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The Individual–Institutional Nexus of Protest Behaviour


Political protest is seemingly a ubiquitous aspect of politics in advanced industrial societies, and its use may be spreading to less developed nations as well. Our research tests several rival theories of protest activity for citizens across an exceptionally wide range of polities. With data from the 1999–2002 wave of the World Values Survey, we demonstrate that the macro-level context – levels of economic and political development – significantly influences the amount of popular protest. Furthermore, a multi-level model examines how national context interacts with the micro-level predictors of protest activity. The findings indicate that contemporary protest is expanding not because of increasing dissatisfaction with government, but because economic and political development provide the resources for those who have political demands.

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Pippa Norris , Democratic Phoenix: Reinventing Political Activism (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002)

Doug McAdam , Sidney Tarrow and Charles Tilly , Dynamics of Contention (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001)

Sidney Tarrow , Power in Movement, 2nd edn (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998)

Christopher Rootes , ed., Environmental Protest in Western Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003)

Jack Goldstone , ed. 2003. States, Parties, and Social Movements (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003)

John Booth and Mitchell A. Seligson , The Legitimacy Puzzle: Democracy and Political Support in Eight Latin American Nations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009)

John A. Guidry , Michael D. Kennedy and Mayer N. Zald , eds, Globalizations and Social Movements: Culture, Power, and the Transnational Public Sphere (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000)

Charles Pattie , Patrick Seyd and Paul Whiteley , Citizenship in Britain: Values, Participation and Democracy (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004)

Bratton , Mattes and Gyimah-Boadi , Public Opinion, Democracy, and Market Reform in Africa

Norris , Democratic Phoenix, chap. 10

Robert Putnam , Bowling Alone (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2000)

Norris , Democratic Phoenix, chap. 10

Dalton and Robert Rohrschneider , ‘Political Action and the Political Context’

Norris , Democratic Phoenix, chap. 10

Dalton and van Sickle , ‘The Resource, Structural, and Cultural Bases of Protest’

Norris , Walgrave and van Aelst , ‘Does Protest Signify Disaffection?’

Inglehart , Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society

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British Journal of Political Science
  • ISSN: 0007-1234
  • EISSN: 1469-2112
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-political-science
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