Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Oviposition preferences of dengue vectors; Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in Sri Lanka under laboratory settings

  • N. Gunathilaka (a1), T. Ranathunge (a2), L. Udayanga (a2), A. Wijegunawardena (a2) and W. Abeyewickreme (a3)...
Abstract
Abstract

Investigations on oviposition behaviour of dengue vectors are critical for effective controlling of vector breeding. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the oviposition behaviour of dengue vectors, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in Sri Lanka. Batches of 1000 adult mosquitoes (1 : 1, male: female ratio) housed in rearing cages were used for each experimental setup from Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus. Oviposition responses with respect to the size of the ovitrap, colours of the ovitrap, water source, sodium chloride (NaCl) concentration and presence/absence of larvae were evaluated by enumerating the number of eggs laid in the ovitraps. The analysis of variance and cluster analysis were used to investigate the significance in the variations among oviposition. The number of eggs laid by both species were improved with the increasing size of ovitraps. Ae. albopictus indicated the highest mean number of eggs in 0.2% of NaCl than in the ovitraps filled with distilled water. However, the egg laying preference was reduced with increasing salinity in both species. Drain water with low dissolved oxygen (DO) level (0.43 ± 0.12 mg l−1) was the preferred water source for both species, while a significantly high oviposition rate was observed in ovitraps with larvae. Black colour ovitraps attracted the majority of gravid females, while white was least preferred. There were no significant variations among oviposition behaviours of Ae. albopictus and Ae. aegypti. The ability of these vectors to breed in waste water with low DO levels may lead them to attain wide dissemination in the natural environment, enhancing their potential threat to human life.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Tel: +94 11 2958039 Fax: +94 11 2958337 E-mail: n.gunathilaka@kln.ac.lk
References
Hide All
ApostolB.L., BlackW.C., ReiterP. & MillerB.R. (1994) Use of randomly amplified polymorphic DNA amplified by polymerase chain reaction markers to estimate the number of Aedes aegypti families at oviposition sites in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 51(1), 8997.
ArbaouiA.A. & ChuaT.H. (2014) Bacteria as a source of oviposition attractant for Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Tropical Biomedicine 31, 134142.
BeehlerJ.W. & MullaM.S. (1995) Effects of organic enrichment on temporal distribution and abundance of culicine egg rafts. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 11(2), 167171.
BentleyM.D. & DayJ.F. (1989) Chemical ecology and behavioral aspects of mosquito oviposition. Annual Review of Entomology 34(1), 401421.
BlausteinL. (1999) Oviposition site selection in response to risk of predation: evidence from aquatic habitats and consequences for population dynamics and community structure. pp. 441456 in WasserS.P. (Ed.) Evolutionary Theory and Processes: Modern Perspectives. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
BlausteinL. & KotlerB.P. (1993) Oviposition habitat selection by the mosquito, Culiseta longiareolata: effects of conspecifics, food and green toad tadpoles. Ecological Entomology 18(2), 104108.
BonnetD.D. & ChapmanH.E.R.A.L.D. (1956) The importance of mosquito breeding in tree holes with special reference to the problem in Tahiti. Mosquito News 16(4), 301305.
Brito-ArduinoM., MarquesG.R.A.M. & SerpaL.L.N. (2010) Registro de larvas e pupas de Ae. aegypti e Aedes albopictus em recipientes com água salina em condições naturais [Record of larvae and pupae of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in containers with saline water in natural conditions]. Boletim Epidemiológico Paulista (BEPA) 83(7), 228.
Brito ArduinoM., MucciL.F., SerpaL.L.N. & RodriguesM.D.M. (2015) Effect of salinity on the behavior of Aedes aegypti populations from the coast and plateau of southeastern Brazil. Journal of Vector Borne Diseases 52(1), 7987.
Center for Disease Control (CDC). (2016) Surveillance and Control of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the United States. Center for Disease Control (CDC) and prevention. Available at; http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/resources/vector-control.html.
ChadeeD.D., CorbetP.S. & GreenwoodJ.J.D. (1990) Egg-laying yellow fever mosquitoes avoid sites containing eggs laid by themselves or by conspecifics. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 57(3), 295298.
ChristophersS. (1960). Aedes Aegypti (L.) the Yellow Fever Mosquito: Its Life History, Bionomics and Structure. Aëdes Aegypti (L.) the Yellow Fever Mosquito: Its Life History, Bionomics and Structure. London, Cambridge University Press.
ChuaK.B., ChuaI.L., ChuaI.E. & ChuaK.H. (2004) Differential preferences of oviposition by Aedes mosquitos in man-made containers under field conditions. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine & Public Health 35(3), 599607.
ColtonY.M., ChadeeD.D. & SeversonD.W. (2003) Natural skip oviposition of the mosquito Aedes aegypti indicated by codominant genetic markers. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 17(2), 195204.
DerraikJ.G. & SlaneyD. (2005) Container aperture size and nutrient preferences of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Auckland region, New Zealand. Journal of Vector Ecology 30(1), 73.
GunathilakaN., AbeyewickremeW., HapugodaM. & WickremasingheR. (2015) Species composition and diversity of malaria vector breeding habitats in Trincomalee District of Sri Lanka. BioMed Research International 2015, 823810. doi:10.1155/2015/823810.
KiflawiM., BlausteinL. & MangelM. (2003) Oviposition habitat selection by the mosquito Culiseta longiareolata in response to risk of predation and conspecific larval density. Ecological Entomology 28, 168173.
MacArthurR.H. & WilsonE.O. (1967) The Theory of Island Biogeography. Princeton, Princeton Univ. Press.
MacfieJ.W.S. (1921) The effect of saline solutions and sea-water on Stegomyia Fasciata . Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology 15(4), 377380.
McDanielI.N., BentleyM.D., LeeH.P. & YatagaiM. (1976) Effects of color and larval-produced oviposition attractants on oviposition of Aedes triseriatus . Environmental Entomology 5(3), 553556.
MillarJ.G., ChaneyJ.D., BeehlerJ.W. & MullaM.S. (1994) Interaction of the Culex quinquefasciatus egg raft pheromone with a natural chemical associated with oviposition sites. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 10(3), 374379.
NadeekaP.V.J., GunathilakaP.A.D.H.N. & AmarasingheL.D. (2014) Geographic, economic and socio-cultural factors which defining the risk of dengue transmission in Kelaniya, Sri Lanka. Journal of Experimental Biology 2, 158164.
NavarroD.M.A.F., OliveiraP.E.S., PottingR.P.J., BritoA.C., FitalS.J.F. & Goulart Sant'AnaA.E. (2003) The potential attractant or repellent effects of different water types on oviposition in Ae. aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Applied Entomology 127(1), 4650.
PanigrahiS.K., BarikT.K., MohantyS. & TripathyN.K. (2014) Laboratory evaluation of oviposition behavior of field collected Aedes mosquitoes. Journal of Insects 2014, 207489. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/207489.
PetrankaJ.W. & FakhouryK. (1991) Evidence of a chemically-mediated avoidance response of ovipositing insects to blue-gills and green frog tadpoles. Copeia 19, 273279.
PuggioliA., BalestrinoF., DamiensD., LeesR.S., SolibanS.M., MadakacherryO. & GillesJ.R.L. (2013) Efficiency of three diets for larval development in mass rearing Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 50(4), 819825.
RamasamyR., SurendranS.N., JudeP.J., DharshiniS. & VinobabaM. (2011) Larval development of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in peri-urban brackish water and its implications for transmission of arboviral diseases. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 5(11), e1369.
ReiskindM.H. & ZarrabiA.A. (2012) Water surface area and depth determine oviposition choice in Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 49(1), 7176.
ResetaritsW.J. & WilburH.M. (1989) Choice of oviposition site by Hyla chrysoscelis: role of predators and competitors. Ecology 70(1), 220228.
RuedaL.M. (2004) Pictorial keys for the identification of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) associated with dengue virus transmission. Zootaxa 589, 160.
SoaresF.A., SilvaJ.C., OliveiraJ.B.B.S. & AbreuF.V.S.D. (2015) Study of oviposition behavior of Aedes aegypti in two neighborhoods under the influence of semi-arid climate in the municipality of Salinas, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Revista de Patologia Tropical 44, 7788.
SpencerM., BlausteinL. & CohenJ.E. (2002) Oviposition habitat selection by mosquitoes Culiseta longiareolata and consequences for population size. Ecology 83, 669679.
StavG., BlausteinL. & MargalithJ. (1999) Experimental evidence for predation risk sensitive oviposition by a mosquito, Culiseta longiareolata . Ecological Entomology 24(2), 202207.
SunaharaT., IshizakaK. & MogiM. (2002) Ha6bitat size: a factor determining the opportunity for encounters between mosquito larvae and aquatic predators. Journal of Vector Ecology 27(1), 820.
SurendranS.N., JudeP.J., ThabothinyV., RaveendranS. & RamasamyR. (2012) Pre-imaginal development of Ae. aegypti in brackish and fresh water urban domestic wells in Sri Lanka. Journal of Vector Ecology 37(2), 471473.
WallisR.C. (1954) The effect of population density and of NaCl concentrations in test series in laboratory experiments with ovipositing Aedes aegypti . Mosquito News 14, 200204.
WashburnJ.O. (1995) Regulatory factors affecting larval mosquito populations in container and pool habitats: implication for biological control. Journal of American Mosquito Control Association 11, 279283.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 14 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 88 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 27th September 2017 - 19th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.