Hostname: page-component-77c89778f8-gvh9x Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-24T23:58:27.907Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Effects of temperature on development and seasonality of Eudocima salaminia (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in eastern Australia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 July 2009

D. P. A. Sands*
CSIRO Division of Entomology, Indooroopilly, Australia
M. Schotz
CSIRO Division of Entomology, Indooroopilly, Australia
A. S. Bourne
CSIRO Institute of Plant Protection and Processing Biometrics Unit, Indooroopilly, Australia
CSIRO Division of Entomology, Private Bag No 3, Indooroopilly, Queensland 4068, Australia.


The durations for development for immature stages of the fruit piercing moth, Eudocima salaminia (Cramer), were determined at constant temperatures ranging from 15°C to 27°C and at ambient temperatures at a field site in southeastern Queensland over a 16 month period. At constant temperatures average heat requirements for: 50% eclosion of eggs were 62.4 day-degrees above 11°C, development of larvae to pupation were 246 day-degrees above 12°C, development of pupae to eclosion were 233 day-degrees above 12°C. For each stage there was no difference between day-degrees calculated at constant temperatures or at those in the field indicating no diapause in the immature stages. For adults, temperatures below 16°C during the activity period after dusk prevented feeding, mating and oviposition. Failure of E. salaminia to overwinter in south-eastern Australia in most years, was explained by the effects of low temperatures on egg hatch, larval, pupal and adult survival, reduced adult feeding, mating and cessation of oviposition.

Research Paper
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1991

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Baptist, B.A. (1944) The fruit-piercing moth (Othreis fullonia L.) with special reference to its economic importance. Indian Journal of Entomology 6, 113.Google Scholar
Bänziger, H. (1982) Fruit piercing moths (Lep., Noctuidae) in Thailand: a general survey and some new perspectives. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen entomologischen Gesellschaft 55, 213240.Google Scholar
Dallwitz, M.J. & Higgins, J.P. (1978) User's guide to DEVAR. A computer program for estimating development rate as a function of temperature. CSIRO, Australia. Division of Entomology Report No 2.Google Scholar
Fay, H.A.C. (1987) Fruit-piercing moth. Newsletter of the Rare Fruits Council of Australia Incorporated 42, 1719.Google Scholar
Holloway, J.D. (1979) A survey of the Lepidoptera, biogeography and ecology of New Caledonia. 588 pp. The Hague, Junk.Google Scholar
Kumar, K & Lal, S.N. (1983) Studies on the biology, seasonal abundance and host-parasite relationships of fruit sucking moth Othreis fullonia (Clerck) in Fiji. Fiji Agricultural Journal 46, 7177.Google Scholar
Moore, F. (1881) VI. On the genera and species of the lepidopterous subfamily Ophiderinae inhabiting the Indian region. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 11, 6375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moss-Robinson, I. (1968) Fruit-sucking moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Australian Zoologist 14, 290293.Google Scholar
Sands, D.P.A. (1990) Plant/insect interactions – food webs and breeding systems, pp. 8897in Webb, L.J. & Kikkawa, J. (Eds) Australian tropical rainforests: science – values – meaning. Melbourne, CSIRO.Google Scholar
Sands, D.P.A. & Broe, R. (in press) Prospects for biological control of the fruit piercing moth, Othreis fullonia (Clerck) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Proceedings of the Agricultural Development in the American Pacific, Crop Protection Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii 18–19 May 1989.Google Scholar
Sands, D.P. A. & Schotz, M. (1989) Advances in research on fruit piercing moths of subtropical Australia, pp. 378383in, Battan, D. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 4th. Australasian Conference Tree and Nut Crops, Lismore NSW, Australia 14–20 August 1988. Exotic fruit growers Association, Lismore, NSW.Google Scholar
Wilson, A.G.L., Lewis, T. & Cunningham, R.B. (1979) Overwintering and spring emergence of Heliothis armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Namoi Valley, New South Wales. Bulletin of Entomological Research 69, 97109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar