Allan S. and Gilbert P. (1995). A social comparison scale: psychometric properties and relationships to psychopathology. Personality and Individual Differences, 1, 293–299
Allan S., Gilbert P. and Goss K. (1994). An exploration of shame measures: II. Psychopathology. Personality and Individual Differences, 17, 719–722.
Baumeister R. F., Smart L. and Boden J. M. (1997). Relation to threatened egotism to violence and aggression: the dark side of high self-esteem. Psychological Review, 103, 5–33.
Bebbington P. E., Bhugra D., Brugha T., Singleston N., Farrell M., Jenkins G., Lewis G and Meltzer H (2004). Psychosis, victimization and childhood disadvantage: evidence from the second British National Survey of psychiatric morbidity. British Journal of Psychiatry, 185, 220–226.
Beck A. T., Steer R. A. and Brown G. K. (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory –II. San Antonio TX, The Psychological Corporation.
Bentall R. P., Kinderman P. and Kaney S. (1994). The self, attributional processes and abnormal beliefs: towards a model of persecutory delusions. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 32, 331–341.
Birchwood M. J., Hallett S. E. and Preston M. C. (1989). Schizophrenia: an integrated approach to research and treatment. New York: New York University Press.
Birchwood M., Mason R., MacMillan F. and Healy J. (1993). Depression, demoralisation and control over psychotic illness: a comparison of depressed and non-depressed patients with a chronic psychosis. Psychological Medicine, 23, 387–395.
Birchwood M. and Iqbal Z. (1998). Depression and suicidal thinking in psychosis: a cognitive approach. In Wykes T., Tarrier N. and Lewis S. (Eds.), Outcome and Innovation in Psychological Treatment of Schizophrenia (pp. 81–100). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Boswell G. (1996). Young and Dangerous: the backgrounds and careers of section 53 offenders. Aldershot: Avebury.
Bowlby J. (1988). A Secure Base: clinical applications of attachment theory. London: Routledge.
Buss D. M. (2003). Evolutionary Psychology: the new sciences of mind (2nd edn). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Butler R. J. and Gasson S. L (2004). The Self-Image Profile for Adults (SIP-Adult). San Antonio, TX: Harcourt Assessment.
Campbell M. L. C. and Morrison A. P. (2007). The relationship between bullying, psychotic-like experiences and appraisals in 14–16 year olds. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 1579–1591.
Day A., Gerace A., Wilson C. and Howells K. (2008). Promoting forgiveness in violent offenders: a more positive approach to offender rehabilitation? Aggression and Violent Behaviour, 13, 195–200.
Fonagy P., Target M., Steele M., Steele H., Leigh T., Levinson A. and Kennedy R. (1997). Morality, disruptive behaviour, borderline personality disorder, crime, and their relationships to security of attachment. In Atkinson L. and Zucker K. J. (Eds.), Attachment and Psychopathology. New York: Guilford Press.
Fonagy P., Gergely G., Jurist E. L. and Target M. (2002). Affect Regulation, Mentalisation, and the Development of the Self. London: Karnac.
Garety P. A., Kuipers E., Fowler D., Freeman D. and Bebbington P. E. (2001). A cognitive model of the positive symptoms of psychosis. Psychological Medicine, 31, 189–195.
Gilbert P. (1989). Human Nature and Suffering. Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Gilbert P. (1992). Depression: the evolution of powerlessness. Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Gilbert P. (2000). Social mentalities: internal “social” conflicts and the role of inner warmth and compassion in cognitive therapy. In Gilbert P. and Bailey K. G. (Eds.), Genes on the Couch; explorations in evolutionary psychotherapy (pp. 118–150). Hove: Psychology Press.
Gilbert P. (2001). Evolutionary approaches to psychopathology: the role of natural defences. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 35, 17–27.
Gilbert P. (2003). Evolution, social roles and the differences in shame and guilt. Social Research, 70, 401–426.
Gilbert P. (2004). Depression: a biopsychosocial, integrative and evolutionary approach. In Power M. (Ed.), Mood Disorders: a handbook of science and practice (pp. 99–142). Chichester: Wiley.
Gilbert P. (2005). Compassion and cruelty: a biopsychosocial approach. In Gilbert P. (Ed.), Compassion: conceptualisations, research and use in psychotherapy (pp. 9–74). Brighton: Brunner-Routledge.
Gilbert P., Cheung M. S-P., Grandfield T., Campey F. and Irons C. (2003). Recall of threat and submissiveness in childhood: development of a new scale and its relationship with depression, social comparison and shame. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 10, 108–115.
Gilbert P. and Irons C. (2005). Focused therapies and compassionate mind training for shame and self-attacking. In Gilbert P. (Ed.), Compassion: conceptualisations, research and use in psychotherapy (pp. 263–326). London: Routledge.
Gilbert P. and Miles J. N. V. (2000). Sensitivity to social put down: its relationship to perceptions of social rank, shame, social anxiety, depression, anger and self-other blame. Personality and Individual Differences, 29, 757–774.
Gilbert P. and Proctor S. (2006). Compassionate mind training for people with high shame and self-criticism: overview and pilot study of a group approach. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 13, 353–379.
Goss K., Gilbert P. and Allan S. (1994). An exploration of shame measures I. the “other as shamer scale”. Personality and Individual Differences, 17, 713–717.
Gumley A. and Schwannauer M,(2006). Staying Well After Psychosis: a cognitive interpersonal approach to recovery and relapse prevention. New York: Wiley.
Haddock G., Lowens I., Brosnan N., Barrowclough C. and Novaco R. W. (2004). Cognitive-behavioural therapy for in-patients with psychosis and anger problems within a low secure environment. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 32, 77–98.
Herz M. I. and Melville C. (1980). Relapse in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 137, 801–805.
Kay S., Fiszbein A. and Opler I. (1987). The positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 13, 261–275.
Laithwaite H. and Gumley A. (2007). Sense of self, adaptation and recovery in patients with psychosis in a forensic NHS setting. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 14, 302–316.
Laithwaite H., Gumley A., Benn A., Scott E., Downey K., Black K. and McEwen S. (2007). Self-esteem and psychosis: a pilot study investigating the effectiveness of a self-esteem programme on the self-esteem and positive symptomatology of mentally disordered offenders. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 35, 569–577.
Liotti G. and Gumley A. (2008). An attachment perspective on schizophrenia: the role of disorganised attachment, dissociation and mentalisation. Psychosis, Trauma and Dissociation, 14, 117–133.
Lee D. (2005). The perfect nurturer: a model to develop a compassionate mind within the context of cognitive therapy. In Gilbert P. (Ed.), Compassion: conceptualisations, research and use in psychotherapy. London: Bruner-Routledge.
Legg L. and Gilbert P. (2006). A pilot study of gender of voice and gender of voice hearer in psychotic voice hearers. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 79, 517–527.
MacBeth A., Schwannauer M. and Gumley A. (2008). The association between attachment style, social mentalities, and paranoid ideation: an analogue study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 81, 79–93.
McCandless-Glimcher L., McKnight S., Hamera E., Smith B. L., Peterson K. A. and Plumlee A. A. (1986). Use of symptoms by schizophrenics to monitor and regulate their illness. Hospital and Community Psychiatry. 37, 929–933.
Murphy J. M., Nierenberg A. A., Monson R. R., Laird N. M., Sobol A. M. and Leighton A. H. (2002). Self-disparagement as a feature and forerunner of depression: findings from the Stirling County study. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 43, 13–21.
Neff K. D. (2003a). Self-compassion: an alternative conceptualisation of a healthy attitude towards oneself. Self and Identity, 2, 85–102
Neff K. D. (2003b). The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223–250.
Read J., Goodman L., Morrison A., Ross C., and Aderhold V. (2004). Childhood trauma, loss and stress. In Read J., Mosher L. and Bentall R. (Eds.), Models of Madness: psychological, social and biological approaches to schizophrenia (pp. 223–252). Hove, Brunner-Routledge.
Read J. and Gumley A. (2008). Can attachment theory help explain the relationship between childhood adversity and psychosis? Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis, 2, 1–35
Romme M. A. J. and Escher A. D. M. A. C. (1989). Hearing voices. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 15, 209–216.
Rooke O. and Birchwood M. (1998). Loss, humiliation and entrapment as appraisals of schizophrenic illness: a prospective study of depressed and non-depressed patients. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 37, 259–268.
Rosenberg M. (1965). Society and Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Rosenberg M., Schooler C., Schoenbach C. and Rosenberg F. (1995). Global self-esteem and specific self-esteem: different concepts, different outcomes. American Sociological Review, 60, 141–156.
Sloman L. (2000). How involuntary defeat is related to depression. In Sloman L. and Gilbert P. (Eds.), Subordination and Defeat: an evolutionary approach to mood disorders and their therapy (pp. 47–66). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Sloman L., Gilbert P. and Hasey G. (2003). Evolved mechanisms in depression: the role and interaction of attachment and social rank in depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 74, 107–121.
Smith B., Fowler D. G., Freeman D., Bebbington P., Bashforth H., Garety P., Dunn G. and Kuipers E. (2006). Emotion and psychosis: links between depression, self-esteem, negative schematic beliefs and delusions and hallucinations. Schizophrenia Research, 86, 181–188.
The State Hospitals Board for Scotland (2005). The State Hospital Annual Review. Carstairs: Author.
Ward T. and Marshall W. L. (2004). Good lives, aetiology and the rehabilitation of sex offenders: a bridging theory. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 10, 153–169.