Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Mating system, age, and reproductive performance in Tenuisvalvae notata, a long-lived ladybird beetle

  • Amanda C. Túler (a1), C.S.A. Silva-Torres (a2), J.B. Torres (a2), R.B. Moraes (a2) and A.R.S. Rodrigues (a3)...
Abstract

The long-lived polygynandrous ladybird beetle Tenuisvalvae notata (Mulsant) found in Brazil was evaluated in the laboratory for the effects of multiple mating and aging on its reproductive performance. This species is native to South America and is an important predator of mealybugs. Specifically studied were partner choice, female reproductive success, adult longevity, male virility, and offspring development. Young (5–10 days old) and older virgin females (95–100 days old) were subjected to either a single mate or multiple mating with the same or different males of various mating status (virgin or previously mated once, twice, and thrice). Results revealed a preference in both genders to mate with previously known partners. Additionally, younger females had higher fecundity and greater longevity when mated only once in comparison to those mated multiple times. Fecundity, fertility, and offspring development were similar across the treatments regardless of the number of mating or male mating history. Fecundity and fertility decreased throughout the oviposition period regardless of mating treatment.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence Tel: +55 81 3320-6218 Fax: +55 81 3320 6205 E-mail: christian.silva@ufrpe.br
References
Hide All
Aldrich, J.R. & Zhang, Q.H. (2016) Chemical ecology of neuroptera. Annual Review of Entomology 61, 197218.
Aldrich, J.R., Oliver, J.E., Taghizadeh, T., Ferreira, J.T.B. & Liewehr, D. (1999) Pheromones and colonization: reassessment of the milkweed bug migration model (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae: Lygaeinae). Chemoecology 9, 6371.
Arnqvist, G. & Nilsson, T. (2000) The evolution of polyandry: multiple mating and female fitness in insects. Animal Behaviour 60, 145164.
Avila, F.W., Sirot, L.K., LaFlamme, B.A., Rubinstein, C.D. & Wolfner, M.F. (2011) Insect seminal fluid proteins: identification and function. Annual Review of Entomology 56, 2140.
Barbosa, P.R.R., Oliveira, M.D., Giorgi, J.A., Silva-Torres, C.S.A. & Torres, J.B. (2014a) Predatory behavior and life history of Tenuisvalvae notata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) under variable prey availability conditions. Florida Entomologist 97, 10261034.
Barbosa, P.R.R., Oliveira, M.D., Giorgi, J.A., Oliveira, J.E.M. & Torres, J.B. (2014b) Suitability of two prey species for development, reproduction, and survival of Tenuisvalvae notata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 107, 11021109.
Bayoumy, M.H. & Michaud, J.P. (2014) Female fertility in Hippodamia convergens (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is maximized by polyandry, but reduced by continued male presence. European Journal of Entomology 4, 513520.
Chaudhary, D.D., Mishra, G. & Omkar, S.K. (2016) Last male wins the egg fertilization fight: a case study in ladybird, Menochilus sexmaculatus. Behavioural Processes 131, 18.
Chauhan, K.R., Levi, V., Zhang, Q.H. & Aldrich, J.R. (2007) Female golden eyed lacewings (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae: Chrysopa oculata) approach but seldom enter traps baited with the male-produced compound, iridodial. Journal of Economic Entomology 100, 17511755.
Colares, F., Michaud, J.P., Torres, J.B. & Silva-Torres, C.S.A. (2015) Polyandry and male mating history affect the reproductive performance of Eriopis connexa (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 108, 736742.
Dowling, D.K., Williams, B.R. & Garcia-Gonzalez, F. (2014) Maternal sexual interactions affect offspring survival and ageing. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27, 8897.
Dreyer, B.S., Neuenschwander, P., Baumgärtner, J. & Dorn, S. (1997) Trophic influences on survival, development and reproduction of Hyperaspis notata (Col., Coccinellidae). Journal of Applied Entomology 121, 249256.
Dunn, D.W., Sumner, J.P. & Goulson, D. (2005) The benefits of multiple mating to female seaweed flies, Coelopa frigida (Diptera: Coelpidae). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 58, 128135.
Fassotte, B., Francis, F. & Verheggen, F.J. (2016) The scent of love: how important are semiochemicals in the sexual behavior of lady beetles? Journal of Pest Science 89, 347358.
Fisher, D.O., Double, M.C., Blomberg, S.P., Jennions, M.D. & Cockburn, A. (2006) Post-mating sexual selection increases lifetime fitness of polyandrous females in the wild. Nature 444, 8992.
Fox, W.C. & Rauter, C.M. (2003) Bet-hedging and the evolution of multiple mating. Evolutionary Ecology Research 5, 273286.
Gay, L., Hosken, D.J., Eady, P., Vasudev, R. & Tregenza, T. (2010) The evolution of harm-effect of sexual conflicts and population size. Evolution 65, 725737.
Gillott, C. (2003) Male accessory gland secretions: modulators of female reproductive physiology and behavior. Annual Review of Entomology 48, 163184.
Haddrill, P.R., Shuker, D.M., Amos, W., Majerus, M.E.N. & Mayes, S. (2008) Female multiple mating in wild and laboratory populations of the two-spot ladybird, Adalia bipunctata. Molecular Ecology 17, 31893197.
Hollander, M. & Gwynne, D.T. (2009) Female fitness consequences of male harassment and copulation in seed beetles, Callosobruchus maculatus. Animal Behaviour 78, 10611070.
Hotzy, C., Polak, M., Rönn, J.L. & Arnqvist, G. (2012) Phenotypic engineering unveils the function of genital morphology. Current Biology 22, 22582261.
Jiaqin, X., Yuhong, Z., Hongsheng, W., Ping, W., Congshuang, D. & Hong, P. (2014) Effects of mating patterns on reproductive performance and offspring fitness in Cryptolaemus montrouzieri. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 153, 2023.
Kaufmann, T. (1996) Dynamics of sperm transfer, mixing, and fertilization in Cryptolaemus montrouzieri (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in Kenya. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 89, 238242.
Klein, J.P. & Moeschberger, M.L. (2003) Survival Analysis. Spinger, 441p.
Kvarnemo, C. & Simmons, L.W. (2013) Polyandry as a mediator of sexual selection before and after mating. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 368, 20120042. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0042
Majerus, M.E.N. (1994) Female promiscuity maintains high fertility in ladybirds (Col. Coccinellidae). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 130, 205209.
Matthews, R.W. & Matthews, J. R. (2010) Insect Behavior, 514p. London, Springer.
McDonald, G.C. & Pizzari, T. (2016) Why patterns of assortative mating are key to study sexual selection and how to measure them. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 70, 209220.
Michaud, J.P., Bista, M.G. & Omkar, M. (2013) Sexual activity diminishes male virility in two Coccinella species: consequences for female fertility and progeny development. Bulletin of Entomological Research 103, 570577.
Mirhosseini, M.A., Michaud, J.P., Jalali, M.A.A. & Ziaaddini, M. (2014) Paternal effects correlate with female reproductive stimulation in the polyandrous ladybird Cheilomenes sexmaculata. Bulletin of Entomological Research 104, 480485.
Mishra, G. & Omkar, (2006) Ageing trajectory and longevity trade-off in an aphidophagous ladybird, Propylea dissecta (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). European Journal of Entomology 103, 3340.
Monaghan, P., Charmantier, A., Nussey, D.H. & Ricklefs, R.E. (2008) The evolutionary ecology of senescence. Functional Ecology 22, 371378.
Mulsant, E. (1850) Species des Coleopteres trimeres securipalpes. Annales des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, d’ Agriculture et d'Industrie 2, 11104.
Omkar, & Mishra, G. (2005). Mating in aphidophagous ladybirds: costs and benefits. Journal of Applied Entomology 129, 432436.
Omkar, , Singh, S.K. & Mishra, G. (2010) Multiple matings affect the reproductive performance of the aphidophagous ladybird beetle, Coelophora saucia (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). European Journal of Entomology 107, 177182.
Parker, G.A. (1983) Mate quality and mating decision. pp. 141166. in Bateson, P. (ed.), Mate Choice. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Parker, G.A. & Birkhead, T.R. (2013) Polyandry: the history of a revolution. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 368, 20120335. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0042
Parker, G.A., Lessells, C.M. & Simmons, L.W. (2013) Sperm competition games: a general model for precopulatory male–male competition. Evolution 67, 95109.
Peronti, A.L.B.G., Martinelli, N.M., Alexandrino, J.G., Marsaro Júnior, A.L., Penteado-Dias, A.M. & Almeida, L.M. (2016) Natural enemies associated with Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Florida Entomologist 99, 2125.
Perry, J.C. & Rowe, L. (2010) Condition-dependent ejaculate size and composition in a ladybird beetle. Proceeding of the Royal Society of London 277, 36393647.
Perry, J.C. & Tse, C.T. (2013) Extreme costs of mating for male two-spot ladybird beetles. PLoS ONE 8, e81934. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081934.
Pervez, A., Omkar, & Richmond, A.S. (2004) The influence of age on reproductive performance of the predatory ladybird beetle, Propylea dissecta. Journal of Insect Science 4, 0108.
Sanches, N.F. & Carvalho, R.S. (2010) Procedimentos para manejo da criação e multiplicação do predador exótico Cryptolaemus montrouzieri. p5. Cruz das Almas, EMBRAPA, Circular Técnica 99.
SAS Institute (2002) SAS/STAT 9.2, User's Guide. Cary, NC, USA, SAS Institute.
Semyanov, V.P. (1970) Biological properties of Adalia bipunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in conditions of Leningrad region. Zashchita Rastenii Vredit Bolez 127, 105112.
Thornhill, R. & Alcock, J. (1983) The Evolution of Insect Mating Systems, 325p. Massachusetts, Harvard University Press.
Wang, S., Michaud, J.P., Zhang, R., Zhang, F. & Liu, S. (2009) Seasonal cycles of assortative mating and reproductive behaviour in polymorphic populations of Harmonia axyridis in China. Ecological Entomology 34, 483494.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 52 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 232 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 23rd November 2017 - 18th September 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.