Bartolini Stefano Mair Peter. 1990. Identity, Competition, and Electoral Availability. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Birnir Johanna K. 2006. Ethnicity and Electoral Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Birch Sarah. 2001. Electoral System and Party System Stability in Post-Communist Europe. Paper presented at the 2001 Annual Conference of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, CA, 26–29 August.
Birch Sarah. 2003. Electoral Systems and Political Transformation in Post-communist Europe. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
Cox Gary. W. 1997. Making Votes Count: Strategic Coordination in the World's Electoral Systems. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Elff Martin. 2007. Social Structure and Electoral Behavior in Comparative Perspective: The Decline of Social Cleavages in Western Europe Revisited. Perspectives on Politics 5 (2):277–294.
Ferree Karen. 2004. How Fluid is Fluid? The Mutability of Ethnicity and Electoral Volatility in Africa. Working Paper, San Diego, CA.
Frye Timothy, Hellman Joel, Tucker Joshua A.. 2012 (in progress update). Data Base on Political Institutions in the Post-Communist World. Unpublished Dataset.
Golosov Grigorii. 2010. The Effective Number of Parties: A New Approach. Party Politics 16 (2):171–192.
Jurkynas Mindaugas. 2005. The 2004 Presidential and Parliamentary Elections in Lithuania. Electoral Studies 24 (4):770–777.
King Gary, Honaker James, Joseph Anne Scheve Kenneth. 2001. Analyzing Incomplete Political Science Data: An Alternative Algorythm for Multiple Imputation. American Political Science Review 95 (1):49–69.
Kitschelt Herbert. 1995. The Radical Right in Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Kitschelt Herbert, Manfeldova Zdenka, Markowski Radoslaw Toka Gabor. 1999. Post-Communist Party Systems: Competition, Representation, and Inter-Party Cooperation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Klasnja Marko, Kevin Deegan-Krause, Tucker Joshua A.. 2011. It's the Bribe, Stupid! Pocketbook vs. Sociotropic Corruption Voting. APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1899944, accessed 12 November 2012.
Kselman Daniel Tucker Joshua A.. 2011. A Model of Party Entry in Parliamentary Systems with Proportional Representation. In Political Economy of Democratic Institutions, edited by Norman Schofield and Gonzalo Caballero, 373–388. Springer Press.
Kuenzi Michelle Lambright Gina. 2005. Party Systems and Democratic Consolidation in Africa's Electoral Regimes. Party Politics 11 (4):423–446.
Laakso Marku Taagepera Rein. 1979. Effective Number of Parties: A Measure with Application to West Europe. Comparative Political Studies 12:3–27.
Lewis Paul G. 2000. Political Parties in Post-Communist Eastern Europe. London: Routledge.
Lindberg Stefan I. 2007. Institutionalization of Party Systems? Stability and Fluidity among Legislative Parties in Africa's Democracies. Government and Opposition 42 (2):215–241.
Madrid Raul. 2005. Ethnic Cleavages and Electoral Volatility in Latin America. Comparative Politics 38 (1):1–20.
Mainwaring Scott Scully Timothy R.. 1995. Building Democratic Institutions: Party Systems in Latin America. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Mainwaring Scott, Espana Annabella, Gervasoni Carlos. 2009. Extra System Volatility and the Vote Share of Young Parties. Paper presented at 2009 Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association, Ottawa, Canada, 27–29 May.
Markowski Radoslaw Tucker Joshua A.. 2010. Euroskepticism and the Emergence of Political Parties in Poland. Party Politics 16 (4):532–548.
Meguid Bonnie M. 2008. Party Competition between Unequals: Strategies and Electoral Fortunes in Western Europe. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.
Millard Frances. 2003. The Parliamentary Elections in Poland, September 2001. Electoral Studies 22: 367–374.
Mozaffar Shaheen Scarritt James R.. 2005. The Puzzle of African Party Systems. Party Politics 11 (4):399–421.
Owen Andrew Tucker Joshua A.. 2010. Past is Still Present: Micro-level Comparisons of Conventional vs. Transitional Economic Voting in Three Polish Elections. Electoral Studies 29 (1):25–39.
Pacek Alexander, Pop-Eleches Grigore Tucker Joshua A.. 2009. Disenchanted or Discerning? Voter Turnout in Post-Communist Countries. The Journal of Politics 71 (2):473–491.
Pedersen Mogens. 1983. Changing Patterns of Electoral Volatility in European Party Systems, 1948–1977. In Western European Party Systems: Continuity and Change, edited by Hans Daalder and Peter Mair, 29–66. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Roberts Kenneth M. Wibbels Erik. 1999. Party Systems and Electoral Volatility in Latin America: A Test of Economic, Institutional, and Structural Explanations. American Political Science Review 93 (3):575–590.
Rose Richard Munro Neil. 2003. Elections and Parties in New European Democracies. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
Seawright Jason W. 2006. Crisis of Representation: Voters, Party Organizations, and Party-system Collapse in South America. Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
Sikk Allan. 2005. How Unstable? Volatility and the Genuinely New Parties in Eastern Europe. European Journal of Political Research 44: 391–412.
Taagepera Rein. 1997. Effective Number of Parties for Incomplete Data. Electoral Studies 16 (2):145–151.
Tavits Margit. 2005. The Development of Stable Party Support: Electoral Dynamics in Post-Communist Europe. American Journal of Political Science 49 (2):283–298.
Tavits Margit. 2008. Party Systems in the Making: The Emergence and Success of New Parties in New Democracies. British Journal of Political Science 38:113–133.
Tucker Joshua A. 2006. Regional Economic Voting: Russia, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic, 1990–1999. New York: Cambridge University Press.