Adams, James, Clark, Michael, Ezrow, Lawrence, and Glasgow, Garrett. 2006. Are Niche Parties Fundamentally Different from Mainstream Parties? The Causes and the Electoral Consequences of Western European Parties’ Policy Shifts, 1976–1998. American Journal of Political Science
Ames, Barry. 1995. Electoral Rules, Constituency Pressures, and Pork Barrel: Bases of Voting in the Brazilian Congress. Journal of Politics
Ashworth, Scott, and Mesquita, Ethan Bueno de. 2006. Delivering the Goods: Legislative Particularism in Different Electoral and Institutional Settings. The Journal of Politics
Bakker, Ryan, Vries, Catherine de, Edwards, Erica, Hooghe, Liesbet, Jolly, Seth, Marks, Gary, Polk, Jonathan, Rovny, Jan, Steenbergen, Marco, and Vachudova, Milada Anna. 2012. Measuring Party Positions in Europe: The Chapel Hill Expert Survey Trend File, 1999–2010. Party Politics
Bowler, Shaun, and Farrell, David M.. 2011. Electoral Institutions and Campaigning in Comparative Perspective: Electioneering in European Parliament Elections. European Journal of Political Research
Carey, John M., and Shugart, Matthew Soberg. 1995. Incentives to Cultivate a Personal Vote: A Rank Ordering of Electoral Formulas. Electoral Studies
Chang, Eric C.C.
2005. Electoral Incentives for Political Corruption Under Open-List Proportional Representation. The Journal of Politics
Chang, Eric C.C., and Golden, Miriam A.. 2007. Electoral Systems, District Magnitude and Corruption. Journal of Political Science
Cowley, Philip. 2000. British Parliamentarians and European Integration A Re-Examination of the MPP Data. Party Politics
Cox, Gary W., and McCubbins, Mathew Daniel. 1993. Legislative Leviathan: Party Government in the House, Vol. 23. Oakland: University of California Press.
Cox, Gary W., and McCubbins, Mathew D.. 2005. Setting the Agenda: Responsible Party Government in the U.S. House of Representatives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Crisp, Brian F., Escobar-Lemmon, Maria C., Jones, Bradford S., Jones, Mark P., and Taylor-Robinson, Michelle M.. 2004. Vote-Seeking Incentives and Legislative Representation in Six Presidential Democracies. The Journal of Politics
Eggers, Andrew C. 2015. Proportionality and Turnout: Evidence from French Municipalities. Comparative Political Studies
European Commission. 2013. Eurobarometer 74.3: The European Parliament, Energy Supply, Data Protection and Electronic Identity, Chemical Labeling and Rare Diseases, November-December 2010. Available from http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34264.v3, accessed 15 November 2015.
Ezrow, Lawrence. 2008. Research Note: On the Inverse Relationship Between Votes and Proximity for Niche Parties. European Journal of Political Research
Ferrara, Federico, and Weishaupt, J. Timo. 2004. Get Your Act Together: Party Performance in European Parliament Elections. European Union Politics
Folke, Olle, Persson, Torsten, and Rickne, Johanna. 2014. Preferential Voting, Accountability and Promotions into Political Power: Evidence from Sweden, Working paper. Stockholm: IFN.
Ford, Robert, Goodwin, Matthew J., and Cutts, David. 2012. Strategic Eurosceptics and Polite Xenophobes: Support for the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) in the 2009 European Parliament Elections. European Journal of Political Research
Grimmer, Justin, Messing, Solomon, and Westwood, Sean J.. 2012. How Words and Money Cultivate a Personal Vote: The Effect of Legislator Credit Claiming on Constituent Credit Allocation. American Political Science Review
Hallerberg, Mark, and Marier, Patrik. 2004. Executive Authority, the Personal Vote, and Budget Discipline in Latin American and Caribbean Countries. American Journal of Political Science
Hobolt, Sara B., Spoon, Jae-Jae, and Tilley, James. 2009. A Vote Against Europe? Explaining Defection at the 1999 and 2004 European Parliament Elections. British Journal of Political Science
Hobolt, Sara B., and Wittrock, Jill. 2011. The Second-Order Election Model Revisited: An Experimental Test of Vote Choices in European Parliament Elections. Electoral Studies
Lynch, Philip, and Whitaker, Richard. 2013. Where There is Discord, Can They Bring Harmony? Managing Intra-Party Dissent on European Integration in the Conservative Party. The British Journal of Politics & International Relations
Lynch, Philip, Whitaker, Richard, and Loomes, Gemma. 2012. The UK Independence Party: Understanding a Niche Party’s Strategy, Candidates and Supporters. Parliamentary Affairs
Meguid, Bonnie M.
2005. Competition Between Unequals: The Role of Mainstream Party Strategy in Niche Party Success. American Political Science Review
Myatt, David P. 2007. On the Theory of Strategic Voting. The Review of Economic Studies
Samuels, David J.
1999. Incentives to Cultivate a Party Vote in Candidate-Centric Electoral Systems: Evidence from Brazil. Comparative Political Studies
Shugart, Matthew Søberg, Valdini, Melody Ellis, and Suominen, Kati. 2005. Looking for Locals: Voter Information Demands and Personal Vote-Earning Attributes of Legislators Under Proportional Representation. American Journal of Political Science
Sieghart, Mary Ann. 2011. They are All Eurosceptics Now, The Independent, 10 October 2011.
Tavits, Margit. 2009. Effect of Local Ties on Electoral Success and Parliamentary Behaviour: The Case of Estonia. Party Politics
Wagner, Markus. 2012. When Do Parties Emphasise Extreme Positions? How Strategic Incentives for Policy Differentiation Influence Issue Importance. European Journal of Political Research
Wagner, Markus. 2013. Defining and Measuring Niche Parties. Party Politics
Watt, Nicholas. 2014. David Cameron Aims to Stare Down Eurosceptic Rise Within Tory Ranks, The Guardian, 26 May 2014.