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Disaggregating Deliberation’s Effects: An Experiment within a Deliberative Poll


Using data from a randomized field experiment within a Deliberative Poll, this paper examines deliberation’s effects on both policy attitudes and the extent to which ordinal rankings of policy options approach single-peakedness (a help in avoiding cyclical majorities). The setting was New Haven, Connecticut, and its surrounding towns; the issues were airport expansion and revenue sharing – the former highly salient, the latter not at all. Half the participants deliberated revenue sharing, then the airport; the other half the reverse. This split-half design helps distinguish the effects of the formal on-site deliberations from those of other aspects of the treatment. As expected, the highly salient airport issue saw only a slight effect, while much less salient revenue-sharing issue saw a much larger one.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Robert C. Luskin , James S. Fishkin and Roger Jowell , ‘Considered Opinions: Deliberative Polling in Britain’, British Journal of Political Science, 32 (2002), 455487

Jason Barabas , ‘How Deliberation Affects Policy Opinions’, American Political Science Review, 98 (2004), 687701

James N. Druckman , ‘Political Preference Formation: Competition, Deliberation, and the (Ir)relevance of Framing Effects’, American Political Science Review, 98 (2004), 671686

See James S. Fishkin , The Voice of the People: Public Opinion and Democracy (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, expanded paperback edition, 1997)

James S. Fishkin and Robert C. Luskin , ‘Experimenting with a Democratic Ideal: Deliberative Polling and Public Opinion’, Acta Politica, 40 (2005), 284298

James S. Fishkin and Robert C. Luskin , ‘Bringing Deliberation to the Democratic Dialogue: The NIC and Beyond’, in Maxwell McCombs and Amy Reynolds, eds, A Poll with a Human Face: The National Issues Convention Experiment in Political Communication (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1999)

Robert C. Luskin , James S. Fishkin , Ian McAllister , John Higley and Pamela Ryan , ‘Information Effects in Referendum Voting: Evidence from the Australian Deliberative Poll’ (paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, Mass.; 2002)

Robert C. Luskin , Shanto Iyengar and James S. Fishkin , ‘Considered Opinions on U.S. Foreign Policy: Face-to-Face versus Online Deliberative Polling’ (Center for Deliberative Democracy, Stanford University, 2006)

Jennifer Hill and Hanspeter Kriesi , ‘An Extension and Test of Converse’s “Black-and-White” Model of Response Stability’, American Political Science Review, 95 (2001), 397414

Robert C. Luskin , ‘The Heavenly Public: What Would the Ideal Citizenry Be Like?’, in Michael B. MacKuen and George Rabinowitz, eds, Electoral Democracy (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003).

Duncan Black , ‘On the Rationale of Group Decision-Making’, Journal of Political Economy, 56 (1948), 2334

Steven J. Brams , Michael A. Jones and D. Marc Kilgour , ‘Single-Peakedness and Disconnected Coalitions’, Journal of Theoretical Politics, 14 (2002), 359383

Richard McKelvey , ‘General Conditions for Global Intransitivities in Formal Voting Models’, Econometrica, 47 (1979), 10851111.

Richard G. Niemi , ‘Majority Decision-Making with Partial Unidimensionality’, American Political Science Review, 63 (1969), 488497.

See David Miller , ‘Deliberative Democracy and Social Choice’, Political Studies, 40 (1992: special issue):5467

Jack Knight and James Johnson , ‘Aggregation and Deliberation: On the Possibility of Democratic Legitimacy’, Political Theory, 22 (1994), 277296

David Van Mill , ‘The Possibility of Rational Outcomes from Democratic Discourse and Procedures’, Journal of Politics, 58 (1996), 734752

John Dryzek and Christian List , ‘Social Choice Theory and Deliberative Democracy: A Reconciliation’, British Journal of Political Science, 33 (2003), 128

List, Luskin, Fishkin and McLean, ‘Deliberation, Single-Peakedness, and the Possibility of Meaningful Democracy’.

List, Luskin, Fishkin and McLean, ‘Deliberation, Single-Peakedness, and the Possibility of Meaningful Democracy’.

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British Journal of Political Science
  • ISSN: 0007-1234
  • EISSN: 1469-2112
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-political-science
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