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    Finch, Tom Dunning, Jamie Kiss, Orsolya Račinskis, Edmunds Schwartz, Timothée Sniauksta, Laimonas Szekeres, Otto Tokody, Béla Franco, Aldina and Butler, Simon J. 2016. Insights into the migration of the European Roller from ring recoveries. Journal of Ornithology,


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Preliminary assessment of the scope and scale of illegal killing and taking of birds in the Mediterranean

  • ANNE-LAURE BROCHET (a1), WILLEM VAN DEN BOSSCHE (a2), SHARIF JBOUR (a3), P. KARIUKI NDANG’ANG’A (a4), VICTORIA R. JONES (a1), WED ABDEL LATIF IBRAHIM ABDOU (a5), ABDEL RAZZAQ AL- HMOUD (a6), NABEGH GHAZAL ASSWAD (a7), JUAN CARLOS ATIENZA (a8), IMAD ATRASH (a9), NICHOLAS BARBARA (a10), KEITH BENSUSAN (a11), TAULANT BINO (a12), CLAUDIO CELADA (a13), SIDI IMAD CHERKAOUI (a14), JULIETA COSTA (a15), BERNARD DECEUNINCK (a16), KHALED SALEM ETAYEB (a17), CLAUDIA FELTRUP-AZAFZAF (a18), JERNEJ FIGELJ (a19), MARCO GUSTIN (a13), PRIMOŽ KMECL (a19), VLADO KOCEVSKI (a20), MALAMO KORBETI (a21), DRAŽEN KOTROŠAN (a22), JUAN MULA LAGUNA (a10), MATTEO LATTUADA (a10), DOMINGOS LEITÃO (a15), PAULA LOPES (a15), NICOLÁS LÓPEZ-JIMÉNEZ (a8), VEDRAN LUCIĆ (a23), THIERRY MICOL (a16), AÏSSA MOALI (a24), YOAV PERLMAN (a25), NICOLA PILUDU (a10), DANAE PORTOLOU (a21), KSENIJA PUTILIN (a20), GWENAEL QUAINTENNE (a16), GHASSAN RAMADAN-JARADI (a26), MILAN RUŽIĆ (a27), ANNA SANDOR (a28), NERMINA SARAJLI (a22), DARKO SAVELJIĆ (a29), ROBERT D. SHELDON (a30), TASSOS SHIALIS (a31), NIKOS TSIOPELAS (a21), FRAN VARGAS (a21), CLAIRE THOMPSON (a1), ARIEL BRUNNER (a2), RICHARD GRIMMETT (a1) and STUART H.M. BUTCHART (a32)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0959270915000416
  • Published online: 03 March 2016
Abstract
Summary

Illegal killing/taking of birds is a growing concern across the Mediterranean. However, there are few quantitative data on the species and countries involved. We assessed numbers of individual birds of each species killed/taken illegally in each Mediterranean country per year, using a diverse range of data sources and incorporating expert knowledge. We estimated that 11–36 million individuals per year may be killed/taken illegally in the region, many of them on migration. In each of Cyprus, Egypt, Italy, Lebanon and Syria, more than two million birds may be killed/taken on average each year. For species such as Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla, Common Quail Coturnix coturnix, Eurasian Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs, House Sparrow Passer domesticus and Song Thrush Turdus philomelos, more than one million individuals of each species are estimated to be killed/taken illegally on average every year. Several species of global conservation concern are also reported to be killed/taken illegally in substantial numbers: Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata, Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca and Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca. Birds in the Mediterranean are illegally killed/taken primarily for food, sport and for use as cage-birds or decoys. At the 20 worst locations with the highest reported numbers, 7.9 million individuals may be illegally killed/taken per year, representing 34% of the mean estimated annual regional total number of birds illegally killed/taken for all species combined. Our study highlighted the paucity of data on illegal killing/taking of birds. Monitoring schemes which use systematic sampling protocols are needed to generate increasingly robust data on trends in illegal killing/taking over time and help stakeholders prioritise conservation actions to address this international conservation problem. Large numbers of birds are also hunted legally in the region, but specific totals are generally unavailable. Such data, in combination with improved estimates for illegal killing/taking, are needed for robustly assessing the sustainability of exploitation of birds.

Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence; email: anne-laure.brochet@birdlife.org
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Bird Conservation International
  • ISSN: 0959-2709
  • EISSN: 1474-0001
  • URL: /core/journals/bird-conservation-international
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