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Two Models of Class Voting


Until the late 1960s, most informed observers agreed with Pulzer's well-known claim that ‘class is the basis of British party politics; all else is embellishment and detail’. More recently, however, most analysts have come to believe that there has been a decline in the association between class and party choice, a development that is generally referred to as ‘class dealignment’. Nevertheless, several researchers have challenged this new consensus and argued that there has been little or no trend in the association between class and party.

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Jonathan Kelley , Ian McAllister and Anthony Mughan , ‘The Decline of Class Revisited: Class and Party in England, 1964–79’, American Political Science Review, 79 (1985), 719–37

Anthony Heath , J. Curtice , R. Jowell , G. Evans , J. Field and S. Witherspoon , Understanding Political Change (Oxford: Pergamon, 1991).

Ivor Crewe , ‘On the Death and Resurrection of Class Voting’, Political Studies, 34 (1986), 620–38

David Weakliem , ‘Class and Party in Britain, 1964–83’, Sociology, 23 (1989), 285–97.

Ivor Crewe , ‘Changing Votes and Unchanging Voters’, Electoral Studies, 11 (1992), 335–45, p. 342.

Patrick Dunleavy , ‘Class Dealignment in Britain Revisited’, West European Politics, 10 (1987), 400–19.

Mark N. Franklin , ‘How the Decline of Class Voting Opened the Way to Radical Change in British Polities’, British Journal of Political Science, 14 (1984), 483508.

David Butler and Donald Stokes , Political Change in Britain, 2nd edn (New York: St Martin's, 1974).

Leo A. Goodman , ‘Measures, Models, and Graphical Displays in the Analysis of Cross-Classified Data’, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 86 (1991), 10851111

Mark P. Becker and Clifford C. Clogg , ‘Analysis of Sets of Two-Way Contingency Tables Using Association Models’, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 84 (1989), 142–51

Zvi Gilula and Shelby J. Haberman , ‘Canonical Analysis of Contingency Tables by Maximum Likelihood’, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 81 (1986), 780–8

David L. Weakliem , ‘The Two Lefts? Occupation and Party Choice in France, Italy, and the Netherlands’, American Journal of Sociology, 96 (1991), 1327–61, for an application.

Anthony Heath , Roger Jowell and John Curtice , ‘Trendless Fluctuation: A Reply to Crewe’, Political Studies, 35 (1987), 259–77.

Geoffrey Evans , Anthony Heath and Clive Payne , ‘Modelling Trends in the Class/Party Relationship 1964–87’, Electoral Studies, 10 (1991), 99117.

Russell Davidson and James G. MacKinnon , ‘Several Tests for Model Specification in the Presence of Alternative Hypotheses’, Econometrica, 49 (1981), 781–93

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British Journal of Political Science
  • ISSN: 0007-1234
  • EISSN: 1469-2112
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-political-science
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