Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

The Stanegate: a Frontier Rehabilitated

  • N. Hodgson (a1)
Extract

Most students of Roman frontiers are familiar with the idea that, before the construction of Hadrian's Wall in c. 122, a system of frontier control had developed on the Tyne—Solway isthmus under Trajan, particularly after the withdrawal of the Roman army from southern Scotland in c. 105 (FIG. 1). A road running between Corbridge and Carlisle, known in medieval times as the Stanegate, has generally been seen as the basic component of this Trajanic frontier. The idea of the Stanegate road as a frontier originated with Forster, was developed by Collingwood, and the schedule of sites along it was formalised by Birley, who proposed a regular Stanegate system of forts at intervals of half a day's march, alternating with fortlets.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Baatz, D., and Hermann, F.-R. 1982: Die Römer in Hessen, Stuttgart
Bidwell, P. (ed.) 1999: Hadrian's Wall 1989–1999: A Summary of Recent Excavations and Research, Carlisle
Birley, E. 1961: Research on Hadrian's Wall, Kendal
Bowman, A.K., and Thomas, J.D. 1994: The Vindolanda Writing-tablets (Tabulae Vindolandenses II), London
Braun, R., Fischer, T., and Garbsch, J. 1992: Der römische Limes in Bayern: 100 Jahre Limesforschung, Munich
Bruce, J.C. 1978: The Handbook to the Roman Wall (13th edn, edited and enlarged by Daniels, C.M.), Newcastle upon Tyne
Collingwood, R.G., and Myres, J.N.L. 1937: Roman Britain and the English Settlements, Oxford
Czysz, W. 1980: Heldenbergen … Ausgrabungen in einem Kastell in der östlichen Wetterau 1973–9, Archäologische Denkmäler in Hessen 13
Daniels, C.M. 1970: ‘Problems of the Northern frontier’, Scottish Archaeological Forum 12, 91101
Dobson, B. 1986: ‘The function of Hadrian's Wall’, Archaeologia Aeliana5 14, 130
Forster, R.H., and Knowles, W.H. 1915: ‘Corstopitum: report on the excavations in 1914’, Archaeologia Aeliana3 12, 226–86
Frere, S.S., Rivet, A.L.F., and Sitwell, N.H.H. 1987: Tabula Imperii Romani, Britannia Septentrionalis, London
Gibson, J.P., and Simpson, F.G. 1909: ‘The Roman fortlet on the Stanegate at Haltwhistle Burn’, Archaeologia Aeliana3 5, 213–85
Hanson, W.S. 1987: Agricola and the Conquest of the North, London
Hobley, A.S. 1989: ‘The numismatic evidence for the post-Agricolan abandonment of the Roman frontier in Northern Scotland’, Britannia 20, 6974
Hodgson, J. 1840: Hist. Northumberland, Part II vol. 3, Newcastle upon Tyne
Holbrook, N., and Speak, S.C. 1994: ‘Washingwells Roman fort — a transcription of the aerial photographs and an assessment of the evidence’, Arbeia Journal 3, 33—45
Isaac, B. 1984: ‘Bandits in Judaea and Arabia’, Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 88, 171203
Isaac, B. 1990: The Limits of Empire: The Roman Army in the East (2nd rev. edn), Oxford
Jones, G.D.B. 1982: ‘The Solway frontier: interim report 1976–81’, Britannia 13, 283–97
Jones, G.D.B. 1989: ‘The western Stanegate’, in Daniels, C. (ed.), The XI Pilgrimage of Hadrian's Wall, Newcastle upon Tyne, 92–5
Jones, G.D.B. 1991: ‘The emergence of the Tyne-Solway frontier’, in Maxfield, V.A. and Dobson, M.J. (eds), Roman Frontier Studies 1989, Exeter, 98107
Körtum, K. 1998: ‘Zur Datierung der römischen Militäranlagen in obergermanisch-rätischen Limesgebiet. Chronologische Untersuchungen anhand der Münzfunde’, Saalburg Jahrbuch 49, 565
Mackensen, M. 1987: Frühkaiserzeitliche Kleinkastelle bei Nersingen und Burlafingen an der oberen Donau, Münchener Beiträge zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte 41, Munich
Müller, G. 1962: Kastell Butzbach, Limesforschungen 2, Mainz
ORL: Fabricius, E., Hettner, F., and Sarwey, O. von 1894-1937: Der obergermanisch-rätische Limes der Römerreichs, Berlin and Leipzig
ORLA Strecke 3: E. Fabricius, ‘Die Limesanlagen im Taunus’ (1935), in ORL
ORLA Strecke 3–5: E. Fabricius, ‘Das Strassennetz’ (1936), in ORL
ORLA Strecke 4–5: E. Fabricius, ‘Die Wetteraulinie’ (1936), in ORL
Parker, S.T. 1986: Romans and Saracens: A History of the Arabian Frontier, American Schools of Oriental Research Dissertation Series 6, Winona Lake IN
Pferdehirt, B. 1986: ‘Die römische Okkupation Germaniens und Rätiens von der Zeit Tiberius bis zum Tode Trajans: Untersuchungen zur Chronologie südgallischer Reliefsigillata’, Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz 33, 221320
Poulter, J. 1998: ‘The date of the Stanegate, and a hypothesis about the manner and timing of the construction of Roman roads in Britain’, Archaeologia Aeliana5 26, 4956
Rupprecht, G. 1975: ‘Erster Bericht über die Grabung “Heldenbergen 1973”’, Fundberichte aus Hessen 1973, Wiesbaden
Schönberger, H. 1969: ‘The Roman frontier in Germany: an archaeological survey’, JRS 59, 144–97
Schönberger, H. 1985: ‘Die römischen Truppenlager der frühen und mittleren Kaiserzeit zwischen Nordsee und Inn’, Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission 66, 321497
Simpson, F.G. 1913: ‘Excavations on the line of the Roman Wall in Cumberland during the years 1909–12’, Trans. Cumberland and Westmorland Antiq. and Arch. Soc.2 13, 297397
Simpson, F.G. 1934: ‘Report of the Cumberland Excavation Committee for 1933: vii. Boothby, Castle Hill’, Trans. Cumberland and Westmorland Antiq. and Arch. Soc.2 34, 154–5
Simpson, G. 1974: ‘Haltwhistle Burn, Corstopitum and the Antonine Wall: a reconsideration’, Britannia 5, 317–39
Sommer, C.S. 1999: ‘From conquered territory to Roman province: recent discoveries and debate on the Roman occupation of SW Germany’, in Creighton, J.D. and Wilson, R.J.A. (eds), Roman Germany, JRA Supp. Ser. 32, Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 160–98
St Joseph, J.K.S. 1951: ‘Air reconnaissance of North Britain’, JRS 41, 5265
Ulbert, G., and Fischer, T. 1983: Der Limes in Bayern, Stuttgart
Whittaker, C.R. 1994: Frontiers of the Roman Empire: A Social and Economic Study, Baltimore
Wolff, G. 1916: ‘Zur Geschichte des obergermanischen Limes’, Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission 9, 18—114
Woolliscroft, D.J. 1989: ‘Signalling and the design of Hadrian's Wall’, Archaeologia Aeliana5 17, 519
Zanier, W. 1992: Das römische Kastell Ellingen, Limesforschungen 23, Mainz
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Britannia
  • ISSN: 0068-113X
  • EISSN: 1753-5352
  • URL: /core/journals/britannia
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed