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Effects of heat stress on the quality of Trichogrammatoidea bactrae Nagaraja (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 May 2014

De S. Wang
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Yu R. He*
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Wei Zhang
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Xiao G. Nian
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Tao Lin
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
Rui Zhao
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong Province, China
*
*Author for correspondence Phone: +0086 020 85283985 E-mail: yrhe@scau.edu.cn

Abstract

Trichogrammatoidea bactrae Nagaraja (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) is an important natural enemy of many species of lepidopterous pests. The effects of heat stress temperature (33, 36, and 39 °C), duration of exposure (2, 4, 6, and 8 h), and developmental stage during exposure (embryo-first instar larvae, second instar larvae, prepupae, and pupae) on the development and reproduction of parasitoid T. bactrae were investigated in the laboratory. When exposed to 39 °C for 8 h during pupal stage, only 19.90% adults emerged from host eggs, and more than 14% were deformed (wings were folded or incomplete). Parasitoid females exposed to 39 °C for 8 h as prepupae only lived for 1.45 days and parasitized about 23.5 host eggs. Moreover, life-table parameters of T. bactrae were also influenced by exposure to heat stress temperatures during each preimaginal developmental stage. Based on these results, we propose that T. bactrae is susceptible to high temperatures, especially at 39 °C. Thus, this parasitoid may be more effectively controlling lepidopterous pests during cooler weather conditions.

Type
Research Paper
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2014 

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