Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Monitoring and mass-trapping methodologies using pheromones: the lesser date moth Batrachedra amydraula

  • A. Levi-Zada (a1), A. Sadowsky (a2), S. Dobrinin (a3), T. Ticuchinski (a2), M. David (a1), D. Fefer (a1), E. Dunkelblum (a1) and J.A. Byers (a4)...
Abstract
Abstract

The lesser date moth (LDM) Batrachedra amydraula is a significant pest of date palm fruits. Previously, detection and monitoring of the pest was inaccurate due to high costs of sampling with lifting machines. We report a practical system for detection and monitoring of LDM based on pheromone traps and relevant models. Dose–response experiments with LDM pheromone traps indicated a 1 mg lure is optimal for monitoring. Delta traps with adhesive covering their entire inner surface gave the highest captures while trap colour was unimportant. Sampling pheromone traps throughout the night indicated male flight began at 1:00–2:00 and reached a peak 2 h before sunrise. Monitoring traps exposed all year long in Israel revealed three generations with different abundance. Trapping transects in a date plantation indicated interference from a monitoring trap became minimal at distances >27 m away. Inter-trap distances closer than this may lower efficiency of monitoring and mass trapping in control programs. Our estimate of the circular effective attraction radius (EARc) of a 1 mg delta trap for LDM (3.43 m) shows this bait is among the most attractive compared with baits for other insects. We developed encounter-rate equations with the pheromone trap EARc to model the interplay between population levels, trap density and captures that are useful for detection of invasive LDM and its control by mass trapping. The integrated methodologies are applicable to many pest species.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence Phone: 972-3-9683760 Fax: 972-3-9683781 E-mail: anatzada@volcani.agri.gov.il
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

C. Asaro , R.S. Cameron , J.T. Nowak , D.M. Grosman , J.O. Seckinger & C.W. Berisford (2004) Efficacy of wing versus delta traps for predicting infestation levels of four generations of the Nantucket pine tip moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in the Southern United States. Environmental Entomology 33, 397404.

D. Blumberg (1975) Preliminary notes on the phenology and biology of Batrachedra amydraula Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae), a new pest of date palms in Israel. Phytoparasitica 3, 5557.

D. Blumberg (2008) Date palm arthropod pests and their management in Israel. Phytoparasitica 36, 411448.

J.A. Byers (2007) Simulation of mating disruption and mass trapping with competitive attraction and camouflage. Environmental Entomology 36, 13281338.

J.A. Byers (2011) Analysis of vertical distributions and effective flight layers of insects: three-dimensional simulation of flying insects and catch at trap heights. Environmental Entomology 40, 12101222.

J.A. Byers (2012 a) Estimating insect flight densities from attractive trap catches and flight height distributions. Journal of Chemical Ecology 38, 592601.

J.A. Byers (2012 b) Modelling female mating success during mass trapping and natural competitive attraction of searching males or females. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 145, 228237.

J.A. Byers & S.E. Naranjo (2014) Detection and monitoring of pink bollworm moths and invasive insects using pheromone traps and encounter rate models. Journal of Applied Ecology 51, 10411049.

A.M. El-Sayed , D.M. Suckling , C.H. Wearing & J.A. Byers (2006) Potential of mass trapping for long-term pest management and eradication of invasive species. Journal of Economic Entomology 99, 15501564.

A.M. El-Sayed , D.M. Suckling , J.A. Byers , E.B. Jang & C.H. Wearing (2009) Potential of ‘lure and kill’ in long-term pest management and eradication of invasive species. Journal of Economic Entomology 102, 815835.

S.H. Gage , T.M. Wirth & G.A. Simmons (1990) Predicting regional gypsy moth (Lymantriidae) population trends in an expanding population using pheromone trap catch and spatial analysis. Environmental Entomology 19, 370377.

A. Levi-Zada , M. David , D. Fefer , V. Seplyarsky , A. Sadowsky , S. Dobrinin , T. Ticuchinski , D. Harari , D. Blumberg , E. Dunkelblum (2014) Circadian release of male-specific components of the Greater Date Moth, Aphomia (Arenipses) sabella, using sequential SPME/GC–MS analysis. Journal of Chemical Ecology 40, 236243.

F. Schlyter , Q.H. Zhang , G.T. Liu & J. Lan-Zhu (2001) A successful case of pheromone mass trapping of the bark beetle Ips duplicatus in a forest island, analysed by 20-year time-series data. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 6, 185196.

D.M. Suckling , L.D. Stringer , A.E.A. Stephens , B. Woods , D.G. Williams , G. Baker & A.M. El-Sayed (2014) From integrated pest management to integrated pest eradication: technologies and future needs. Pest Management Science 70, 179189.

D.M. Suckling , L.D. Stringer , J.M. Kean , P.L. Lo , V. Bell , J.T.S. Walker , A.M. Twidle , A. Jiménez-Pérezg & A.M. El-Sayed (2015) Spatial analysis of mass trapping: how close is close enough? Pest Management Science 71, 14521461.

T. Yamanaka (2007) Mating disruption or mass trapping? Numerical simulation analysis of a control strategy for lepidopteran pests. Population Ecology 49, 7586.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 26 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 144 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 11th May 2017 - 22nd September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.