Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-mwx4w Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-17T16:27:56.575Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Three Paths to Constitutionalism – and the Crisis of the European Union

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 May 2015

Abstract

There are three paths to constitutionalism in the modern world. Under the first, revolutionary outsiders use the constitution to commit their new regime to the principles proclaimed during their previous struggle. India, South Africa, Italy and France have followed this path. Under the second, establishment insiders use the constitution to make strategic concessions to disrupt revolutionary movements before they can gain power. Britain provides paradigmatic examples. Under the third, ordinary citizens remain passive while political and social elites construct a new constitution. Spain, Japan and Germany provide variations on this theme. Different paths generate different legitimation problems, but the EU confronts a special difficulty. Since its members emerge out of three divergent pathways, they disagree about the nature of the union’s constitutional problem, not merely its solution. Thus the EU confronts a cultural, not merely an economic, crisis.

Type
Featured Article
Copyright
© Cambridge University Press 2015 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

*

Sterling Professor of Law and Political Science, Yale University (email: bruce.ackerman@yale.edu). I am grateful to the American Academy in Berlin, for their support of this project during my tenure as a Daimler Fellow. Online appendices are available at http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1017/S0007123415000150.

References

Ackerman, Bruce. 1980. Social Justice in the Liberal State. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Ackerman, Bruce. 1988. Transformative Appointments. Harvard Law Review 101:11641184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ackerman, Bruce. 1991, 1998, 2014. We the People, Vols. 1–3. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Ackerman, Bruce. 2008. Populismus heisst Angst vor dem Volk. In Die Alte und die Neue Welt, edited by Bernd M. Scherer and Sven Arnold, 127137. Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag.Google Scholar
Ackerman, Bruce. forthcoming. Three Paths to Constitutionalism. Manuscript on file with author.Google Scholar
Ackerman, Bruce, and Matsudaira, Tokujin. 2014. Dishonest Abe. Foreign Policy. Available from http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/06/24/dishonest-abe/, accessed 6 February 2015.Google Scholar
Collings, Justin. 2016. Democracy’s Guardians. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Fernandez-Miranda, Alfonso, and Fernandez-Miranda, Pilar. 1995. Lo que el Rey me ha pedido. Madrid: Plaza & Janes.Google Scholar
Gardbaum, Stephen. 2013. The New Commonwealth Model of Constitutionalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hailbronner, Michaela. 2014. Rethinking the Rise of the German Constitutional Court. International Journal of Constitutional Law 12:626649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jaggi, Stefan. 2012. The Forgotten Revolution?, J.S.D. dissertation. New Haven, CT: Yale University.Google Scholar
Kalyvas, Andreas. 2008. Democracy and the Politics of the Extraordinary. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Kommers, Donald. forthcoming. Germany’s Constitutional Odyssey. Manuscript available from author.Google Scholar
Linz, Juan, and Stepan, Alfred. 1996. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mahrenholz, Ernst. 1992. Die Verfassung und das Volk. Munich: Siemens Stiftung.Google Scholar
Maravall, Jose. 1982. The Transition to Democracy in Spain. New York: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
Murkens, Jo. 2014. Unintended Democracy. In Constitutionalism, Legitimacy, and Power, edited by Kelly Grotke and Markus Prutsch, 351370. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Stephenson, Scott. 2014. Dialogue to Disagreement, J.S.D. dissertation. New Haven, CT: Yale University.Google Scholar
Supplementary material: File

Bruce Ackerman supplementary material S1

Bibliography

Download Bruce Ackerman supplementary material S1(File)
File 18.1 KB