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Reducing the Cost of Voting: An Evaluation of Internet Voting’s Effect on Turnout

  • Nicole Goodman and Leah C. Stokes
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Department of Political Science, Brock University (email:; Department of Political Science, University of California Santa Barbara (email: Thank you to Theo Nazary, Cody Boomer, Brian Budd, Ed Cabrera, Rhoanne Esteban, Matthew Maingot and Matthew McManus for research assistance, and to the Municipal Property Assessment Corporation, Association of Municipalities Ontario, Association of Municipal Managers, Clerks and Treasurers of Ontario, and Ontario municipal clerks for providing data. The authors would also like to thank Matto Mildenberger, Chad Hazlett, Bruce Bimber, and participants at IPSA 2014 for feedback on earlier drafts as well as three anonymous reviewers. This research was financially supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Both authors contributed equally to this article, and author names are listed alphabetically. Data replication sets are available in Harvard Dataverse at: and online appendices at:



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Reducing the Cost of Voting: An Evaluation of Internet Voting’s Effect on Turnout

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