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Genetic investigations of laboratory stocks of the complex of Anopheles balabacensis Baisas (Diptera: Culicidae)

  • Jeffrey L. K. Hii (a1)

Examination of the polytene chromosomes and cross-breeding data confirmed the specific status of Anopheles dirusPeyton & Harrison within the complex of A. balabacensis Baisas. The data also strongly suggested that A. dirus itself is a complex of at least two species, one of which, a hitherto unrecognized species, provisionally designated A. dirus species B, previously known as the Perlis form, occurs in northern Peninsular Malaysia. A distinct population from Thailand was designated A. dirus species A. The mosquitoes studied also include material from natural populations in Sabah, here provisionally designated A. balabacensis s.s., and may represent the first genetic analysis of this species. The Sabah material is distinct from either of the A. dirus forms. Hybrid males from crosses of A. balabacensis × A. dirus species A and of A. dirus species B females × A. dirus species A males were sterile. Chromosome studies also showed that reproductive isolation was accompanied by genetic changes in both the autosomesand X chromosome in the hybrid larvae.

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Bulletin of Entomological Research
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  • EISSN: 1475-2670
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