Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Establishment of a new, secure colony of Endangered Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow by translocation of near-fledged nestlings

  • NICHOLAS CARLILE (a1), DAVID PRIDDEL (a1) and JEREMY MADEIROS (a2)

Summary

Until recently, Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow (IUCN Category: ‘Endangered’) bred only in sub-optimal habitat on four small islets in north-east Bermuda. Although intensive management of the population since 1962 has led to a substantial increase in population size (now approaching 100 pairs), the nesting habitat on these four islets is being increasingly inundated, eroded and destroyed by high seas associated with hurricanes and storms. To ensure the long-term conservation of the species a decision was made to establish a new colony at a more secure site on nearby Nonsuch Island, where they once bred in large numbers. Between 2004 and 2008, 104 near-fledged nestlings were translocated to artificial burrows on Nonsuch Island, where they were hand-fed meals of fish and squid. All but three translocated birds fledged successfully, with the first returning to Nonsuch Island in February 2008. The first Bermuda Petrel egg on Nonsuch Island in more than 300 years was laid in January 2009, and the resultant fledgling departed in June of the same year. By the end of the 2009/10 breeding season, a total of 18 Bermuda Petrels have been recorded on Nonsuch Island, 17 were translocated as near-fledged nestlings, and one bird came from the existing colonies. A total of five eggs have been produced, resulting in two fledglings. The establishment of this new colony, at a site that is much more secure than the existing nesting sites, greatly enhances the conservation prospects of the species and demonstrates the importance of translocation as a tool for the conservation of threatened seabirds.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Establishment of a new, secure colony of Endangered Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow by translocation of near-fledged nestlings
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Establishment of a new, secure colony of Endangered Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow by translocation of near-fledged nestlings
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Establishment of a new, secure colony of Endangered Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow by translocation of near-fledged nestlings
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence; email: david.priddel@environment.nsw.gov.au

References

Hide All
Bell, M., Bell, B. D. and Bell, E. A. (2005) Translocation of fluttering shearwater (Puffinus gavia) nestlings to create a new colony. Notornis 52: 1115.
Butler, N. (1619) Historye of the Bermudaes. In Lefroy, J. H., ed. Memorials of the discovery and early settlement of the Bermudas or Somers Islands 1515–1652. Compiled from the Colonial Records and other original sources. Vol. 1. (1877). London: Longmans, Green and Co.
Emanuel, K. (2005) Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years. Nature 436: 686688.
Gangloff, B. and Wilson, K-J. (2004) Feeding frequency, meal size and chick growth in Pycroft’s petrel (Pterodroma pycrofti): preparing for chick translocations in Pterodroma species. Notornis 51: 2632.
Imber, M. J., McFadden, I., Bell, E. A. and Scofield, R. P. (2003) Post-fledging migration, age of first return and recruitment, and results of inter-colony translocation of black petrels (Procellaria parkinsoni). Notornis 50: 183190.
IUCN (2010) IUCN Red List of threatened species. Version 2010.1. http://www.iucnredlist.org (acceessed on 3 February 2010).
Madeiros, J. (2005) Recovery plan for the Bermuda Petrel (Cahow) Pterodroma cahow. Bermuda: Department of Conservation Services.
Madeiros, J., Carlile, N. and Priddel, D. (2012) Breeding ecology and population increase of the endangered Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow. Bird Conserv. Internatn. 22: 3545.
Miskelly, C. M. and Taylor, G. A. (2004) Establishment of a colony of Common Diving Petrels (Pelecanoides urinatrix) by chick transfers and acoustic attraction. Emu 104: 205211.
Miskelly, C. M., Taylor, G. A., Gummer, H. and Williams, R. (2009) Translocations of eight species of burrow-nesting seabirds (genera Pterodroma, Pelecanoides, Pachyptila and Puffinus: Family Procellariidae). Biol. Conserv. 142: 19651980.
Murphy, R. C. and Mowbray, L. S. (1951) New light on the Cahow, Pterodroma cahow. Auk 68: 266280.
Perrins, C. M., Harris, M. P. and Britton, C. K. (1973) Survival of Manx Shearwaters Puffinus puffinus. Ibis 115: 535548.
Priddel, D. and Carlile, N. (1995) An artificial nest box for burrow-nesting seabirds. Emu 95: 290294.
Priddel, D., Carlile, N. and Wheeler, R. (2006) Establishment of a new breeding colony of Gould’s petrel (Pterodroma leucoptera leucoptera) through the creation of artificial nesting habitat and the translocation of nestlings. Biol. Conserv. 128: 553563.
Sagar, P. M. and Horning, D. S. Jr. (1998) Mass-related survival of fledgling Sooty Shearwaters Puffinus griseus at The Snares, New Zealand. Ibis 140: 329331.
Strachy, X. (1625) Letter to an excellent Lady in Hakluytus Posthumus or Purchas His Pilgrimes. Purchase, S., ed. Contayning a history of the world in sea voyages, and lande-Trauells, by Englishmen and others. London: Hakluyt Society.
Tennyson, A. J. D. and Taylor, G. A. (1990) Behaviour of Pterodroma petrels in response to “war-whoops”. Notornis 37: 121128.
Wingate, D. B. (1978) Excluding competitors from Bermuda petrel nesting burrows. Pp. 93102 in Temple, S. A., ed. Endangered birds: management techniques for preserving threatened species. Madison, USA: University of Wisconsin Press.
Wingate, D. B. (1985) The restoration of Nonsuch Island as a living museum of Bermuda’s pre-colonial terrestrial biome. Pp. 225238 in Moors, P. J., ed. Conservation of island birds. Cambridge: International Council for Bird Preservation.
Wingate, D. B. (1988) The restoration of an island ecology. Whole Earth Rev. Fall: 4257.
Wooller, R. D., Bradley, J. S., Skira, I. J. and Serventy, D. L. (1990) Reproductive success of short-tailed shearwater Puffinus tenuirostris in relation to their age and breeding experience. J. Anim. Ecol. 59: 161170.
Wurster, C. F. Jr. and Wingate, D. B. (1968) DDT residues and declining reproduction in the Bermuda Petrel. Science 159: 979981.
Zar, J. H. (1974) Biostatistical analysis. Englewood Cliffs, N J: Prentice Hall.
Zimmerman, D. R. (1975) To save a bird in peril. New York: Coward, McCann and Geoghegan Inc.

Establishment of a new, secure colony of Endangered Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow by translocation of near-fledged nestlings

  • NICHOLAS CARLILE (a1), DAVID PRIDDEL (a1) and JEREMY MADEIROS (a2)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed