatology in normal children. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 30, 27–35.
C. Manfredi , G. Caselli , D. Rebecchi , F. Rovetto , G. M. Ruggiero , S. Sassaroli and M. M. Spada (2011). Temperament and parental styles as predictors of ruminative brooding and worry. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 186–191.
S. C. Messer and D. C. Beidel (1994). Psychosocial correlates of childhood anxiety disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 33, 975–983.
T. J. Meyer , M. L. Miller , R. L. Metzger and T. D. Borkovec (1990). Development and validation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 28, 487–495.
P. Muris (2002). Parental rearing behaviors and worry of normal adolescents. Psychological Reports, 91, 428–430.
P. Muris and H. Merckelbach (1998). Perceived parental rearing behaviour and anxiety disorders symptoms in normal children. Personality and Individual Differences, 25, 1199–1206.
S. Nolen-Hoeksema , A. Wolfson , G. Mumme and K. Guskin (1995). Helplessness in children of depressed and nondepressed mothers. Developmental Psychology, 31, 377–387.
G. Overbeek , M. Ten Have , W. Vollebergh and R. De Graaf (2007). Parental lack of care and overprotection: longitudinal associations with DSM-III R disorders. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 42, 87–93.
G. Parker , H. Tupling and L. Brown (1979). Parental Bonding Instrument. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 52, 1–10.
P. Rankin , R. Bentall , J. Hill and P. Kinderman (2005). Perceived relationships with parents and paranoid delusions: comparisons of current ill, remitted and normal participants. Psychopathology, 38, 16–25.
W. K. Silverman , J. A. Cerny and W. B. Nelles (1988). The familial influence in anxiety disorders: studies on the offspring of patients with anxiety disorders. In B. Lahey and A. Kazdin (Eds.), Advances in Clinical Child Psychology (Vol. 11, pp. 223–248). New York: Plenum Press.
M. M. Spada , C. Mohiyeddini and A. Wells (2008). Measuring metacognitions associated with emotional distress: factor structure and predictive validity of the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 238–242.
M. M. Spada , A. V. Nikčević , G. B. Moneta and A. Wells (2008). Metacognition, perceived stress, and negative emotion. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 1172–1181.
J. Spasojevic and L. B. Alloy (2002). Who becomes a depressive ruminator? Developmental antecedents of ruminative response style. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 16, 405–419.
A. Wells (1995). Worry and the incubation of intrusive images following stress. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33, 579–583.
A. Wells and S. Cartwright-Hatton (2004). A short form of the metacognitions questionnaire: properties of the MCQ-30. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 385–396.
A. Wells and C. Papageorgiou (1998). Relationships between worry and obsessive-compulsive symptoms and meta-cognitive beliefs. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36, 899–913.