Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Legislative Activity and Gridlock in the European Union

Abstract

This article develops a game-theoretical model of European Union (EU) policy making that suggests that the amount of legislative activity depends on the size of the gridlock interval. This is consistent with Krehbiel's study of US politics. This interval depends on two factors: (1) the preference configuration of the political actors and (2) the legislative procedures used in a particular period. Actors’ preferences and procedures are not expected to have any effect beyond their impact on the gridlock interval. The study predicts smaller gridlock intervals, and thus more legislative activity, under the co-decision (consultation) procedure when the pivotal member states and the European Parliament (Commission) are closer to each other. More activity is expected under qualified majority voting in the Council than under unanimity. The results find support for these propositions in an empirical analysis of EU legislative activity between 1979 and 2009.

Copyright
Footnotes
Hide All
*

Professor of Political Economy, University of Leuven, and Consulting Professor, Stanford University (email: crombez@stanford.edu); Professor of European and Comparative Politics, London School of Economics and Political Science (email: s.hix@lse.ac.uk). We would like to thank Frank Häge, Simon Hug, Thomas König, Keith Krehbiel and Robert Thomson for comments and suggestions on an earlier version of the article. Online appendices and data replication sets are available at http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1017/S0007123413000380.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Francis Castles Peter Mair . 1984. Left Right Political Scales: Some Expert Judgements. European Journal of Political Research 12:7378.

Christophe Crombez . 1997. The Codecision Procedure in the European Union. Legislative Studies Quarterly 22:97119.

Christophe Crombez , Timothy Groseclose Keith Krehbiel . 2006. Gatekeeping. Journal of Politics 68:322334.

Jonathan Golub . 2008. The Study of Decision-Making Speed in the European Union. European Union Politics 9:167179.

Frank Häge . 2011. The European Union Policy-Making Dataset. European Union Politics 12:455477.

Robin F. Hertz Dirk Leuffen . 2011. Too Big to Run? Analyzing the Impact of Enlargement on EU Decision-Making. European Union Politics 12:193215.

Simon Hix , Abdul Noury Gérard Roland . 2006. Dimensions of Politics in the European Parliament. American Journal of Political Science 50:494511.

Liesbet Hooghe , Ryan Bakker , Anna Brigevich , Catherine De Vries , Erica Edwards , Gary Marks , Jan Rovny , Marco Steenbergen Milada Vachudova . 2010. Reliability and Validity of Measuring Party Positions: The Chapel Hill Expert Surveys of 2002 and 2006. European Journal of Political Research 49:687703.

John Huber Ronald Inglehart . 1995. Expert Interpretations of Party Space and Party Locations in 42 Societies. Party Politics 1:73111.

Thomas König . 2007. Divergence or Convergence? From Ever-Growing to Ever-Slowing European Legislative Decision Making. European Journal of Political Research 46:417444.

Thomas König . 2008. Analysing the Process of EU Legislative Decision-Making: To Make a Long Story Short. European Union Politics 9:145165.

Thomas König , Brooke Luetgert Tanja Dannwolf . 2006. Quantifying European Legislative Research: Using CELEX and PreLex in EU Legislative Studies. European Union Politics 7:553574.

Keith Krehbiel . 1998. Pivotal Politics: A Theory of U.S. Lawmaking. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Mikko Mattila . 2004. Contested Decisions: Empirical Analysis of Voting in the European Union Council of Ministers. European Journal of Political Research 43:2950.

Peter Moser . 1997. A Theory of the Conditional Influence of the European Parliament in the Co-operation Procedure. Public Choice 91:333350.

Leonard Ray . 1999. Measuring Party Positions on European Integration: Results from an Expert Survey. European Journal of Political Research 36:283306.

Thomas Romer Howard Rosenthal . 1978. Political Resource Allocation, Controlled Agendas, and the Status Quo. Public Choice 33:2743.

Fritz Scharpf . 1988. The Joint-Decision Trap: Lessons from German Federalism and European Integration. Public Administration 66:239278.

Heiner Schulz Thomas König . 2000. Institutional Reform and Decision-Making Efficiency in the European Union. American Journal of Political Science 44:653666.

Marco Steenbergen Gary Marks . 2007. Evaluating Expert Surveys. European Journal of Political Research 46:347366.

Bernard Steunenberg . 1997. Codecision and its Reform: A Comparative Analysis of Decision Making Rules in the European Union. In Political Institutions and Public Policy: Perspectives on European Decision Making, edited by Bernard Steunenberg and Frans van Vught, 205229. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Robert Thomson . 2011. Resolving Controversy in the European Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Robert Thomson , Jovanka Boerefijn Frans N. Stokman . 2004. Actor Alignments in European Union Decision Making. European Journal of Political Research 43:237261

Dimitar Toshkov . 2011. Public Opinion and Policy Output in the European Union: A Lost Relationship. European Union Politics 12:169191.

George Tsebelis Geoffrey Garrett . 2000. Legislative Politics in the European Union. European Union Politics 1:936.

Christina Zimmer , Gerald Schneider Michael Dobbins . 2005. The Contested Council: Conflict Dimensions of Intergovernmental Institution. Political Studies 53:403422.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Political Science
  • ISSN: 0007-1234
  • EISSN: 1469-2112
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-political-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×
Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary Materials

Crombez and Hix Supplementary Material
Appendix

 PDF (22 KB)
22 KB
PDF
Supplementary Materials

Crombez and Hix Supplementary Material
Appendix

 PDF (22 KB)
22 KB
UNKNOWN
Supplementary Materials

Crombez and Hix Supplementary Material
Supplementary Material

 Unknown (27 KB)
27 KB
UNKNOWN
Supplementary Materials

Crombez and Hix Supplementary Material
Supplementary Material

 Unknown (5 KB)
5 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 22
Total number of PDF views: 220 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 676 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 26th September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.