Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 52
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Faulkner, Katelyn T. Robertson, Mark P. Rouget, Mathieu and Wilson, John R. U. 2016. Understanding and managing the introduction pathways of alien taxa: South Africa as a case study. Biological Invasions, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 73.

    FORBES, VÉRONIQUE DUGMORE, ANDREW J. and ÓLAFSSON, ERLING 2016. The life and death of barn beetles: faunas from manure and stored hay inside farm buildings in northern Iceland. Ecological Entomology, Vol. 41, Issue. 4, p. 480.

    Hill, Matthew P. Clusella-Trullas, Susana Terblanche, John S. and Richardson, David M. 2016. Drivers, impacts, mechanisms and adaptation in insect invasions. Biological Invasions, Vol. 18, Issue. 4, p. 883.

    Hurley, Brett P. Garnas, Jeff Wingfield, Michael J. Branco, Manuela Richardson, David M. and Slippers, Bernard 2016. Increasing numbers and intercontinental spread of invasive insects on eucalypts. Biological Invasions, Vol. 18, Issue. 4, p. 921.

    Liebhold, Andrew M. Yamanaka, Takehiko Roques, Alain Augustin, Sylvie Chown, Steven L. Brockerhoff, Eckehard G. and Pyšek, Petr 2016. Global compositional variation among native and non-native regional insect assemblages emphasizes the importance of pathways. Biological Invasions, Vol. 18, Issue. 4, p. 893.

    Lovett, Gary M. Weiss, Marissa Liebhold, Andrew M. Holmes, Thomas P. Leung, Brian Lambert, Kathy Fallon Orwig, David A. Campbell, Faith T. Rosenthal, Jonathan McCullough, Deborah G. Wildova, Radka Ayres, Matthew P. Canham, Charles D. Foster, David R. LaDeau, Shannon L. Weldy, Troy and Pan, Y. 2016. Nonnative forest insects and pathogens in the United States: Impacts and policy options. Ecological Applications, Vol. 26, Issue. 5, p. 1437.

    Marzano, Mariella Dandy, Norman Papazova-Anakieva, Irena Avtzis, Dimitrios Connolly, Tom Eschen, René Glavendekić, Milka Hurley, Brett Lindelöw, Åke Matošević, Dinka Tomov, Rumen and Vettraino, Anna Maria 2016. Assessing awareness of tree pests and pathogens amongst tree professionals: A pan-European perspective. Forest Policy and Economics, Vol. 70, p. 164.

    New, Tim R. 2016. Alien Species and Insect Conservation.

    Orlova-Bienkowskaja, M. Ja. 2016. Is it possible to distinguish alien species of beetles (Coleoptera) from native ones?. Entomological Review, Vol. 96, Issue. 3, p. 318.

    Pergl, Jan Sádlo, Jiří Petrusek, Adam Laštůvka, Zdeněk Musil, Jiří Perglová, Irena Šanda, Radek Šefrová, Hana Šíma, Jan Vohralík, Vladimír and Pyšek, Petr 2016. Black, Grey and Watch Lists of alien species in the Czech Republic based on environmental impacts and management strategy. NeoBiota, Vol. 28, p. 1.

    Saccaggi, Davina L. Karsten, Minette Robertson, Mark P. Kumschick, Sabrina Somers, Michael J. Wilson, John R. U. and Terblanche, John S. 2016. Methods and approaches for the management of arthropod border incursions. Biological Invasions, Vol. 18, Issue. 4, p. 1057.

    Bradie, Johanna Leung, Brian and Angeler, David 2015. Pathway-level models to predict non-indigenous species establishment using propagule pressure, environmental tolerance and trait data. Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 52, Issue. 1, p. 100.

    Caley, Peter Ingram, Robert and De Barro, Paul 2015. Entry of exotic insects into Australia: Does border interception count match incursion risk?. Biological Invasions, Vol. 17, Issue. 4, p. 1087.

    Eschen, René Rigaux, Ludovic Sukovata, Lidia Vettraino, Anna Maria Marzano, Mariella and Grégoire, Jean-Claude 2015. Phytosanitary inspection of woody plants for planting at European Union entry points: a practical enquiry. Biological Invasions, Vol. 17, Issue. 8, p. 2403.

    Eschen, René Roques, Alain Santini, Alberto and Jeschke, Jonathan 2015. Taxonomic dissimilarity in patterns of interception and establishment of alien arthropods, nematodes and pathogens affecting woody plants in Europe. Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 21, Issue. 1, p. 36.

    Eschen, R. Britton, K. Brockerhoff, E. Burgess, T. Dalley, V. Epanchin-Niell, R.S. Gupta, K. Hardy, G. Huang, Y. Kenis, M. Kimani, E. Li, H.-M. Olsen, S. Ormrod, R. Otieno, W. Sadof, C. Tadeu, E. and Theyse, M. 2015. International variation in phytosanitary legislation and regulations governing importation of plants for planting. Environmental Science & Policy, Vol. 51, p. 228.

    Essl, Franz Bacher, Sven Blackburn, Tim M. Booy, Olaf Brundu, Giuseppe Brunel, Sarah Cardoso, Ana-Cristina Eschen, René Gallardo, Belinda Galil, Bella García-Berthou, Emili Genovesi, Piero Groom, Quentin Harrower, Colin Hulme, Philip E. Katsanevakis, Stelios Kenis, Marc Kühn, Ingolf Kumschick, Sabrina Martinou, Angeliki F. Nentwig, Wolfgang O'Flynn, Colette Pagad, Shyama Pergl, Jan Pyšek, Petr Rabitsch, Wolfgang Richardson, David M. Roques, Alain Roy, Helen E. Scalera, Riccardo Schindler, Stefan Seebens, Hanno Vanderhoeven, Sonia Vilà, Montserrat Wilson, John R. U. Zenetos, Argyro and Jeschke, Jonathan M. 2015. Crossing Frontiers in Tackling Pathways of Biological Invasions. BioScience, Vol. 65, Issue. 8, p. 769.

    Faulkner, Katelyn T. Spear, Dian Robertson, Mark P. Rouget, Mathieu and Wilson, John R.U. 2015. An assessment of the information content of South African alien species databases. Bothalia, Vol. 45, Issue. 1,

    Gossner, Martin M Simons, Nadja K Achtziger, Roland Blick, Theo Dorow, Wolfgang H.O Dziock, Frank Köhler, Frank Rabitsch, Wolfgang and Weisser, Wolfgang W 2015. A summary of eight traits of Coleoptera, Hemiptera, Orthoptera and Araneae, occurring in grasslands in Germany. Scientific Data, Vol. 2, p. 150013.

    Migeon, Alain Auger, Philippe Hufbauer, Ruth and Navajas, Maria 2015. Genetic traits leading to invasion: plasticity in cold hardiness explains current distribution of an invasive agricultural pest, Tetranychus evansi (Acari: Tetranychidae). Biological Invasions, Vol. 17, Issue. 8, p. 2275.


How can alien species inventories and interception data help us prevent insect invasions?

  • M. Kenis (a1), W. Rabitsch (a2) (a3), M.-A. Auger-Rozenberg (a4) and A. Roques (a4)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 October 2007

Information relevant to invasion processes and invasive alien insect species management in Central Europe was extracted from two databases: a compilation of two inventories of alien insects in Austria and Switzerland, and a list of interceptions of non-indigenous plant pests in Europe gathered by the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organisation (EPPO) for the period 1995–2004. For one-third of the insects established in Switzerland and Austria, the region of origin is unclear. Others come mainly from North America, Asia and the Mediterranean region. Among the intercepted insects, 40% were associated with commodities from Asia, 32% from Europe and only 2% from North America. Sternorrhyncha, Coleoptera and Psocoptera were particularly well represented in the alien fauna compared to the native fauna. In the interception database, Sternorrhyncha were also well represented but Diptera accounted for the highest number of records. Sap feeders and detritivores were the dominant feeding niches in the alien insect fauna. In contrast, external defoliators, stem borers, gall makers, root feeders, predators and parasitoids were underrepresented. Nearly 40% of the alien insects in Switzerland and Austria live only indoors. Another 15% live outdoors but exclusively or predominantly on exotic plants. Less than 20% are found mainly in ‘natural’ environments. The majority of introductions of alien insects in Europe are associated with the international trade in ornamental plants. An economic impact was found for 40% of the alien insects in Switzerland and Austria, whereas none is known to have an ecological impact. The implications of these observations for further studies and the management of alien species in Europe are discussed.

Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence Fax: +41 32421 4871 E-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

P. Alpert , E. Bone & C. Holzapfel (2000) Invasiveness, invasibility and the role of environmental stress in the spread of non-native plants. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 3, 5266.

P. Baufeld & S. Enzian (2005) Maize growing, maize high-risk areas and potential yield losses due to western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera) damage in selected European countries. pp. 285302inS. Vidal , U. Kuhlmann & C.R. Edwards (Eds) Western Corn Rootworm: Ecology and Management. Wallingford, CAB International.

C.E. Causton , S.B. Peck , B.J. Sinclair , L. Roque-Albelo , C.J. Hodgson & B. Landry (2006) Alien insects: threats and implications for conservation of Galápagos Islands. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 99, 121143.

J.M. Drake & D.M. Lodge (2006) Allee effects, propagule pressure and the probability of establishment: risk analysis for biological invasions. Biological Invasions 8, 365375.

C. Gómez & J. Oliveras (2003) Can the Argentine ant (Linepithema humile Mayr) replace native ants in myrmecorchory? Acta Oecologica 24, 4753.

R.A. Haack (2001) Intercepted Scolytidae (Coleoptera) at U.S. ports of entry: 1985–2000. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 6, 253282.

R.A. Haack (2006) Exotic bark- and wood-boring Coleoptera in the United States: recent establishments and interceptions. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36, 269288.

R.L. Koch (2003) The multicolored Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis: a review of its biology, uses in biological control, and non-target impacts. Journal of Insect Science 3, 32. Available online:

C.S. Kolar & D.M. Lodge (2001) Progress in invasion biology: predicting invaders. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16, 199204.

J.M. Levine & C.M. D'Antonio (2003) Forecasting biological invasions with increasing international trade. Conservation Biology 17, 322326.

W.M. Lonsdale (1993) Rates of spread on an invading species – Mimosa pigra in northern Australia. Journal of Ecology 81, 513521.

S.M. Louda , A.E. Arnett , T.A. Rand & F.L. Russell (2003) Invasiveness of some biological control insects and adequacy of their ecological risk assessment and regulation. Conservation Biology 17, 322326.

M.E.N. Majerus , V. Strawson & H.E. Roy (2006) The potential impacts of the arrival of the harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), in Britain. Ecological Entomology 31, 207215.

M.S. McClure & C.A.S. Cheah (1999) Reshaping the ecology of invading populations of hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae (Homoptera: Sdelgidae), in Eastern North America. Biological Invasions 1, 247254.

J. Memmott , P.G. Craze , H.M. Harman , P. Syrett & S.V. Fowler (2005) The effect of propagule size on the invasion of an alien insect. Journal of Animal Ecology 74, 5062.

N. Miller , A. Estoup , S. Toepfer , D. Bourguet , L. Lapchin , S. Derridj , K.S. Kim , P. Reynaud , L. Furlan & T. Guillemaud (2005) Multiple transatlantic introductions of the western corn rootworm. Science 310, 992.

E.B. Mondor , M.N. Tremblay & R.H. Messing (2007) Morphological and ecological traits promoting aphid colonization of the Hawaiian Islands. Biological Invasions 9, 87100.

I.M. Parker , D. Simberloff , W.M. Lonsdale , K. Goodell , M. Wonham , P.M. Kareiva , M.H. Williamson , B. Von Holle , P.B. Moyle , J.E. Byers & L. Goldwasser (1999) Impact: toward a framework for understanding the ecological effects of invaders. Biological Invasions 1, 319.

D. Pimentel (2002) Non-native invasive species of arthropods and plant pathogens in the British Isles. pp. 151158inD. Pimentel (Ed.) Biological Invasions. Economic and Environmental costs of Alien Plants, Animal and Microbe Species. Boca Raton, USA, CRC Press.

D. Pimentel , L. Lach , R. Zuniga & D. Morrison (2002a) Environmental and economic costs associated with non-indigenous species in the United States. pp. 285306inD. Pimentel (Ed.) Biological Invasions. Economic and Environmental costs of Alien Plants, Animal and Microbe Species. Boca Raton, USA, CRC Press.

D. Pimentel , S. McNair , J. Janecka , J. Wightman , C. Simmonds , C. O'Connell , E. Wong , L. Russel , J. Zern , T. Aquino & T. Tsomondo (2002b) Economic and environmental threats of alien plant, animal and microbe invasions. pp. 307330inD. Pimentel (Ed.) Biological Invasions. Economic and Environmental costs of Alien Plants, Animal and Microbe Species. Boca Raton, USA, CRC Press.

L.M. Puth & D.M. Post (2005) Studying invasion: have we missed the boat? Ecology Letters 8, 715721.

W. Rabitsch & F. Essl (2006) Biological invasions in Austria: Patterns and case studies. Biological Invasions 8, 295308.

S.H. Reichard & P. White (2001) Horticulture as a pathway of invasive plant introductions in the United States. BioScience 51, 103113.

A. Roques & M.A. Auger-Rozenberg (2006) Tentative analysis of the interceptions of nonindigenous organisms in Europe during 1995–2004. EPPO Bulletin 36, 490496.

H Šefrová , & Z. Laštůvka (2005) Catalogue of alien animal species in the Czech Republic. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis 53, 151170.

D. Simberloff (1986) Introduced insects: a biogeographic and systematic perspective. pp. 326inH.A. Mooney & J.A. Drake (Eds) Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii. New York, Springer-Verlag.

D. Simberloff (2005) The politics of assessing risk for biological invasions: the USA as a case study. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20, 216222.

D. Simberloff , I.M. Parker & P.N. Windle (2005) Introduced species policy, management and future research needs. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3, 1220.

B.M. Tkacz (2002) Pest risks associated with importing wood to the United States. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 24, 111116.

R.C. Venette , R.D. Moon & W.D. Hutchison (2002) Strategies and statistics of sampling for rare individuals. Annual Review of Entomology 47, 143174.

T.T. Work , D.G. McCullough , J.F. Cavey & R. Komsa (2005) Arrival rate of nonindigenous species into the United States through foreign trade. Biological Invasions 7, 323332.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *