Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Biology, taxonomy and conservation status of the Short-tailed Green Magpie Cissa [t.] thalassina from Java

  • S. (BAS) VAN BALEN (a1), JAMES A. EATON (a2) and FRANK E. RHEINDT (a3)
Summary

The Short-tailed Green Magpie Cissa thalassina, a member of an Asian lineage of uniquely coloured corvids, is represented by two subspecies, thalassina and jefferyi, that occur on the islands of Java and Borneo, respectively. The distinct Javan nominate form is poorly described in the literature and next to nothing is published on its biology and occurrence in the wild. We here document the biology and distribution of this taxon based on hitherto unpublished historical data and on our own fieldwork. We also analyse vocal data of jefferyi, thalassina and two other Cissa species and show that jefferyi and thalassina are well-differentiated, and that thalassina is bioacoustically more similar to another Cissa species from the Asian mainland. We also demonstrate important and significant biometric differences between jefferyi and thalassina that may reflect divergent adaptations to the environment, as well as plumage differences that may serve signalling functions. Finally, the application of a novel species delimitation test to our data suggests that jefferyi and thalassina deserve to be classified as biological species because their phenotypic divergence exceeds that found in many sympatric species. The revised taxonomic status of Javan thalassina invites a reconsideration of its threat status. Based on its restricted range, extreme rarity and threats by bird trapping and habitat destruction, we consider the Javan Green Magpie as globally Critically Endangered.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Biology, taxonomy and conservation status of the Short-tailed Green Magpie Cissa [t.] thalassina from Java
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Biology, taxonomy and conservation status of the Short-tailed Green Magpie Cissa [t.] thalassina from Java
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Biology, taxonomy and conservation status of the Short-tailed Green Magpie Cissa [t.] thalassina from Java
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence; e-mail: bvanbalen001@hotmail.com
References
Hide All
Andrew, P. (1985) An annotated checklist of the birds of the Cibodas-Gunung Gede Nature Reserve. Kukila 2: 1028.
dos Anjos, L. (2009) Family Corvidae (Crows). Pp. 494640 in del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Christie, D. A., eds. Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 14. Bush-shrikes to Old World sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.
van Balen, J. H. (1918) De dierenwereld van Insulinde. II. De vogels. Zutphen, The Netherlands: Thieme.
van Balen, S. (1984) Comparison of bird counts and bird observations in the neighbourhood of Bogor (Indonesia). Student Report. Utrecht: State University of Utrecht.
van Balen, S. (1988) Forest fragmentation and the survival of forest birds in Indonesia: a preliminary report. Pp. 115165 in Proc. Seminar Nachkontakt DAAD, Bogor 9-11 December 1987.
van Balen, S. (1999) Birds on fragmented islands: persistence in the forests of Java and Bali. PhD dissertation. Wageningen: Wageningen University.
Bartels, M. E. G. (1902) Zur Ornis Java. Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned-Indië 61: 129172.
Bartels, M. (1906) Systematische Übersicht meiner Java-Vögel. J. Orn. 54: 383–407, 497519.
Bartels, E. (1897-1931) Vogels van Kole Beres. Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned-Indië 91: 308348.
Basuni, S. and Setiyani, G. (1989). [Bird trading at the Pasar Pramuka, Jakarta and the bird catching techniques] Media Konservasi 2 (2): 918. (In Indonesian, with English summary).
Becking, J. H. (1989) Henry Jacob Victor Sody (1892-1959). His life and work. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia. The BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
Collar, N. J., Crosby, M. J. and Stattersfield, A. J. (1994) Birds to watch 2. The world list of threatened birds. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series 4).
Chasen, F. N. (1935) A handlist of Malaysian birds. Bull. Raffles Mus. 11: 1389.
Delacour, J. (1929) Révision du genre Cissa. L’Oiseau et R.F.O. 10: 112.
Delsman, H. C. (1927) Vogelleven in het oerbosch II. Trop. Nat. 16: 8289.
Dickinson, E. C., Eck, S. and Martens, J. (2004) Systematic notes on Asian birds. 44. A preliminary review of the Corvidae. Zool. Verh. Leiden 350: 85109.
Forbes, H. O. (1885) A naturalist’s wanderings in the Eastern Archipelago. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington.
Goodwin, D. (1976) Crows of the world. London, UK: British Museum (Natural History).
Goodwin, D. (1986) Crows of the world. 2nd edition. London, UK: British Museum (Natural History).
Hellebrekers, W. P. J. and Hoogerwerf, A. (1967) A further contribution to our oological knowledge of the island of Java (Indonesia). Zool. Verh. Leiden 88: 1164.
Holmes, D. A. (1985) Ornithological reflections: the Thai connection. Voice of Nature 28: 1315.
Hoogerwerf, A. (1948) Contribution to the knowledge of the distribution of birds on the island of Java. Treubia 19: 83137.
Hoogerwerf, A. (1949) Bijdrage tot de oölogie van Java. Limosa 22: 1279.
Hoogerwerf, A. (1950) The avifauna van Tjibodas en omgeving, inclusief het natuurmonument Tjibodas-Gn. Gede (West-Java). Limosa 23: 1156.
Howard, R. and Moore, A. (1980) A complete checklist of the birds of the world. London, UK: Macmillan.
Iskandar, J. (1980) [Study of birds in several village areas in the Citarum catchment area]. Student Report. Bandung: Padjadjaran University. (In Indonesian).
IUCN (2001) IUCN Red List categories and criteria version 3.1. URL: http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria/2001-categories-criteria
James, F. C. (1970) Geographic size variation in birds and its relationship to climate. Ecology 51: 365390.
Koningsberger, J. C. (1907) Zoologische wandelingen te Tjibodas. II. Boschvogels. Teysmannia 18: 6776.
Koningsberger, J. C. (1915). Java, zoölogisch en biologisch. Buitenzorg, The Netherlands: Department Landbouw, Nijverheid & Handel.
Kuroda, N. (1933) Birds of the island of Java 1. Passerines. Tokyo: published by the author.
Kuschel, M. (1895) Zur Oologie Javas. Orn. Monatsber. 3: 153156.
Madge, S. and Burn, H. (1994) Crows and jays. London, UK: Helm.
Medway, Lord and Wells, D. R. (1976) The birds of the Malay Peninsula. Volume 5 Conclusion, and survey of every species. London and Kuala Lumpur: Witherby & Penerbit Universiti Malaya.
Nash, S. V. (1993) Sold for a song. The trade in Southeast Asian non-CITES birds. Traffic Southeast Asia.
Nicholson, F. (1882) Supplementary notes to the list of birds collected by Mr. H.O. Forbes in the island of Java. Ibis 24: 6671.
Nijman, V., Shepherd, C. R. and van Balen, S. (2009) Declaration of the Javan Hawk-eagle as Indonesia’s National Rare Animal impedes conservation of the species. Oryx 43: 17.
van Oort, E. D. (1910) List of a collection of birds from western Java and from Krakatau. Notes Leyden Mus. 32: 105166.
Peters, J. L. (1962) Check-list of birds of the world. Vol. 15. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology.
Riffel, M. (1991) Gunung Halimun - ein positives Naturschutzbeispiel. Mitt. Zool. Gesellschaft für Arten- und Populationsschutz e.V 7 (2): 12.
Robinson, H. C. and Kloss, C. B. (1924) A nominal list of the birds collected on Java. Treubia 5: 267298.
Rutgers, A. and Norris, K. A. (1977) Encyclopaedia of aviculture. Vol. 3. Poole, Dorset, UK: Blandford Press.
Scharringa, J. (2005) Birds of tropical Asia 3. Enschede, The Netherlands: Bird Songs International.
Shepherd, C. R, Sukumaran, J. and Wich, S. A. (2004). Open season: an analysis of the pet trade in Medan, Sumatra 1997-2001. Traffic Southeast Asia.
Sibley, C. G. and Monroe, B. L. (1990). Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. New Haven, CT and London, UK: Yale University Press.
Sodhi, N. S., Soh, M. C. K., Prawiradilaga, D. M., Darjono, and Brook, B. W. (2005) Persistence of lowland rainforest birds in a recently logged area in central Java. Bird Conserv. Internatn. 15: 173191.
Sody, H. J. V. (1956) De Javaanse bosvogels (Javanese forest birds). Indonesian J. Nat. Sci. 112: 153170.
Sözer, R. and Nijman, V. (1995) Behavioural ecology, distribution and conservation of the Javan Hawk-eagle Spizaetus bartelsi Stresemann, 1924. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Zoologisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam. (Verslagen en Technische Gegevens 62).
Stresemann, E. (1930) Eine Vogelsammlung vom Vulkan Papandajan (West-Java). Treubia 12: 425430.
Tobias, J. A., Seddon, N., Spottiswoode, C. N., Pilgrim, J. D., Fishpool, L. D. C. and Collar, N. J. (2010) Quantitative criteria for species delimitation. Ibis 152: 724746.
de Visard de Bocarmé, J. (1829) Quelques observations faites à Java par le comte J. de Visard de Bocarmé sur les moers et habitudes d’oiseaux déjà projurés ou décrits dans divers ouvrages. Manuscript in NCB Naturalis Leiden, The Netherlands.
Vorderman, A. G. (1886) Bijdrage tot de kennis der avifauna van den berg Salak. Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned-Indië 46: 304414.
Vorderman, A. G. (1887) Bijdrage tot de kennis van de avifauna der Preanger Regentschappen langs de Wijnkoopersbaai (West-Java). Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned-Indië 46: 6590.
Walters, M. (1980) The complete birds of the world. London, UK: David and Charles.
Wells, D. R. (1985) The forest avifauna of Western Malesia. Pp. 213232 in Diamond, A. W. and Lovejoy, T. E., eds. Conservation of tropical forest birds. Cambridge UK: International Council for Bird Preservation. (ICBP Technical Publication 4).
Whitehead, J. (1893) Exploration of Mount Kina Balu, North Borneo. London, UK: Gurney & Jackson.
Wind, J. and Soesilo, B. K. (1978) Proposed Halimun Nature Reserve management plan 1979-1982. Bogor, Indonesia: FAO.
Wolters, H. E. (1977) Die Vogelarten der Erde. Hamburg and Berlin, Germany: Paul Parey.
Wordpress (2011). [Information on regional minimum wages, 2010, 2011]. URL: http://allows.wordpress.com/2009/01/12/informasi-upah-minimum-regional-umr. Accessed on 20 July 2011. (In Indonesian).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bird Conservation International
  • ISSN: 0959-2709
  • EISSN: 1474-0001
  • URL: /core/journals/bird-conservation-international
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×
Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Van Balen Supplementary Material
Van Balen Supplementary Material

 Word (57 KB)
57 KB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed