Skip to main content
×
Home

Baseline determination and detection of resistance to imidacloprid in Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae)

  • Matthew Cahill (a1), Kevin Gorman (a1), Sara Day (a1), Ian Denholm (a1), Alfred Elbert (a2) and Ralf Nauen (a2)...
Abstract
Abstract

Adult Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) were tested with imidacloprid in a bioassay method using systemically treated cotton leaves. The method was simple, robust and repeatable and provided baseline data for a laboratory and a number of recently collected field strains. The LC50 for imidacloprid susceptible strains was calculated to be 1.7 ppm and a concentration of 16 ppm determined as diagnostic for imidacloprid resistance. Ten strains of B. tabaci collected from the Almeria region of Spain showed significantly less mortality at the diagnostic dose than the susceptible strains. The intensive use of imidacloprid in the Almeria region is considered the reason for the occurrence of resistance in this locality. Resistance to organophosphates, pyrethroids and endosulfan in B-type and non-B type B. tabaci did not confer resistance to imidacloprid.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence: Matthew Cahill, Department of Biological and Ecological Chemistry, IACR – Rothamsted, Harpenden, Herts, AL5 2JQ, UK.
References
Hide All
Anon. (1987) POLO-PC – a user's guide to Probit or Logit analysis. 22 pp. California, LeOra Software.
Bai D., Lummis S.C.R., Leicht W., Breer H. & Sattelle D.B. (1991) Actions of imidacloprid and a related nitromethylene on cholinergic receptors of an identified insect motor neurone. Pesticide Science 33, 197204.
Bartlett P. (1992) Experience of polyphagous alien pests of protected crops in Great Britain. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO 2, 337346.
Byrne F.J. & Devonshire A.L. (1993) Insensitive acetylcholin-esterase and esterase polymorphism in susceptible and resistant populations of the tobacco whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Genn.). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 45, 3442.
Cahill M. & Denholm I. (1993) Detection of resistance to buprofezin in the whitefly Bemisia tabaci. Resistant Pest Management Newsletter 5, 42.
Cahill M., Byrne F.J., Denholm I., Devonshire A.L. & Gorman K.J. (1994) Insecticide resistance in Bemisia tabaci. Pesticide Science 42, 137139.
Cahill M., Byrne F.J., Gorman K., Denholm I. & Devonshire A.L. (1995) Pyrethroid and organophosphate resistance in the tobacco whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 85, 181187.
Cahill M., Jarvis W., Gorman K. & Denholm I. (1996) Resolution of baseline responses and documentation of resistance to buprofezin in Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 86, 116122.
Costa H.S. & Brown J.K. (1991) Variation in biological characteristics and esterase patterns among populations of Bemisia tabaci, and the association of one population with silverleaf symptom induction. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 61, 211219.
della-Giustina W., Martinez M. & Bertaux F. (1989) Bemisia tabaci the new enemy of glasshouse crops in Europe. Phytoma 406, 4852.
Devine G.J., Harling Z.K. & Devonshire A.L. (in press) Resistance to lethal and sub-lethal effects of imidacloprid in nicotine-tolerant Myzus nicotianae and Myzus persicae. Pesticide Science.
Elbert A., Overbeck H., Iwaya K. & Tsuboi S. (1990) Imidacloprid, a novel systemic nitromethylene analogue insecticide for crop protection. Brighton Crop Protection Conference-Pests and Diseases 1990, 2128.
Elbert A., Becker B., Hartwig J. & Erdelen C. (1991) Imidacloprid – a new systemic insecticide. Pflanzenschutz Nachrichten Bayer 44, 113135.
Elbert A., Nauen R., Cahill M., Devonshire A.L., Scan A., Sone S. & Steffens R. (1996) Resistance management with nicotinyl insecticides using imidacloprid as an example. Pflanzenschutz-Nachrichten Bayer 49, 554.
Gill R.J. (1992) A review of the sweetpotato whitefly in Southern California. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 68, 144152.
Gomez-Menor J. (1943) Contribucion al conocimiento de los aleyrodidos de Espana (Hem. Homoptera). la nota. Eos. Madrid 19, 173209.
Horowitz A.R. & Ishaaya I. (1994) Managing resistance to insect growth regulators in the sweetpotato whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 87, 866871.
International Cotton Advisory Committee (1993) Cotton: world statistics. Bulletin of the International Cotton Advisory Committee 47, (1, Part II) USA.
Koch W. (1989) A ‘new’ whitefly in the greenhouse. Description of and prospects for control of Bemisia tabaci. Deutscher-Gartenbau 43, 892894.
Kring J.B., Schuster D.J., Price J.F. & Simone G.W. (1991) Sweetpotato whitefly-vectored geminivirus on tomato in Florida. Plant Disease 75, 1186.
Moreno R., Garijo C., Rodriguez M.D., Garcia S., Tellez M.M., Garcia E. & Rodriguez M.P. (1994) IPM development on tomato under plastic in the south of Spain. Bulletin IOBC/WPRS 17, 2126.
Nauen R. (1995) Behaviour modifying effects of low systemic concentrations of imidacloprid on Myzus persicae with special reference to an antifeeding response. Pesticide Science 44, 145153.
Nauen R., Strobel J., Tietjen K., Otsu Y., Erdelen C. & Elbert A. (in press) Aphicidal activity of imidacloprid against a tobacco feeding strain of Myzus persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae) from Japan closely related to Myzus nicotianae and highly resistant to carbamates and organophosphates. Bulletin of Entomological Research.
Schuster D.J., Mueller T.F., Kring J.B. & Price J.F. (1990) Relationship of the sweetpotato whitefly to a new tomato fruit disorder in Florida. HortScience 25, 16181620.
Soloway S.B., Henry A.C., Kollmeyer W.D., Padgett W.M., Powell J.E., Roman S.A., Tieman C.H., Corey R.A. & Horne C.A. (1978) Nitromethylene insecticides. pp. 206227in Geissbühler H., Brooks G. T. & Kearney P. C. (Eds) Advances in Pesticide Science, Part 2. Pergamon Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 15 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 403 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.