Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-jbqgn Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-20T02:57:47.797Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Conservation status of endemic Galliformes on Hainan Island, China

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 May 2010

Gao Yu-ren
Affiliation:
South China Institute of Endangered Animals, Guangzhou 610260, China
Rights & Permissions [Opens in a new window]

Summary

Core share and HTML view are not available for this content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

The Hainan Hill-partridge Arborophila ardens is endemic to the island of Hainan, which lies off the south coast of China. Distinct subspecies of the Silver Pheasant Lophura nyethemera xvhiteheadi and Grey Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum katsumatae are also endemic to the island. All three taxa are considered endangered and are very poorly known in the wild. Surveys of remaining patches of forest were undertaken between 1987 and 1994 during which local people were interviewed and some forest areas were visited. The hill-partridge was confirmed from three blocks of forest and reported from a further four. The Silver Pheasant was found in six areas of forest and probably occurs in all remaining patches of well-developed secondary and primary forest. The Grey Peacock-pheasant was recorded in five forests and reported from a further four. The hill-partridge was more restricted in its habitat use than the other two species, the latter using well-developed secondary forest in addition to primary forests. Provisional density estimates made at Ba Wang Ling National Nature Reserve were 6–8 Hainan Hill-partridges/km2, 7.5 Silver Pheasants/km2 and 3.75 Grey Peacock-pheasants/km2.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Birdlife International 1998

References

Cheng, Tso-hsin, Tan, Yao-kuang, Lu, Tai-chun, Tang, Chan-zhu, Bao, Guijun and Li, Fu-lai (1978) [Fauna Sinica, Series Vertebrata. Aves, 4. Galliformes. Beijing: Science Press] (in Chinese).Google Scholar
Delacour, J. (1977) The pheasants of the world, second edition. Hindhead, U.K.: Spur Publications.Google Scholar
Gao, Yu-ren (1991a) [The Hainan Hill Partridge. Pp. 149–152 in Lu Tai-chun, editor-in chief. The rare and endangered gamebirds in China. Fuzhou: Fujan Science and Technology Press] (in Chinese).Google Scholar
Gao, Yu-ren (1991b) Present situation of the Grey Peacock-pheasant on Hainan Island. World Pheasant Assoc. News. 38: 810.Google Scholar
Gao, Yu-ren and Yang, Lan (1991) [The Grey Peacock-pheasant. Pp. 390–394 in Lu, Tai-chun, editor-in-chief. The rare and endangered gamebirds in China. Fuzhou: Fujan Science and Technology Press (In Chinese).Google Scholar
Gao, Yu-ren and Yu, De-qun (1995) [The ecology and situation of the Hainan subspecies of Silver Pheasant. Zool. Res. 16: 353358] (in Chinese with English summary).Google Scholar
Guangdong Institute of Entomology, Zoology Division and Zhongshan University, Biology Department (1983) [Birds and mammals of Hainan Island. Beijing: Science Press] (in Chinese).Google Scholar
Mackinnon, J., Meng, Sha, Cheung, C., Carey, G.Zhu, Xiang and Melville, D. (1996) A biodiversity review of China. Hong Kong: WWF International.Google Scholar
McGowan, P. J. K. and Garson, P. J. (1995) Pheasants: status survey and conservation action plan 1995–1999. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.Google Scholar
McGowan, P. J. K., Dowell, S. D., Carroll, J. P. and Aebischer, N. J. (1995) Partridges, quails, francolins, snowcocks and guineafowl: status survey and conservation action plan 1995–1999. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.Google Scholar
Morioka, H. (1957) The Hainan Tree-partridge Arborophila ardens. Ibis. 99: 344346Google Scholar